• Admin

Daily Current Affairs : 13-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. ISRO BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR SETTING UP THIRD ROCKET LAUNCHPAD

  2. INDIA DESIGN COUNCIL LAUNCHES TWO INITIATIVES TO PROMOTE DESIGN EDUCATION AND STANDARDS

  3. CONSTITUTION 126 BILL 2019 - PARLIAMENT PASSES BILL TO EXTEND SC-ST QUOTA IN LEGISLATURES

  4. SUBSTANCE ABUSE

  5. INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES CENTRES (IFSC) AUTHORITY BILL, 2019

  6. IBM GRAF

  7. V.S. SIRPURKAR COMMISSION

  8. LICYPRIYA KANGUJAM

  9. SOCIAL SECURITY AGREEMENTS (SSAs)

  10. RIVER POLLUTION



ISRO BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR SETTING UP THIRD ROCKET LAUNCHPAD

Part of GS-3 S&T


Why in news?

@isroIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has begun preparatory works for setting up a third rocket launchpad in the small coastal hamlet of Kulashekhrapattinam in the Thuthukudi district of Tamil Nadu.


Highlights:

  • The District Administration has appointed a Special Tehsildar along with eight more Tahsildars to speed up the process of land acquisition for the centre.

  • At present, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has two launch pads at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

  • The demand for additional launch pads has arisen as a result of the increase in the number of satellite launches from India, both for domestic and international customers.


ISRO says that it had launched as many as 17 missions in 2018 alone.


Recently, Union Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office, Dr Jitendra Singh had told in a written reply in Rajya Sabha that the government had a proposal to set up a rocket launching pad near Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu.


Source: AIR


INDIA DESIGN COUNCIL LAUNCHES TWO INITIATIVES TO PROMOTE DESIGN EDUCATION AND STANDARDS

Part of GS-3 Economy


Why in news?

Creative Manufacturing and Design Innovation Key Drivers in Make in India Initiative


Highlights:

  • The India Design Council (IDC) launched the Chartered Designs of India (CDI) and the Design Education Quality Mark (DEQM) in New Delhi.

  • These two initiatives of IDC and National Institute of design, Ahmedabad will help to address the 5 challenges of scale, quality of design, quality of education for design, raising the priority for design in industry and design for public purpose.

  • As Design Education gains momentum in India, it is necessary that commissioners of Design projects and designers are able to distinguish qualified professional designers as against hobbyists and non-professionals.

  • India has a growing design ecosystem that has resulted in growth both in employment of creative skills and impact in the service sector. Creative manufacturing and design innovation will be the key drivers in the Make in India initiative of 2020 and beyond and further strengthening the brand “designed in India”.

  • India Design Council is an autonomous body of the Government of India established under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

  • It is a national strategic body for multi-disciplinary design and is involved in promotion of design to make India a design enabled country.

  • It is mandated to implement the National Design Policy (NDP) adopted in 2007.

  • IDC is working with other government agencies, the design community, industry and educational institutions to promote design in business, society and public service.

  • The Quality Mark will help students to choose the right design programme from a wide choice, help prospective employers understand the standing of the design institute and communicate to the society about the adherence of Quality Code by the design institute.

  • The second initiative launched today of the CDI is envisaged as an institution that will establish and uphold the professional standards of design practice in India. The focus of CDI is the “Professional Designer” identified by a design qualification and or experience. CDI is a cohesive platform that adheres to the design practice to standards in professional design competence, ethics and service.

  • The Quality Code is the means to create this guiding framework. It has been based on the UK Quality Code for Higher Education published by the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education, UK (QAA).


Source: PIB

CONSTITUTION 126 BILL 2019 - PARLIAMENT PASSES BILL TO EXTEND SC-ST QUOTA IN LEGISLATURES

Part of GS-2 Polity and Constitution


Why in news?

Parliament has passed the Constitution 126 (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill 2019 with Rajya Sabha approving it.


Highlights:

  • The Upper House cleared the bill unanimously as all 163 present members voted in favour of the Bill.

  • The Bill has already been passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to extend the reservation for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies by another ten years till January 25, 2030.

  • Replying to discussion on the Bill, Law and Justice Minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad said, the government is not in favour of implementing creamy layer criteria in the reservation of SC-ST.

  • This section has faced discrimination and are extremely deprived and government’s stand has been cleared in the Supreme Court. He also said, the government is trying to set up all India Judicial Service and it is of the view to provide reservation to SCs and STs in it.

