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Daily Current Affairs : 09- Nov-2019

Major Topics Covered :


  1. CYCLONE BULBUL

  2. Steel Scrap Recycling Policy issued

  3. TENTH MEETING OF HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS OF MEMBER-STATES OF SCO

  4. MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO (MMR)

  5. RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL) FOR SKILL

  6. INTEGRATED CHECK POST (ICP)

  7. 30th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL

  8. NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION -2041

  9. ONLINE APPS BY INDIAN RAILWAYS



CYCLONE BULBUL

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news:


  • Cyclone Bulbul intensifies into very severe cyclonic storm; Triggers heavy rain in parts of Odisha, West Bengal


Highlights:


  • Cyclone Bulbul has intensified into a severe cyclonic storm triggering heavy rains in parts of Odisha and West Bengal.

  • Cyclone Bulbul is likely to make landfall between West Bengal and Bangladesh.

  • West Bengal is gearing up to deal with the severe cyclonic Storm Bulbul.

  • Coastal Districts - North and South 24 Paraganas and East and West Midnapur have been put on highs.



Source: AIR


STEEL SCRAP RECYCLING POLICY ISSUED

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news:


  • Ministry of Steel has issued the Steel Scrap Recycling Policy


The policy aims to achieve the following objectives:


  • To promote circular economy in the steel sector.

  • To promote a formal and scientific collection, dismantling and processing activities for end of life products that are sources of recyclable (ferrous, non- ferrous and other non-metallic) scraps which will lead to resource conservation and energy savings and setting up of an environmentally sound management system for handling ferrous scrap.

  • Processing and recycling of products in an organized, safe and environment friendly manner.

  • To evolve a responsive ecosystem by involving all stakeholders.

  • To produce high quality ferrous scrap for quality steel production thus minimizing the dependency on imports.

  • To decongest the Indian cities from ELVs and reuse of ferrous scrap.

  • To create a mechanism for treating waste streams and residues produced from dismantling and shredding facilities in compliance to Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016 issued by MoEF & CC.

  • To promote 6Rs principles of Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Redesign and Remanufacture through scientific handling, processing and disposal of all types of recyclable scraps including non-ferrous scraps, through authorized centers / facility.



Source: PIB


TENTH MEETING OF HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS OF MEMBER-STATES OF SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION, DEALING WITH PREVENTION AND ELIMINATION OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news:


  • The tenth SCO Meeting of the Heads of Departments of Member-States of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Dealing with Prevention and Elimination of Emergency Situations was held in New Delhi on 8th November, 2019.


Highlights:


  • Shri Shah, the Ministers and Heads of the Departments of Prevention and Elimination of Emergency Situations of SCO Member-States, the representatives of Diplomatic missions of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Republic of Tajikistan and the SCO Secretariat participated in this meeting.

  • The delegation heads delivered reports on the major emergencies that happened in the SCO Member-States and the conclusions they made from them.

  • They also exchanged opinions on future cooperation in Prevention and Elimination of Emergency Situations within the SCO framework.

  • Based on these reports, the parties agreed on the need to step up their joint efforts to strengthen cooperation and provide assistance in the field of Prevention of Emergency Situations and provide assistance.

  • They intend to continue to promote their interaction to implement the agreements reached within the framework of the organization.

  • The SCO Member-States appreciated the efforts of India for successful hosting of the Joint Urban Earthquake search & Rescue Exercise-2019 of SCO Member-States in New Delhi.

  • The parties expressed satisfaction with the results achieved and extended gratitude to India for the excellent organization of the meeting.



Source: PIB


MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO (MMR)

Part of GS-3 S&T Health


Why in news:


  • India has registered a 26.9 per cent reduction in Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) since 2013, according to the Sample Registration System Bulletin-2016 released on Thursday.

  • The decline in MMR has been from 77 to 72 per 100,000 live births among southern states and in the other states, from 93 to 90, it stated.

  • The ratio has declined from 167 in 2011-2013 to 130 in 2014-2016 and to 122 in 2015-17, registering a 6.15 per cent reduction since the last survey figures of 2014-2016.


Highlights:


  • The latest report Special Bulletin on MMR released by the Registrar General of India, Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India has declined by 8 points in one year.

  • The MMR has declined from 130/ lakh live births in 2014-16 to 122/ lakh live births in 2015-17 (6.2% decline).

  • The decline of MMR by 8 points in one year is important as it translates to nearly 2000 additional pregnant women saved annually.

  • With this persistent decline, India is on track to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target for reducing MMR by 2025, five years ahead of timeline of 2030.

  • 11 States have achieved the ambitious target of MMR of 100/lakh Live Births by 2020 set under the National Health Policy 2017.

  • These states are Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Telangana, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Karnataka and Haryana.

  • MMR varies among the Indian states from a high of 229 per lakh in Assam to a low of 42 in Kerala.



