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Daily Current Affairs : 11-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. CURTAIN RAISER – INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR CUM EXHIBITION ON NAVAL WEAPON SYSTEMS – NAVARMS-19

  2. THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019

  3. MHA LISTS MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TO PREVENT CRIME AGAINST WOMEN

  4. SC RAPS GOVT OVER DELAY IN JUDGES APPOINTMENT

  5. NSE LAUNCHES INTEREST RATE OPTION ON GOVT BONDS

  6. BRINGING ILP FOR MANIPUR, 3 NE STATES WILL BE OUT OF CAB

  7. GANDHI ENCYCLOPEDIA

  8. COMPULSORY CONVERTIBLE DEBENTURES BY CDPQ

  9. LANDMARK ‘THE RECYCLING OF SHIPS BILL, 2019’ PASSED IN PARLIAMENT TODAY



CURTAIN RAISER – INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR CUM EXHIBITION ON NAVAL WEAPON SYSTEMS – NAVARMS-19

Part of GS-3 Defence And Security


Why in news?

The fourth edition of International Seminar cum Exhibition on Naval Weapon Systems ‘NAVARMS-19’ with the theme “Make in India - Fight Category: Opportunities and Imperatives” is scheduled at Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis, Development Enclave, New Delhi on 12-13 Dec 19.


Highlights:

  • The two day event spread over five plenary sessions will provide opportunity for exchange of ideas, create awareness and identify emerging prospects for Indian/International defence industry in domain of Naval Weapon Systems.

  • NAVARMS is the only international seminar and exhibition on Naval Weapon Systems conducted in the country to invite all the stakeholders in life cycle management of Naval Weapons and provide a common platform to share their views and concerns.

  • The past three editions of NAVARMS organised in 2007, 2010 and 2013 have aroused much enthusiasm and active participation by the Industry, Ministry of Defence, DRDO and the users.

  • India’s quintessential maritime character and vital geo-strategic location are twin factors that have defined her growth as a nation and evolution as a civilisation. The Indian Navy today remains the principal manifestation of India’s maritime power and plays a central role in safeguarding and prompting her security and national interests in the maritime domain.

  • The Navy’s roles and responsibilities have also expanded significantly over the years in response to changing geo-economic and geo-strategic circumstances.

  • These initiatives are aimed at providing Indian Industries with opportunities in the domestic as well as global arena to enter into strategic partnerships with the foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and DRDO to harness avenues in technology intensive ‘Fight’ category.

  • The first session of ‘NAVARMS-19’ will set the stage for two day seminar with Indian Navy speakers bringing out ‘Opportunities for Industry in Naval Weapon Systems - 2030’ in all the three dimensions viz. surface, air & underwater.

  • The second session on ‘Needs and Concerns of the User and Industry’ would provide a platform to the users and the industry to bring out their respective needs and concerns with prevailing policies/issues as well as envisioned environment and seek views from all the stakeholders to bridge the gap between expectations of the user and capabilities of the industry.

  • The third session focuses on ‘Naval Weapon Systems - Modern Trends and Technology in Upgrade & Upkeep’. The fourth session is an interactive session of Panel Discussion on ‘Govt Policy Imperatives to Encourage Indigenisation’.

  • The last session on ‘Building of Indigenous Capability through Collaborative Approach between Industry, R&D organisations and IN’will provide a platform for industry, DRDO and the user to highlight the capability gaps existing in the system and way ahead to bridge them using modern technology, infrastructure augmentation, increased investment in R&D etc through collaborative approach.

  • To enable companies to gain maximum benefit from this platform, a parallel technology display in the form of Exhibition for two days is also being organized to demonstrate Industry’s capabilities to the key users.


Source: PIB


THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019

Part of GS-2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019, that seeks to give Indian nationality to non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan passed the lower House test on 9th December, 2019.


Highlights: Illegal migrants

  • The Citizenship Act, 1955 prohibits illegal migrants from acquiring Indian citizenship. The Bill amends the Act to provide that the following minority groups will not be treated as illegal migrants:

  • Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. However, to get this benefit, they must have also been exempted from the Foreigners Act, 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 by the central government.


Consequences of acquiring citizenship:


The Bill says that on acquiring citizenship:


(i) such persons shall be deemed to be citizens of India from the date of their entry into India, and


(ii) all legal proceedings against them in respect of their illegal migration or citizenship will be closed.


Exception:


Further, the Bill adds that the provisions on citizenship for illegal migrants will not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, or Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution.


These tribal areas include KarbiAnglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya),

Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District.


It will also not apply to the areas under the Inner Line” under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. The Inner Line Permit regulates visit of Indians to Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.


Citizenship by naturalization


The 1955 Act allows a person to apply for citizenship by naturalisation if he meets certain qualifications. One of these is that the person must have resided in India or served the central government for a certain period of time:


(i) for the 12 months immediately preceding the application for citizenship, and


(ii) for 11 of the 14 years preceding the 12-month period. For people belonging to the same six religions and three countries, the Bill relaxes the 11-year requirement to five years.


Cancellation of registration of Overseas Citizen of India cardholder


The 1955 Act provides that the central government may cancel registration of OCIs on certain grounds, Including:

  1. if the OCI had registered through fraud, or

  2. if within five years of registration, the OCI was sentenced to imprisonment for two years or more.

The Bill adds one more ground for cancelling registration, that is, if the OCI has violated any law in the country.


Source: PRS


MHA LISTS MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TO PREVENT CRIME AGAINST WOMEN

Part of GS-1 Social Issues


Why in news?


Union Minister of State for Home Affairs G Kishan Reddy said that women safety is a high priority for the government and several initiatives have been taken for the safety of women across the country.


In a written reply to a question regarding crime against women, the Minister listed various initiatives taken by the government for women's safety across the country.


Highlights:

  • "The Criminal Law (Amendment), Act 2013 was enacted for effective deterrence against sexual offenses. Further, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted to prescribe even more stringent penal provisions including the death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years. The Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months each," the minister said in his reply in Lok Sabha.

  • Speaking about another initiative,: "Emergency Response Support System' provides a pan-India, single, internationally recognized number (112) based system for all emergencies, with the computer-aided dispatch of field resources to the location of distress."

  • He also added that 'Safe City Projects' have been sanctioned in the f