• Admin

Daily Current Affairs : 13-Feb-2020

Updated: Feb 21, 2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. COVID-19

  2. QAnon

  3. INTEGRATED AIR DEFENCE WEAPON SYSTEM

  4. CLEANING OF DRAINS & SEPTIC TANKS- MANUAL SCAVENGING

  5. YARAVIRUS

  6. MEDICAL DEVICES (AMENDMENT) RULES, 2020

  7. KOTA RANI

  8. NO RIGHT TO DETAIN CHILDREN IN JAILS, LOCKUPS: SUPREME COURT

  9. NEW PAN-INDIA NEW UMBRELLA ENTITY (NUE)


COVID-19

Part of GS- Health


Why in news?

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) gave an official name to the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.


Highlights:

  • The disease will be called “COVID-19”; the “CO” stands for coronavirus, “VI” for virus and “D” for disease. The coronavirus itself is called “nCoV-2019”.

  • The death toll from the virus has now crossed 1,000 and the disease has infected tens of thousands of people, the majority of them in China.


WHO names what?

  • The WHO, in consultation with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has identified best practices for naming new human diseases.

These best practices apply to a new disease:

  • That is an infection, syndrome, or disease of humans;

  • That has never been recognised before in humans;

  • That has potential public health impact; and

  • Where no disease name is yet established in common usage

  • Names that are assigned by the WHO may or may not be approved by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) at a later stage.

  • The ICD, which is also managed by the WHO, provides a final standard name for each human disease according to standard guidelines that are aimed at reducing the negative impact from names while balancing science, communication and policy.


Source: Indian Express


QAnon

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?

  • A city council member in California took the dais and quoted from QAnon, a pro-Trump conspiracy theory about “deep state” traitors plotting against the president, concluding her remarks, “God bless Q.”


Highlights:

  • A man spouting QAnon beliefs about child sex trafficking swung a crowbar inside a historic Catholic chapel in Arizona, damaging the altar and then fleeing before being arrested.

  • And outside a Trump campaign rally in Florida, people in “Q” T-shirts stopped by a tent to hear outlandish tales of Democrats’ secretly torturing and killing children to extract a life-extending chemical from their blood.

  • QAnon is a far-right conspiracy theory detailing a supposed secret plot by an alleged "deep state" against U.S. President Donald Trump and his supporters.

  • The theory began with an October 2017 post on the anonymous imageboard 4chan by someone using the name Q, a presumably American individual that may have later grown to include multiple people.

  • "Q" is a reference to the top-secret Q clearance. QAnon believers commonly tag their social media posts with the hashtag #WWG1WGA, signifying the motto "where we go one, we go all."

  • What began online more than two years ago as an intricate, if baseless, conspiracy theory that quickly attracted thousands of followers has since found footholds in the offline world.

  • QAnon has surfaced in political campaigns, criminal cases, merchandising and at least one college class. Last month, hundreds of QAnon enthusiasts gathered in a Tampa, Fla., park to listen to speakers and pick up literature, and in England, a supporter of President Trump and the Brexit leader Nigel Farage raised a “Q” flag over a Cornish castle.


Source: Indian Express


INTEGRATED AIR DEFENCE WEAPON SYSTEM

Part of GS- 3 Defence & Security


Why in news?

  • The U.S. Department of State has approved the potential sale of a $1.867 billion Integrated Air Defence Weapon System (IADWS) to India.


Highlights:

  • The IADWS system includes radar, launchers, targeting, and guidance systems, advanced medium-range air-to-air missile (AMRAAM) and Stinger missiles, and related equipment and support.

  • The Integrated Air Defence Weapon System, also known as the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS), provides integrated air missile defence and is currently deployed around Washington, DC.

  • The potential sale, which is being processed via the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) route, is now before the U.S. Congress for consideration, with a 30-day window for Congress to raise any objections to the sale.


Source : The Hindu


CLEANING OF DRAINS & SEPTIC TANKS- MANUAL SCAVENGING

Part of GS- 1 Social issue


Why in news?

  • The number of people who died while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in the country increased by almost 62% from 68 in 2018 to 110 in 2019, according to a reply given by the Social Justice and Empowerment (SJE) Ministry to the Lok Sabha on 11th February, 2020.


Highlights:

  • SJE Minister of State Ramdas Athawale replied to the question asked by Bharatiya Janata Party MPs Anil Firojiya, Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya and Lallu Singh about the incidents of manual scavenging, which is banned under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.