• Admin

Daily Current Affairs : 16-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. COMMISSIONERATE SYSTEM OF POLICE

  2. BLUE FLAG

  3. HENLEY PASSPORT INDEX: INDIA RANKED 84TH IN THE WORLD

  4. FIELD MARSHAL KODANDERA M CARIAPPA

  5. HALLMARKING FOR GOLD

  6. WHAT IS A SINKHOLE?

  7. ARTICLE 131

  8. MICHAEL PATRA



COMMISSIONERATE SYSTEM OF POLICE

Defence & Security


Why in news?

  • The Uttar Pradesh Cabinet on Monday approved the commissionerate system of policing for state capital Lucknow, and Noida.


Highlights:

  • The system gives more responsibilities, including magisterial powers, to IPS officers of Inspector General of Police (IG) rank posted as commissioners. Depending on its success here, the policing system may gradually be implemented in other districts as well.

  • As per the Police Act of 1861, the system is to be implemented in cities with more than 10 lakh population.

  • Almost all states barring Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, UT of J&K, and some Northeastern states have a commissionerate system.

  • The British brought the system first in Kolkata.


What is police commissionerate system?

  • Under the 7th Schedule of the Constitution, ‘Police’ is under the State list, meaning individual states typically legislate and exercise control over this subject. In the arrangement in force at the district level, a ‘dual system’ of control exists, in which the Superintendent of Police (SP) has to work with the District Magistrate (DM) for supervising police administration.

  • At the metropolitan level, many states have replaced the dual system with the commissionerate system, as it is supposed to allow for faster decision-making to solve complex urban-centric issues.

  • In the commissionerate system, the Commissioner of Police (CP) is the head of a unified police command structure, is responsible for the force in the city, and is accountable to the state government.

  • The office also has magisterial powers, including those related to regulation, control, and licensing.

  • The CP is drawn from the Deputy Inspector General rank or above, and is assisted by Special/Joint/Additional/Deputy Commissioners.


Source : Indian Express



BLUE FLAG

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has identified 13 beaches across the country for the Blue Flag certification.


Highlights:

  • In January, 2020, the Centre issued an Extraordinary Gazette Notification declaring a list of activities and facilities that would be permissible in the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) areas of certain beaches, which have been identified for obtaining the ‘Blue Flag’ certification.

  • In July 2019, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) had identified 13 beaches across the country for the Blue Flag certification, and announced a list of activities that would be permissible in their respective CRZ zones for that purpose.

  • The new notification issued on January 9 contains a bigger list, and supersedes the previous notification.


What is ‘Blue Flag’ certification?

  • The ‘Blue Flag’ is a certification that can be obtained by a beach, marina, or sustainable boating tourism operator, and serves as an eco-label.

  • The certification is awarded by the Denmark-based non-profit Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE), which sets stringent environmental, educational, safety-related and access-related criteria that applicants must meet and maintain. It is awarded annually to beaches and marinas in FEE member countries.

  • The world-renowned certification is known as an indication of high environmental and quality standards.

  • Forty-seven countries currently participate in the program, and 4,573 beaches, marinas, and boats have this certification.


In its July 2019 notification, the Environment Ministry identified the following beaches in India for Blue Flag certification:

  • Shivrajpur (Devbhumi Dwarka, Gujarat),

  • Bhogave (Sindhudurg, Maharashtra),

  • Ghoghla (Diu, Daman and Diu),

  • Miramar (Panjim, Goa),

  • Kasarkod (Karwar, Karnataka),

  • Padubidri (Udupi, Karnataka),

  • Kappad (Kozhikode, Kerala),

  • Eden (Puducherry),

  • Mahabalipuram (Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu),

  • Rushikonda (Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh),

  • Golden (Puri, Odisha), and

  • Radhanagar (Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar)


What activities does the new notification permit?

  • According to the latest notification, the following activities and facilities would be permitted in the CRZ of the beaches, including Islands, subject to maintaining a minimum distance of 10 meters from the High Tide Line (HTL):

  • Portable toilet blocks, change rooms and shower panels;

  • Grey water treatment plant;

  • Solid waste management plant;

  • Solar power plant;

  • Purified drinking water facility;

  • Beach access pathways;

  • Landscaping lighting;

  • Seating benches and sit-out umbrellas;

  • Outdoor play / fitness equipment;

  • CCTV surveillance and control room;

  • First aid station;

  • Cloak room facility;

  • Safety watch towers and beach safety equipment;

  • Beach layout, environment information boards and other signages;

  • Fencing, preferably vegetative;

  • Parking facilities;

  • Entry gate, tourist facilitation centre; and

  • Other associated facilities or infrastructure, as per requirements of Blue Flag Certification.

  • The notification also said that these activities and facilities would be exempt from prior clearance under the provisions of CRZ Notification, Island Protection Zone Notification and Island Coastal Regulation Zone Notifications respectively.


Source: Indian Express



HENLEY PASSPORT INDEX: INDIA RANKED 84TH IN THE WORLD

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?