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Daily Current Affairs : 13-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. KAZIRANGA - 96 SPECIES OF WETLAND BIRDS

  2. H9N2

  3. DRDO'S NAVAL VARIANT OF LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT

  4. 2019 SEVENTH WARMEST YEAR

  5. NEPAL’S SEKE LANGUAGE ‘NEAR-EXTINCT’

  6. PRIVATE PROPERTY IS A HUMAN RIGHT: SUPREME COURT

  7. OLIVE RIDLEY TURTLES - AT RUSHIKULYA

  8. TO EASE AUCTION OF COAL MINES

  9. GENOME OF THE INDIAN COBRA - DECODED

  10. NEON PROJECT



KAZIRANGA - 96 SPECIES OF WETLAND BIRDS

Part of GS-3 Environment


Why in news?

  • Kaziranga, home of the world's most one-horned rhinos, has 96 species of wetland birds — one of the highest for wildlife preserves in India.


Highlights:

  • Officials of the Kaziranga National Park and avian specialists conducted the second wetland bird count on January 9-10. The teams counted a total of 19,225 birds belonging to 96 species under 80 families.

  • Kaziranga, about 220 km east of Guwahati, has a total area (tiger reserve) of 1,030 sq km with a core area of 430 sq. km.

  • "With 6,181 individuals, the bar-headed goose led the species count, followed by the common teal at 1,557 and northern pintail at 1,359.

  • The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Dipholu River running through it.

  • The first waterfowl census in 2018 had yielded 10,412 birds covering 80 families from 21 families.


Kaziranga National Park

  • Kaziranga National park’s 430 square kilometer area sprinkled with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and dense forests is home to more than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros, approximately 2/3rd of their total world population.

  • Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park is located in the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district in Assam

  • In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

  • Along with the iconic Greater one-horned rhinoceros, the park is the breeding ground of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.

  • Over the time, the tiger population has also increased in Kaziranga, and that’s the reason why Kaziranga was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006.


Source: The Hindu



H9N2

Part of GS-Health


Why in news?

  • Indian scientists have detected the country’s first case of infection with a rare variant of the virus that causes avian influenza, or bird flu.


Highlights:

  • H9N2 is a subtype of the influenza a virus, which causes human influenza as well as bird flu.

  • The H9N2 subtype was isolated for the first time in Wisconsin, US in 1966 from turkey flocks.

  • According to the US National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), H9N2 viruses are found worldwide in wild birds and are endemic in poultry in many areas. However, they are somewhat neglected.

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), with avian influenza viruses circulating in poultry, there is a risk for sporadic infection and small clusters of human cases due to exposure to infected poultry or contaminated environments. Therefore, sporadic human cases are not unexpected.

  • H9N2 virus infections in humans are rare, but likely under-reported due to typically mild symptoms of the infections.

  • According to a recent report by NCBI researcher T P Peacock, H9N2 viruses could potentially play a major role in the emergence of the next influenza pandemic.

  • Cases of human infection have been observed in Hong Kong, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Egypt. One case was detected in Oman recently.

  • The first case globally was reported from Hong Kong in 1998.

  • A total of 28 cases in China have been reported since December 2015. Cases continue to be reported mainly from mainland China and Hong Kong.


Source: Indian Express



DRDO'S NAVAL VARIANT OF LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT

Part of GS-3 Defence and Security


Why in news?

  • The naval version of indigenous Light Combat Aircraft, LCA, made its first successful landing on the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya on 12th January, 2020. This aircraft is developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization, DRDO.


Highlights:

  • After completing extensive trials on the Shore Based Test Facility, LCA Navy did an arrested landing on INS Vikramaditya.

  • LCA Navy is developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization, DRDO.

  • LCA is the smallest and lightest Multi-Role Supersonic Fighter Aircraft of its class.

  • The LCA programme intends to further expand and advance India's indigenous aerospace capabilities.