  • He said, NDA government has formulated several measures for the welfare of the SC-ST communities. He reiterated government commitment towards reservation of these communities saying the NDA regime is not going to make any changes in it.

  • The government acknowledges the contribution of Anglo-Indian communities in the field of education and armed forces.

  • The Minister said, the reservation in the legislature has empowered people from SC-ST communities and several prominent leaders of this section served the country in different capacities.

  • Intervening in the debate, Social Justice Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot said, the government has increased the allocation to SC-ST sub-plan to 76 thousand crore rupees which is more than the UPA regime.


Anglo Indians:


Cutting across the party lines, opposition parties supported the Bill but raised questions over the non-inclusion of Anglo-Indians from the ambit of it.


The Anglo-Indian community in India traces its origins to an official policy of the British East India Company to encourage marriages of its officers with local women.


The term Anglo-Indian first appeared in the Government of India Act, 1935.


Article 366(2) of the Constitution Of India states: “An Anglo-Indian means a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not established there for temporary purposes only…”


Provision for nomination of two Anglo-Indians to the Lok Sabha was made under Article 331 of the Constitution.


Article 333 of Constitution deals with the representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies.


The number of people who identified themselves as Anglo-Indian was 296, according to the 2011 Census.


Source: AIR


SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Part of GS- Health


Why in news?


The country has 30 lakh individuals in the age group 10-17 years who consume alcohol, with a prevalence of 1.3 per cent, according to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in response to a question in Parliament. The data was determined by a National Survey conducted in 2018 to collect state-wise data on the Extent and Pattern of Substance Use.


Highlights:

  • In the same age group, 20 lakh individuals use cannabis, a prevalence of 0.9 per cent, while 40 lakh users (1.8 per cent) use opioids.

  • Sedatives and inhalant users number 20 lakh (0.58 per cent) and 30 lakh (1.17 per cent) respectively.

  • Additionally, there are over 4 lakh Amphetamine-Type Stimulants (ATS) users (0.18 per cent), followed by 2 lakh cocaine users (0.06 per cent) and 2 lakh users of hallucinogens (0.07 per cent).

  • For individuals in the age-group 18-75 years, alcohol users number 15.1 crore (17.10 per cent). There are 2.9 crore cannabis users (3.30 per cent), 1.9 crore opioid users (2.1 per cent), 1.1 crore users of sedatives (1.21 per cent), 60 lakh users of inhalants (0.58 per cent), 20 lakh users each of ATS (0.18 per cent) and hallucinogens (0.13 per cent), and 10 lakh cocaine users (0.11 per cent).

  • These figures were determined by a National Survey conducted in 2018 to collect state-wise data on the Extent and Pattern of Substance Use.

  • In its response, the ministry said that it has formulated and is implementing a National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) for 2018-25.


Source: Indian Express


INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES CENTRES (IFSC) AUTHORITY BILL, 2019

Part of GS-3 Economy


Why in news?


The Lok Sabha passed the International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019.


An International Financial Services Centres (IFSC) provides jurisdiction for carrying out international financial services domestically.


Highlights:

  • Gujarat International Finance Tech-City (GIFT City) in Gandhinagar, Gujarat is the only functional IFSC in India as of now.

  • There is no limit on the number of IFSCs that can be set up. Other states can also seek nod for similar centres.

  • The Bill will apply to all IFSCs set up under the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.

  • The Bill sets up the International Financial Services Centres Authority.

  • It will consist of nine members, appointed by the central government.

  • Members will have a term of three years, subject to reappointment.

  • The bill seeks to establish a unified Authority to develop and regulate the financial services market in the IFSC’s in India.

  • Currently, multiple agencies are entrusted with regulating the specific market including the RBI, SEBI, IRDA and PFRDA.

  • Fourteen Central Acts would be amended including seven relating to the RBI, three each relating to the SEBI and the IRDA and one on the PFRDA.

  • The proposed authority will be subjected to the scrutiny of the CAG and the CVC.

  • The Central agencies like the CBI, the ED and the Prevention of Money Laundering Act-PMLA will have jurisdiction over the proposed authority.


Source : The Hindu


IBM GRAF

Part of GS-1 Geography


Why in news?

International technology company IBM plans to make IBM GRAF available in India so as to improve the accuracy of forecasts.


Highlights:

  • IBM Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System (IBM GRAF) is a high-precision, rapidly updating global weather model that updates hourly and at a 3km resolution to provide a clearer picture of weather activity around the globe.

