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Daily Current Affairs : 13-Nov-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. PNEUMONIA, DIARRHOEA FALLING SHORT,

  2. FINDS GLOBAL STUDY

  3. INDIA, US TRI-SERVICES DISASTER RELIEF EXERCISE

  4. BOLIVIA

  5. BUSHEHR NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

  6. SURANGA BAWADI ON WORLD MONUMENT WATCH LIST

  7. THE WESTERN GHATS STILL HOME TO A RAINBOW OF BUTTERFLIES

  8. NATIONAL EDUCATION DAY

  9. MIHIR SHAH COMMITTEE- NATIONAL WATER POLICY

  10. PARLIAMENTARY PANEL REPORT OF CANCER PATIENTS


PNEUMONIA, DIARRHOEA FALLING SHORT, FINDS GLOBAL STUDY

Part of GS-3 S&T, Health


Why in news?

  • The 10th pneumonia and diarrhoea progress report card has found that health systems are falling short of ensuring the world’s most vulnerable children access to prevention and treatment services in the 23 countries that together account for 75% of global pneumonia and diarrhoea deaths in children under five.


Highlights:

  • The report card concludes that progress continues slowly and that the global community must increase investment and support countries in developing smart, sustainable strategies that close gaps and accelerate progress.

  • This report analyses how effectively countries are delivering 10 key interventions, including breastfeeding, vaccination, access to care, use of antibiotics, ORS, and zinc supplementation.

  • Globally, pneumonia and diarrhoea led to nearly one of every four deaths in children under five years of age in 2017.

  • Health systems are falling short of ensuring the world’s most vulnerable children access to prevention and treatment services in the 23 countries that together account for 75% of global pneumonia and diarrhoea deaths in children under five.

  • India accounts for a major portion of these deaths. Only half of the Indian children with diarrhoea receive ORS (oral rehydration solution) and 20% receive zinc supplementation — to help protect against, prevent and treat pneumonia and diarrhoea.

  • The report adds that 16 out of 23 countries assessed failed to meet the targets for any of 10 interventions to protect against and treat pneumonia and diarrhoea, as outlined in the World Health Organisation and UNICEF’s Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea.

  • Three of the 23 countries met the 90% target coverage rate for at least four vaccines, while one was able to attain 90% level of coverage for all four treatment measures.

  • Additional Information:

  • Additional reports from organisations like Save the Children and UNICEF have noted that, in 2017, the highest risk factors for child pneumonia death in India were: 53% caused by child wasting, 27% by outdoor air pollution, and 22% caused by indoor air pollution from solid fuels.

Source: The Hindu


INDIA, US TRI-SERVICES DISASTER RELIEF EXERCISE

Part of GS- 3 Disaster Management


Why in news?

  • The first tri-Service exercise between India and the US, which will largely focus on amphibious HADR (humanitarian relief and disaster relief) operations, will kick off along the eastern coast in the Bay of Bengal on 13th November 2019.


Highlights:

  • The exercise, whose name “Tiger Triumph” was announced by US President Donald Trump during the “Howdy Modi” event at Houston last month in October, will be held off Visakhapatnam and Kakinada till November 21.

  • India is fielding its amphibious warships, INS Jalashwa and INS Airavat, survey ship INS Sandhayak, Army troops from the 19 Madras and 7 Guards battalions, and MI-17 helicopters and rapid action medical teams (RAMT) from the IAF.

  • The US, in turn, has deployed its amphibious warship USS Germantown, along with troops from the 3rd Marine Division.

  • The exercise is aimed at developing interoperability for jointly conducting HADR operations, which is in consonance with the growing partnership between India and the US.



Source: TOI

BOLIVIA

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?

  • The President of Bolivia, Evo Morales, has resigned amid turmoil following his disputed re-election last month in Octover 2019. He has been in power for nearly 14 years. He left the post after losing the support of the army and the police.


Highlights:

  • He left the post after losing the support of the army and the police. The head of the army had called on him to go after protests over his election win. Auditors found irregularities with the poll but Evo Morales said he had been the victim of a coup.

  • The Vice-President, Alvaro Garcia Linera and Senate President Adriana Salvatierra, also resigned.

  • Bolivia has been rattled by weeks of anti-government protests following the reports of election fraud.


BOLIVIA

  • Bolivia is a landlocked country located in South America. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.

  • Alongside Paraguay, it is one of the only two landlocked countries in the Americas.

  • It is also the largest landlocked country in the Southern Hemisphere and the world's seventh largest landlocked country, after Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Chad, Niger, Mali and Ethiopia.

  • Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range.

  • The capital is Sucre, while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz.



Source: AIR


BUSHEHR NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news:

  • Iran and Russia inaugurated a new phase of construction for a second reactor at Iran's sole nuclear power plant in Bushehr on the Gulf coast.


Highlights:

  • Ali Akbar Salehi, head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran and Deputy chief of Russia's nuclear agency Rosatom, Alexander Lokshin, launched the new stage at a ceremony where concrete was poured for the reactor base.

  • The reactor is one of two officially under construction since 2017 at the Bushehr site.

  • The landmark 2015 nuclear deal Iransigned with six major powers, including Russia, placed restrictions on the sort of nuclear reactor Tehran could develop and its production of nuclear fuel.

  • However, the pact did not require Iran to halt its use of nuclear energy for power generation.

  • As part of the agreement, Moscow provides Tehran with the fuel it needs for its electricity-generating nuclear reactors.

Important