Source: The Economic Times


RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL) FOR SKILL

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news:


Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) announced and distributed Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) certificates to 500 candidates to boost their morale.

  • Skill India certifies 500 skilled candidates formally under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) for skill in footwear manufacturing in Agra;

  • Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey inaugurates ‘Meet at Agra 2019’; felicitates select cobblers from Agra with the Mochi Swabhimaan, a Mobile Work Shop for cobbler

  • About:

  • Certified candidates are trained and assessed on their skill set under the Recognition of prior Learning program of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) of MSDE.

  • RPL recognizes and certifies skills acquired through informal means, bringing about a major shift from un-organized sector to organized economy.

  • The RPL program of Skill India aims to certify the workforce as per the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) to rewards and enhance the value of skilled manpower.

  • The certification will mobilise quality workforce and will reduce employer dependence for recognition, particularly for women who form a large part of the workforce engaged in footwear making.



Source: PIB


INTEGRATED CHECK POST (ICP)

Part of GS- 3 Defence Security


Why in news:


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi shall inaugurate the Integrated Check Post of the Kartarpur Corridor at Dera Baba Nanak, Gurdaspur in Punjab on the 9th of November 2019.

  • The inauguration of the ICP check post would facilitate, Indian Piligrims to visit to Gurudwara Kartapur Sahib in Pakistan.

Highlights:


  • Facilities: ICPs house all regulatory agencies like Immigration, Customs, border security, etc. together with all support facilities like parking, warehousing, banking, hotels etc. in a single complex.

  • Objective: Rationale behind their establishment is to secure the country’s borders while facilitating legitimate trade and commerce.

  • Implementing agency: Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI).




Source : PIB


30th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL

Part of GS- 1 History


Why in news:

  • On 09-Nov Doodle celebrates the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, a peaceful revolution that signaled the simultaneous end of the Cold War and the beginning of German reunification.


Highlights:

  • The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.

  • The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.

  • The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, accompanied by a wide area that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses.

  • Construction of the Wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in 1961.

  • The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as protecting its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the people in building a socialist state in East Germany.

  • GDR authorities officially referred to the Berlin Wall as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame", in reference to the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement.

  • It came to symbolize physically the "Iron Curtain" that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

Fall of Berlin Wall:

  • In 1989, a series of revolutions in nearby Eastern Bloc countries- Poland and Hungary in particular- caused a chain reaction in East Germany that ultimately resulted in the demise of the Wall.

  • After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin.

  • The demolition of the Wall officially began on 13 June 1990 and was completed in November 1991. The "fall of the Berlin Wall" paved the way for German reunification, which formally took place on 3 October 1990.

Source: Google


NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION -2041

Part of GS- 2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?


  • The inaugural conclave “National Capital Region (NCR)-2041” with the theme “Planning for Tomorrow’s Greatest Capital Region” will be held in Delhi on 11th November 2019. The Conclave will be chaired by Secretary, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, Govt. of India.


Highlight:


  • The National Capital Region (NCR) is a distinct federal setup having the National Capital Territory of Delhi as its core.

  • It is a unique example of inter-state regional planning and development.

  • The NCR covers around 55,083 sq.kms. of area with around 60 million population.


The constituent areas of the National Capital Region are as under:


  • Entire National Capital Territory of Delhi

  • Haryana sub-region comprises of districts of Gurugram, Faridabad, Rohtak, Sonepat, Rewari, Jhajjar, Mewat, Palwal, Panipat, Mahendregarh, Jind, Karnal, Bhiwani and Charkhi Dadri.

  • Rajasthan sub-region comprises of districts of Alwar and Bharatpur.

  • Uttar Pradesh Sub-region comprises of districts of Gautam Buddha Nagar, Ghaziabad, Meerut, Bulandsahr, Baghpat, Hapur, Muzaffarnagar and Shamli.


National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) was constituted by the Act of Parliament in 1985, as a statutory body under the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, Govt. of India. It is tasked to evolve policies for the control of land-uses and development of infrastructure in the region so as to avoid any haphazard development.




Source: PIB


ONLINE APPS BY INDIAN RAILWAYS

Part of GS- 3 S&T,Economy


Why in news?


  • Indian Railways has launched three applications for all-India roll out to strengthen its IT-enabled services which will help ensure proper monitoring of projects being undertaken by Railways.

Highlights:


  • The applications, namely CRS Sanction Management System, Rail-road crossing GAD approval system and TMS for construction aim at beefing up IT-enabled services.


CRS Sanction Management System:

  • The CRS Sanction Management System is an important aspect in construction, maintenance and up-gradation of railway assets.

Rail-road crossing GAD approval system:

  • Rail-road crossing GAD approval system will expedite preparation, processing and approval of general agreement drawings related to the construction of Road Over Bridges and Road Under Bridges.

TMS for construction:

  • Application TMS for construction has been developed for new assets being constructed by the construction organization.

Source: PIB


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