• Admin

Daily Current Affairs : 14-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. CRIMINAL HISTORY OF LOK SABHA, ASSEMBLY CANDIDATES

  2. FOSSIL FUEL AIR POLLUTION COST

  3. THE FUTURE OF EARTH, 2020

  4. JOINT 'AJEYA WARRIOR' EXERCISES IN THE SALISBURY PLAIN

  5. KONARK TEMPLE

  6. VIRUPAPURA GADDI

  7. APIARY ON WHEELS- KVIC

  8. USTR- REMOVED INDIA FROM ITS LIST OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

  9. R.K. PACHAURI- TERI CHIEF


CRIMINAL HISTORY OF LOK SABHA, ASSEMBLY CANDIDATES

Part of GS- 2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on 13th February, 2020 ordered political parties to publish the entire criminal history of their candidates for Assembly and Lok Sabha elections along with the reasons that goaded them to field suspected criminals over decent people.


Highlights:

  • The information should be published in a local as well as a national newspaper as well as the parties’ social media handles.

  • It should mandatorily be published either within 48 hours of the selection of candidates or less than two weeks before the first date for filing of nominations, whichever is earlier.

  • The judgment, ordered political parties to submit compliance reports with the Election Commission of India within 72 hours or risk contempt of court action.

  • The judgment is applicable to parties both at Central and State levels.

  • Information should be detailed:

  • The published information on the criminal antecedents of a candidate should be detailed and include the nature of their offences, charges framed against him, the court concerned, case number, etc.

  • A political party should explain to the public through their published material how the “qualifications or achievements or merit” of a candidate, charged with a crime, impressed it enough to cast aside the smear of his criminal background.


Source: The Hindu


FOSSIL FUEL AIR POLLUTION COST

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?

  • A new Greenpeace report has estimated the global cost of air pollution from fossil fuels at around $2.9 trillion per year, or $8 billion per day — 3.3% of the world’s GDP.



Highlights:

  • India is estimated to bear a cost of $150 billion, or 5.4% of the country’s GDP, which is the third-highest absolute cost from fossil fuel air pollution worldwide.

  • China and the US are estimated to bear the highest absolute costs from fossil fuel air pollution, respectively at $900 billion and $600 billion.

  • Globally, air pollution is estimated to cause 4.5 million premature deaths each year. This includes 3 million deaths attributable globally to PM2.5, which is one of the principal pollutants in northern Indian cities including Delhi.

  • Globally, PM2.5 is also estimated to cause the loss of 62.7 million years of life, 2.7 million emergency room visits due to asthma, 2 million preterm births and 1.75 billion work absences. The 2 million preterm births include 981,000 in India and over 350,000 in China.

  • Additionally, the report links approximately 350,000 new cases of child asthma in India to nitrogen dioxide, which is a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion. As a result of this, over 1.28 million more children in India live with asthma, which is linked to fossil fuel pollution.

  • Greenpeace mentions that many of the solutions to curb air pollution are also solutions to limit global temperatures from increasing beyond 1.5°C.


About Greenpeace:

  • Greenpeace was founded in 1971 by Irving Stowe and Dorothy Stowe, Canadian and US ex-pat environmental activists.

  • Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 55 countries and an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

  • A Greenpeace state its goal is to "ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity" and focuses its campaigning on worldwide issues such as climate change, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering, and anti-nuclear issues. It uses direct action, lobbying, research, and ecotag to achieve its goals.

  • The global organization does not accept funding from governments, corporations, or political parties, relying on three million individual supporters and foundation grants.


Source: Indian Express


THE FUTURE OF EARTH, 2020

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?

  • Five global risks that have the potential to impact and amplify one another in ways that may cascade to create global systemic crisis, have been listed by “The Future of Earth, 2020.”


Highlights:

  • The Future of Earth, 2020”, which was released here on Thursday by the South Asia Future Earth Regional Office, Divecha Centre for Climate Change, Indian Institute of Science.

  • The report was prepared with the aim of reducing carbon footprint and halting global warming below 2 degree Celsius by 2050.

  • The report, released by K. Kasturirangan, former Chairman, ISRO, lists failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation; extreme weather events; major biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse; food crises; and water crises, as the five global risks.