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Daily Current Affairs : 13-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. ISRO BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR SETTING UP THIRD ROCKET LAUNCHPAD

  2. INDIA DESIGN COUNCIL LAUNCHES TWO INITIATIVES TO PROMOTE DESIGN EDUCATION AND STANDARDS

  3. CONSTITUTION 126 BILL 2019 - PARLIAMENT PASSES BILL TO EXTEND SC-ST QUOTA IN LEGISLATURES

  4. SUBSTANCE ABUSE

  5. INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES CENTRES (IFSC) AUTHORITY BILL, 2019

  6. IBM GRAF

  7. V.S. SIRPURKAR COMMISSION

  8. LICYPRIYA KANGUJAM

  9. SOCIAL SECURITY AGREEMENTS (SSAs)

  10. RIVER POLLUTION



ISRO BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR SETTING UP THIRD ROCKET LAUNCHPAD

Part of GS-3 S&T


Why in news?

@isroIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has begun preparatory works for setting up a third rocket launchpad in the small coastal hamlet of Kulashekhrapattinam in the Thuthukudi district of Tamil Nadu.


Highlights:

  • The District Administration has appointed a Special Tehsildar along with eight more Tahsildars to speed up the process of land acquisition for the centre.

  • At present, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has two launch pads at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

  • The demand for additional launch pads has arisen as a result of the increase in the number of satellite launches from India, both for domestic and international customers.


ISRO says that it had launched as many as 17 missions in 2018 alone.


Recently, Union Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office, Dr Jitendra Singh had told in a written reply in Rajya Sabha that the government had a proposal to set up a rocket launching pad near Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu.


Source: AIR


INDIA DESIGN COUNCIL LAUNCHES TWO INITIATIVES TO PROMOTE DESIGN EDUCATION AND STANDARDS

Part of GS-3 Economy


Why in news?

Creative Manufacturing and Design Innovation Key Drivers in Make in India Initiative


Highlights:

  • The India Design Council (IDC) launched the Chartered Designs of India (CDI) and the Design Education Quality Mark (DEQM) in New Delhi.

  • These two initiatives of IDC and National Institute of design, Ahmedabad will help to address the 5 challenges of scale, quality of design, quality of education for design, raising the priority for design in industry and design for public purpose.

  • As Design Education gains momentum in India, it is necessary that commissioners of Design projects and designers are able to distinguish qualified professional designers as against hobbyists and non-professionals.

  • India has a growing design ecosystem that has resulted in growth both in employment of creative skills and impact in the service sector. Creative manufacturing and design innovation will be the key drivers in the Make in India initiative of 2020 and beyond and further strengthening the brand “designed in India”.

  • India Design Council is an autonomous body of the Government of India established under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

  • It is a national strategic body for multi-disciplinary design and is involved in promotion of design to make India a design enabled country.

  • It is mandated to implement the National Design Policy (NDP) adopted in 2007.

  • IDC is working with other government agencies, the design community, industry and educational institutions to promote design in business, society and public service.

  • The Quality Mark will help students to choose the right design programme from a wide choice, help prospective employers understand the standing of the design institute and communicate to the society about the adherence of Quality Code by the design institute.

  • The second initiative launched today of the CDI is envisaged as an institution that will establish and uphold the professional standards of design practice in India. The focus of CDI is the “Professional Designer” identified by a design qualification and or experience. CDI is a cohesive platform that adheres to the design practice to standards in professional design competence, ethics and service.

  • The Quality Code is the means to create this guiding framework. It has been based on the UK Quality Code for Higher Education published by the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education, UK (QAA).


Source: PIB

CONSTITUTION 126 BILL 2019 - PARLIAMENT PASSES BILL TO EXTEND SC-ST QUOTA IN LEGISLATURES

Part of GS-2 Polity and Constitution


Why in news?

Parliament has passed the Constitution 126 (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth Amendment) Bill 2019 with Rajya Sabha approving it.


Highlights:

  • The Upper House cleared the bill unanimously as all 163 present members voted in favour of the Bill.

  • The Bill has already been passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to extend the reservation for SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies by another ten years till January 25, 2030.

  • Replying to discussion on the Bill, Law and Justice Minister, Ravi Shankar Prasad said, the government is not in favour of implementing creamy layer criteria in the reservation of SC-ST.

  • This section has faced discrimination and are extremely deprived and government’s stand has been cleared in the Supreme Court. He also said, the government is trying to set up all India Judicial Service and it is of the view to provide reservation to SCs and STs in it.

  • He said, NDA government has formulated several measures for the welfare of the SC-ST communities. He reiterated government commitment towards reservation of these communities saying the NDA regime is not going to make any changes in it.

  • The government acknowledges the contribution of Anglo-Indian communities in the field of education and armed forces.

  • The Minister said, the reservation in the legislature has empowered people from SC-ST communities and several prominent leaders of this section served the country in different capacities.

  • Intervening in the debate, Social Justice Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot said, the government has increased the allocation to SC-ST sub-plan to 76 thousand crore rupees which is more than the UPA regime.


Anglo Indians:


Cutting across the party lines, opposition parties supported the Bill but raised questions over the non-inclusion of Anglo-Indians from the ambit of it.


The Anglo-Indian community in India traces its origins to an official policy of the British East India Company to encourage marriages of its officers with local women.


The term Anglo-Indian first appeared in the Government of India Act, 1935.


Article 366(2) of the Constitution Of India states: “An Anglo-Indian means a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not established there for temporary purposes only…”


Provision for nomination of two Anglo-Indians to the Lok Sabha was made under Article 331 of the Constitution.


Article 333 of Constitution deals with the representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies.


The number of people who identified themselves as Anglo-Indian was 296, according to the 2011 Census.


Source: AIR


SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Part of GS- Health


Why in news?