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Daily Current Affairs : 14-Nov- 2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA'S OFFICE IS PUBLIC AUTHORITY UNDER RTI ACT: SC

  2. MOST WOMEN DON’T SEE POLITICS AS CAREER, FEEL MEN GET PREFERENCE

  3. GANJIFA CARDS

  4. RAJOANA GETS REPRIEVE FROM DEATH PENALTY

  5. SRI LANKA HAS CRIMINALISED MATCH-FIXING

  6. HOW THE BIG BANG MAY HAVE HAPPENED DECODED

  7. 6th WORLD CONGRESS ON RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL FINANCE

  8. INDIA INTERNATIONAL TRADE FAIR (IITF)

  9. IBC, RERA MAY NEED TWEAKING FOR BOOSTER SHOT TO TAKE EFFECT


CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA'S OFFICE IS PUBLIC AUTHORITY UNDER RTI ACT: SC

Part of Gs- Polity & Constitution


Why in news?

In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court has held that the office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) is a public authority under the Right to Information (RTI) Act.


Highlights:

  • The court, however, said that judicial independence has to be kept in mind while disclosing information in public interest.

  • A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice of India, Ranjan Gogoion 13th November, 2019, dismissed the appeal filed by the Central Public Information Officer and the Secretary-General of the apex court against the Delhi High Court's 2010 judgement.


RTI


About the RTI Act

  • The Right to Information Act, simply known as RTI, is a revolutionary act that aims to promote transparency in government institutions in India.

  • The Act came into existence in 2005, after sustained efforts of anti-corruption activists.

  • It opens government organizations up for scrutiny as a common man can demand any government agency to furnish information.

  • The organization has to provide the asked information within 30 days.

  • All the constitutional authorities come under this Act, making it one of the most powerful laws of the country.


Successes of RTI


  • A number of significant disclosures have been made through the RTI such as the 2G scam, Commonwealth Games and so on.

  • It also led to the demand for several other important rights like the right to employment guarantee, the right to education and the right to food security.

  • The RTI has had the effect of loosening the tight hold of the government and its officials on both the information and instrumentalities of the state.


Problems the RTI is facing


  • Long pendency in most information commissions, some even for a year or more have hampered the successful implementation of the Act.

  • In many cases, errant government officials were not penalized which also contributes to decreasing of confidence in people regarding the Act

  • The appointment of information commissioners in the states has not been up to the mark which seriously undermined the citizen’s trust in information commissions.

  • The absence of enforcement provisions in the law has made the information commissions inefficient.


  • Poor record-keeping makes retrieval of information difficult.

  • The civil service’s indifference and hostility towards the RTI have not subsided.

  • The civil society’s enthusiasm for the RTI has declined.

  • Many individuals have started to use RTI to make a living or settle personal scores, giving it a bad reputation.

  • Failure to digitize records and make proactive disclosure of their information is the ultimate nail in the coffin.


The Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019