• Admin

Daily Current Affairs : 14-Mar-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. SECOND COVID- 19 DEATH IN INDIA

  2. PSA REVOKED FOR FAROOQ ABDULLAH

  3. NPR EXERCISE

  4. WHEAT PRODUCTION

  5. SHORTAGE OF MASKS

  6. NATIONAL RECRUITMENT AGENCY (NRA) AND COMMON ELIGIBILITY TEST (CET)

  7. REGIONAL APPROACH AGAINST COVID

  8. PROTESTS IN THAILAND


SECOND COVID- 19 DEATH IN INDIA

Why in news?

  • India reported its second COVID-19 death on Friday, with a 68-year-old woman succumbing to the infection, while the number of positive cases touched 82.

Highlights:

There are 4 stages of transmission of the disease –

  • First stage – Imported cases : Cases relating to people who have travelled from outside.

  • Stage two – Transmission : Cases relating to people who came in contact with infected people who came from outside.

  • Stage three – Community transmission : Transmission of disease from one person to another.

  • Stage Four – Epidemic : Transmission turns into epidemic with widespread transmission.

  • India is at the second stage of transmission of disease.

  • As per experts at ICMR, The COVID 19 will behave similar to it did in China. India has a 30 day window to halt the beginning of community transmission. Community transmission happens when a patient who is not exposed to anyone known to be infected and has not travelled to countries in which the virus is circulating tests positive for infection.

Source : Hindu and Economic Times



PSA REVOKED FOR FAROOQ ABDULLAH

Why in news?

  • Farooq Abdullah who has been in detention for over seven months since the revoking of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution has been released by revoking his detention under Public Safety Act (PSA)

Highlights:

Features of PSA :

  1. Definition : Public Safety Act (PSA), 1978, of Jammu & Kashmir is an administrative detention law that allows detention of any individual for up to two years without a trial or charge.Conditions for arrestThe Public Safety Act allows for the arrest and detention of people without a warrant, specific charges, and often for an unspecified period of time.In some cases, the person can be informed about the reason of custody and he/she can file a case against the government for detention.Right to know of DetaineeThe detaining authority is not required to reveal any facts “which it considers being against the public interest to disclose”.TimeA person can be detained for upto 2 years when he/she acts in a manner prejudicial to the security of the state and upto 1 year when it is against public order.Issuing authorityA detention order under the PSA is issued either by the Divisional Commissioner or District Magistrate.Minimum age for detentionAfter the amendments of 2012, detention under 18 years of age is not allowed.Right to be heardAn individual detained under the PSA shall be produced before the magistrate within 24 hours.Advisory bodyThe Advisory Board is a non-judicial body established under Section 14 of the PSA to review detention orders and determine whether there is sufficient cause for detention.Members of Advisory BodyIt contains two members and a chairperson who are appointed by the government. They have 3 year tenure, extendable to 5 years.

Safeguards for Detention provided under Statute or Constitution :

  • Article 22 (a) : No person who is arrested will be detained in the custody without being informed. He will be communicated until he shall be denied the right to consult and to be defended by a legal practitioner of his choice.

  • Article 32 and 226 : It allows the judiciary to examine a case of arrest and issue the writ of “Habeas Corpus” for ensuring that no citizen is detained against law.

  • Under PSA : A person detained under the PSA shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours (article 22-b).

Source : Hindu and Multiple sources



NPR EXERCISE

Why in news?

  • The Delhi Assembly on Friday passed a resolution against the National Population Register (NPR) and the National Register of Citizens (NRC) at a special session.

Highlights :

Can state block implementation of NPR, NRC and CAA –

  • The subject matter lies under Entry 17 of List 1 under seventh schedule by which it is under the exclusive domain of Union government. Thus, state governments are duty bound to implement it and the law mandates the state government to provide the requisite manpower for conducting the NPR exercise. Still, it is near to impossible for the Centre to conduct it without States support. If the State continue to desist from the exercise then the Centre can take the states to Court under Article 131 of the Indian Constitution. However the larger question is of propriety where the whole structure of federalism falls if union and state act on brinkmanship.

NPR NRC Linkage –

  • NPR contains the data of both citizens and non-citizens.

  • NPR will collect 15 demographic details of each resident - name, date of birth, place of birth, address, relationship to head of household, sex, marital status, occupational activity, names of mother, father and spouse, nationality, educational qualification and duration of stay at current address and permanent address.

  • However, the new form will require every resident to provide additional data points - date and place of birth of parents, last place of residence, Permanent Account Number (PAN), Aadhaar (on a voluntary basis), voter ID card number, driving licence number and mobile number.

  • These additional information especially regarding the place of birth of parents will mean that the same data can be processed for NRIC.

  • This will mean that local registers of Indian citizens will be created from the NPR data and then opened for objections. Then all these local registers will be joined to create registers at district, state and national level.

  • Also, the Aadhar and NPR data will be collaborated and used for de-duplication of Aadhar data.

Source : Hindu and Multiple sources



WHEAT PRODUCTION

Why in news?

  • Widespread rain accompanied by hailstorm and strong winds have flattened wheat crop over one lakh hectares in Punjab with Fazilka district being the worst hit


Highlights:

Conditions required for Wheat production