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Daily Current Affairs : 11-April-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. G20 EXTRAORDINARY ENERGY MINISTERS MEETING

  2. PARLIAMENTARY PANEL TO STUDY LINKAGE BETWEEN CLIMATE CHANGE WITH PUBLIC HEALTH IN THE BACKDROP OF COVID – 19 SPREAD

  3. GANGA SHARK

  4. MRITYUNJAYA RIVER

  5. SHOULD GOOGLE PAY NEWS PUBLISHERS?

  6. AI FOR HEALTH

  7. FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES AS IMPORTANT AS RIGHTS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC : BOMBAY HC

  8. MEXICO POURS WATER ON SAUDI-RUSSIA DEAL TO END GLOBAL OIL PRICE WAR




G20 EXTRAORDINARY ENERGY MINISTERS MEETING

Why in news?

  • Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Steel, participated in the G20 Extraordinary Energy Ministers’ virtual Meeting on 10th April 2020.


Highlights:

  • The meeting was called by Saudi Arabia, in its capacity as the G20 Presidency, and chaired by Saudi Arabia Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz. The meeting was attended by Energy Ministers of G20 countries, guest countries and heads of international organizations including OPEC, IEA and IEF.

  • The G20 Energy Ministers’ focused on ways and means to ensure stable energy markets, which are affected due to demand reduction as result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing surplus production -related matters.

  • Shri Pradhan reiterated Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s call for G20 taking a human-centric approach for overcoming challenging hardships, especially for the vulnerable.

  • he Minister highlighted the decision of Hon’ble Prime Minister, under the aegis of the Ujjwala scheme, to provide 80.3 million poor families free LPG cylinders, as part of a 23 billion dollars relief package. He emphasized that India was, and will continue to be, the global energy demand centre. He also highlighted Government of India’s efforts to fill in our Strategic Petroleum Reserves.

  • Minister stated that India has always advocated for a stable oil market, which is reasonable for producers and affordable for consumers. 


Source : PIB ( https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1613093 )



PARLIAMENTARY PANEL TO STUDY LINKAGE BETWEEN CLIMATE CHANGE WITH PUBLIC HEALTH IN THE BACKDROP OF COVID – 19 SPREAD

Why in news?

  • In the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, a Parliamentary panel has sought suggestions from experts and stakeholders on linkages of environment and climate change with public health — an initiative which scientists found quite relevant at this juncture. 


Highlights:

  • The move was announced by chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science & Technology and Environment, Jairam Ramesh, on Friday. 

  • Experts and stakeholders can send their suggestions directly to the 31-member panel through email on its dedicated address at the Rajya Sabha portal. 

  • Calling it a “good initiative”, the ministry of earth sciences (MoES) secretary, Madhavan Rajeevan, said, “There is a good link between climate variability and public health and disease outbreaks.” 

  • As we recover from the COVID-19, we must also address longer-term risks like climate change by making people priority, listening to global perspectives and trusting experts


Source : Times of India ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/a-parliamentary-panel-steps-in-to-study-linkages-of-climate-change-with-public-health-in-the-backdrop-of-covid-19-spread/articleshow/75087058.cms )



GANGA SHARK

Why in news?

  • The rare species that went missing for over a decade was spotted on sale at a local fish market in Mumbai, in February 2016, an event that shocked scientists who were studying the animal.


Highlights:

  • The shark is endemic to India.

  • It inhabits the River Hooghly in West Bengal, as well as the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, and the Mahanadi.

  • It is amongst the 20 most threatened shark species and is listed as a Critically Endangered species in the IUCN Redlist. 

  • Unlike other members of this family, the eyes of the Ganges shark are tilted dorsally, instead of laterally or ventrally, indicating that it may swim along the river bed scanning the waters above for prey. 

  • Its sharp and slender teeth suggest that it is primarily a fish eater. It is often confused with the bull shark, which is known to attack humans. 

  • Its population has been steadily decreasing due to over fi shing, habitat degradation, increasing river utilisation, and building of dams. Its fin and jaws are in high demand in the international trade, and it is also fished by locals for its meat and oil.

  • The Ganges shark is a true river shark, which means it does not need salt water to survive. 


Source : Times of India (