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Daily Current Affairs : 14-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. TWO ICGS COMMISSIONED- AT KOLKATA

  2. LOHRI, MAKAR SANKRANTI, PONGAL, BHOGALI BIHU, UTTARAYAN

  3. “TOP TEN FASTEST-GROWING CITIES” IN THE WORLD- Malappuram

  4. MANUAL SCAVENGING - NCSK

  5. NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR FINANCIAL INCLUSION (2024) - RBI

  6. ‘LEVELS AND TRENDS IN CHILD MORTALITY’ BY UN

  7. SOCIAL MEDIA POSTING IS A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT

  8. RIGHT TO OWN PRIVATE PROPERTY IS A- FR

  9. SULTAN QABOOS BIN SAID


TWO ICGS COMMISSIONED- AT KOLKATA

Why in news?

  • Two Indian Coast Guard Ships (ICGS) — Annie Besant and Amrit Kaur — were commissioned by Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar at Kolkata on 12th January, 2020.


Highlights:


Historical Scenario:


ICGS Annie Besant

  • ICGS Annie Besant was named in honour of Annie Besant, philanthropist, theosophist, prolific author and supporter of the Indian freedom struggle.

  • The ship will be based at Chennai under the operational and administrative control of the Commander, Coast Guard Region (East).


ICGS Amrit Kaur

  • ICGS Amrit Kaur derives the name from Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, who belonged to the ruling family of Kapurthala, Punjab.

  • She took active part in the ‘Salt Satyagraha’ and ‘Quit India Movement’, and served Independent India as its first Health Minister.

  • She worked towards uplift of the less privileged, the progress of women, and was a founder-member of All India Women’s Conference and founder-President of Indian Council for Child Welfare.

  • The ship will be based at Haldia under the operational and administrative control of the Commander, Coast Guard Region (North East).


Technology

  • ICGS Annie Besant and ICGS Amrit Kaur are fitted with state-of-the-art technology, navigation and communication equipment, sensors and machinery.

  • The ships are also equipped with Bofors 40/60 guns and 12.7 mm SRCGs (Stabilised Remote Controlled Gun) for enhancing the fighting efficiency of the ship.

  • The ships carry one RIB (Rigid Inflatable Boat) and a Gemini boat each for swift boarding and search and rescue operations.

  • ICGS Annie Besantis commanded by Commandant (JG) Sunny Deo while ICGS Amrit Kaur is commanded by Commandant (JG) Himanshu Mishra, the release added.


Source: PIB



LOHRI, MAKAR SANKRANTI, PONGAL, BHOGALI BIHU, UTTARAYAN

Part of GS- 1 A&C


Why in news?

  • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind has greeted his fellow citizens on the eve of the festivals of Lohri, Makar Sankranti Pongal, Bhogali Bihu, Uttarayan and Poush.


Highlights:

  • Makara Sankranti or Maghi, is a festival day in the Hindu calendar, dedicated to the deity Surya.

  • It is observed each year in January(14).

  • It marks the first day of the sun's transit into Makara (Capricorn), marking the end of the month with the winter solstice and the start of longer days.

  • Makar Sankranti is observed according to solar cycles.

  • It is held normally on the 14th of January, or a day before or after.

  • In certain regions celebrations can go on for even four days and vary a lot in the rituals.


New Year Festival across India

  • Makar Sankrant in Maharashtra

  • Makar Sankramana in Karnataka

  • Uttarayan in Gujarat

  • Sukaraat in Madhya Pradesh

  • Khichdi Parwa in parts of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.

  • Bhogali Bihu in Assam

  • Lohri in Punjab and Jammu

  • Maghi in Haryana and Himachal

  • Saen-kraat in Kashmir

  • Paush Parbon in Bengal

  • Pongal in Tamil Nadu


Source: PIB



“TOP TEN FASTEST-GROWING CITIES” IN THE WORLD- Malappuram

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news?

  • The list, based on data from the United Nations Population Division, appears unusual; this is because the total fertility rate (TFR, the number of children a woman is likely to have in the childbearing age of 15-49) in Kerala is 1.8 as per NITI Aayog data from 2016 — below the replacement rate of 2.1.


Highlights:

  • The Economist put Malappuram at the top of the “Top ten fastest-growing cities” in the world, based on “Total % change, 2015-20 forecast”.

  • Another Kerala city, Thrissur, is No. 13, and the capital Thiruvananthapuram is No. 33 on the UN list. Tiruppur in Tamil Nadu — which has an even lower TFR of 1.6 — is No. 30. Surat in Gujarat (TFR of 2.2) is No. 27.