  • IBM GRAF can generate forecasts at a resolution of 3 kilometres.

  • This is a significantly higher resolution than the 12-kilometre models used by the India Meteorological Department to generate forecasts.

  • For its forecasts, IBM relies on a global network of sensors - automatic weather station, data bouys and barometric pressure data from cell phones of users who’ve downloaded the application.

  • Weather forecasts will be available to individuals for free download and can be used by farmers.


Source : The Hindu


V.S. SIRPURKAR COMMISSION

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court has set up an inquiry commission led by its former judge, Justice V.S. Sirpurkar, to probe the circumstances of the police ‘encounter’ killing of four persons accused in the gang-rape and murder of a veterinarian in Hyderabad.

  • The four accused were taken to the scene of the crime around 60 km from Hyderabad in the early hours of December 6 for a re-construction of crime scene.

  • The Telangana government stuck to its version that the accused men surprised their police escort there, grabbed their guns and tried to kill the policemen to escape custody.

  • The commission will sit in Hyderabad and will complete investigation in 6 months

  • The apex court has, meanwhile, stayed the proceedings in the Telangana High Court and the NHRC into the incident.


Source : The Hindu


LICYPRIYA KANGUJAM

Part of GS-3 Environment


Why in news?

At the United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP-25 being held at Madrid, Spain, the eight-year-old environmental activist Licypriya Kangujam - known as Indian 'Greta' - urged global leaders to take immediate action to save the planet.


Highlights:

  • Licypriya Kangujam (born 2011) is a child environmental activist from Manipur.

  • In October 2019, Kangujam started the "Great October March 2019" at India Gate, New Delhi with nearly thousands of her supporters to enact the climate law in India.

  • Honours received in 2019.

  • "India Peace Prize" from International Youth committee at the World Youth Summit.

  • "World Children Peace Prize" from Global Peace Index - Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

  • “Rising Star” by Earth Day Network Headquarter based in Washington DC, USA.

  • Licypriya has come out with a symbolic device called SUKIFU (Survival Kit for the Future) to curb the air pollution.

  • SUKIFU, a wearable plant is almost a zero budget kit designed from trash to provide fresh air into our body when the pollution rate is high.


Source : The Hindu


SOCIAL SECURITY AGREEMENTS (SSAs)

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing the Agreement on Social Security between the India and Brazil.


Highlights:


India has been entering into bilateral Social Security Agreements (SSAs) with other countries in order to protect the interests of Indian professionals or skilled workers working abroad for short durations and enhance the competitiveness of Indian companies.


As on date, India has signed SSAs with 18 countries.


Benefits: Avoiding making of double social security contributions by the workers (detachment)

Easy remittance of benefits (Exportability)

Aggregating the contribution periods (in two countries) to prevent loss of benefits (Totalization).

Disability insurance benefits to the Indian nationals working abroad.


Source : Economic Times


RIVER POLLUTION

Part of GS-3 Environment


Why in news?

Central Water Commission (CWC) has published a report on river pollution by Heavy metals. The study was conducted from May 2014 to April 2018 and spanned 67 rivers in 20 river basins.


Highlights:

  • Samples taken from 65% of the water quality stations spanning India’s major rivers showed contamination by one or more heavy metals, exceeding safe limits set by the Bureau of Indian Standards.

  • The presence of metals in drinking water is to some extent unavoidable and certain metals, in trace amounts, required for good health.

  • However, when present above safe limits, they are associated with a range of slowly progressing physical, muscular, and neurological degenerative processes that mimic Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis.

  • Iron emerged as the most common contaminant with 156 of the sampled sites registering levels of the metal above safe limits.

  • The other major contaminants found in the samples were lead, nickel, chromium, cadmium and copper. None of the sites registered arsenic levels above the safe limit.

  • The main sources of heavy metal pollution are mining, milling, plating and surface finishing industries that discharge a variety of toxic metals into the environment.


Source : The Hindu

Join Telegram for Channel to receive daily pdf or Download pdf

Recent Posts

See All

Daily Current Affairs : 10-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered : MUKTOSHRI (IET 21845) MANDAMUS THWAITES GLACIER GURU RAVIDAS JAYANTI HELICOPTER SERVICES UNDER UDAN FLAGGED OFF BASMATI RICE EMERGENCY RESPONSE SANITATION UNITS (ERSUs) GENOME I

Free Resources

Preparing Mains 

UPSC Mock Test

Daily Reading

Join Us