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Daily Current Affairs : 15-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT

  2. NASA: DISCOVERY PROGRAM INVESTIGATIONS

  3. KUNBI SAREE

  4. SyRI

  5. INS SHIVAJI

  6. ‘GADHIKA’

  7. INDIAN SCIENTISTS IN ANTARCTIC

  8. GROUP ON DEFENCE AND INTERNAL SECURITY- FINANCE COMMISSION


ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news?

Bottled drinking water in Kerala will henceforth cost Rs 13 a litre with the Left government deciding to bring packaged water under the ambit of the Essential Commodities Act with a view to regulate its price.


Highlights:

• One litre of bottled water presently costs Rs 20 in the state.

• "A notification on the new price-- Rs 13 per litre-- will be issued within two days.

• We have taken legal opinion on bringing bottled water under the category of essential commodities," he told PTI.

• Food and Civil Supplies Minister P Thilothaman said the government decided to regulate the price of bottled water after receiving widespread complaints from the public about its exorbitant price. ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT 1955

• Under the Essential Commodities Act 1955, the State Governments/UT Administrations have issued various control orders to regulate various aspects of trading in essential commodities such as food grains, edible oils, pulses, kerosene and sugar etc.

• The Central Government regularly monitors the action taken by State Governments/UT Administrations to implement the provisions of the Act.

• The Government is empowered to enlist any class of commodity as essential commodity as well as regulate or prohibit the production, supply, distribution, price and trade in any of these commodities for the following purposes :-

➢ Maintaining or increasing their supplies.

➢ Equitable distribution and availability at fair prices of the commodities concerned. ➢ Securing any essential commodity for the defence of India or the efficient conduct of

military operations.

➢ Essential Commodities in India have been declared in section 2 of Essential

Commodities Act, 1955. The essential commodities in India are as follows:

➢ Cattle fodder, including oilcakes and other concentrates.

➢ Coal, including coke and other derivatives.

➢ Components parts and accessories of automobiles.

➢ Cotton and woollen textiles.

➢ Foodstuffs, including edible oilseeds and oils.

➢ Iron and Steel, including manufactured products of Iron & Steel.

➢ Paper, including newsprint, paperboard and strawboard.

➢ Petroleum and Petroleum products. Etc.


Source: The Hindu


NASA: DISCOVERY PROGRAM INVESTIGATIONS

Part of GS- 3 S&T


Why in news?

NASA announced it has selected four Discovery Program investigations to develop concept studies for possible new missions.


Highlights:

• Two proposals are for trips to Venus, and one each is for Jupiter’s moon Io and Neptune’s moon Triton.

• After the concept studies are completed in nine months, some missions ultimately may not be chosen to move forward. Final selections will be made next year.

DAVINCI+: Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging Plus. This will analyse Venus’s atmosphere to understand how it was formed and evolved, and if it ever had an ocean. This will advance understanding of the formation of terrestrial planets.

IVO: Io Volcano Observer is a proposal to explore Jupiter’s moon Io, which is extremely volcanically active. This will try to find out how tidal forces shape planetary bodies. The findings could further knowledge about the formation and evolution of rocky, terrestrial bodies and icy ocean worlds in the Solar System.

TRIDENT: This aims to explore Neptune’s icy moon, Triton, so that scientists can understand the development of habitable worlds in the Solar System.

VERITAS: Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy will aim to map Venus’s surface to find out why Venus developed so differently from Earth.


Source: Indian Express


KUNBI SAREE

Part of GS- 1 Art And Culture


Why in news?

Renowned fashion designer Wendell Rodricks (59) died at his residence in Colvale village in Goa.


Highlights:

This Kunbi saree was originally worn by Kunbi and Gawda tribe women who were basically paddy field worker.

Traditionally, the Kunbi is a cotton checkered sari in red and white.

• The Kunbi saree is draped by tying in the fabric below the shoulder and a strip of cloth is crossed over the left shoulder and fastened on the back.

• This gives freedom to the Kunbi workers to carry on with their daily chores and hard field works.


About Wendell Rodricks:

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A Padma Shri awardee, Rodricks was also an author, environmentalist and gay rights activist.

• He was in the process of setting up a museum, Moda Goa Museum and Research Centre, which Rodricks had dedicated to clothes and fashion in Goa through the ages.

• As a designer he has been credited with reviving the Kunbi saree, worm by the indigenous Kunbi tribal women of Goa.


Source : Economic Times