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Daily Current Affairs : 11-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. GODAVARI AND KAVERI RIVER LINKING PROJECT

  2. WEB PORTAL FOR STAR RATING OF COAL MINES

  3. SuperCam

  4. INDIAN STUDENTS FOR PURSUING HIGHER STUDIES ABROAD

  5. STEEL IMPORTS

  6. 'E-CREDENTIALS/E-CERTIFICATES'- ESCS

  7. NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY (NDD)- MoHFW

  8. 1.36 CRORE INDIAN NATIONALS LIVING ABROAD


GODAVARI AND KAVERI RIVER LINKING PROJECT

Part of GS- 1 Geography


Why in news?

  • The draft Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Godavari (Inchampalli / Janampet) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link project consisting of 3 links viz., Godavari (Inchampalli/Janampet) - Krishna (Nagarjunasagar), Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) - Pennar (Somasila) and Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link projects has been completed by National Water Development Agency (NWDA) and sent to party States in March 2019.


Highlights:

  • Godavari River to Nagarjunsagar dam (through lifting) and further south for meeting the demands of Krishna, Pennar and Cauvery basins.

  • As per the draft DPR, the cost of the project has been estimated as Rs.60361 Crore at 2018-19 price level by NWDA.

  • The stage of implementation of a project would be reached after DPR is prepared with the consensus of concerned States and the requisite statutory clearances are obtained.

  • Pooling of resources is decided after completion of final DPR.


GODAVARI RIVER

  • The Godavari is the largest river system of the Peninsular India and is revered as Dakshina Ganga.

  • The Godavari basin extends over states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in addition to smaller parts in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Union territory of Puducherry (Yanam) having a total area of ~ 3 lakh Sq.km.

  • The basin is bounded by Satmala hills, the Ajanta range and the Mahadeo hills on the north, by the Eastern Ghats on the south and the east and by the Western Ghats on the west.

  • The Godavari River rises from Trimbakeshwar in the Nashik district of Maharashtra about 80 km from the Arabian Sea at an elevation of 1,067 m.

  • The total length of Godavari from its origin to outfall into the Bay of Bengal is 1,465 km.


TRIBUTARIES

  • The left bank tributaries are more in number and larger in size than the right bank tributaries.

  • The Manjra (724 km) is the only important right bank tributary. It joins the Godavari after passing through the Nizam Sagar.

  • Left Bank Tributaries: Dharna, Penganga, Wainganga, Wardha, Pranahita [conveying the combined waters of Penganga, the Wardha and Wainganga], Pench, Kanhan, Sabari, Indravati etc.

  • Right Bank Tributaries: Pravara, Mula, Manjra, Peddavagu, Maner etc.

  • Below Rajahmundry, the river divides itself into two main streams, the Gautami Godavari on the east and the Vashishta Godavari on the west and forms a large delta before it pours into the Bay of Bengal.

  • The delta of the Godavari is of lobate type with a round bulge and many distributaries.


CAUVERY RIVER

  • The Kaveri (Cauvery) is designated as the ‘Dakshina Ganga’ or ‘the Ganga of the South’.

  • The Cauvery River rises at an elevation of 1,341 m at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.

  • The total length of the river from origin to outfall is 800 km.

  • The Cauvery basin extends over states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Union Territory of Puducherry draining an area of 81 thousand Sq.km.


TRIBUTARIES

  • Left Bank: the Harangi, the Hemavati, the Shimsha and the Arkavati.

  • Right Bank: Lakshmantirtha, the Kabbani, the Suvarnavati, the Bhavani, the No