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Daily Current Affairs : 17-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :

1. ISRO to launch an unprecedented 10 earth imaging satellites

2. Bio-Asia summit Hyderabad

3. United Nations Bio Diversity Summit to discuss threats to Migratory Species from Infrastructural Development(CMS-COP 13)

4. India and Norway to work towards mitigating marine plastic littering

5. Mukurthi National Park.

6. RBI Syncs Financial Year With Fiscal Year

1. ISRO to launch an unprecedented 10 earth imaging satellites

Why in news?

According to ISRO annual statement, it will launch 10 earth observation (EO) satellites during 2020- 21. Such a pre-ponderence of the EO launches is unprecedented and includes new categories such as the first Geo Imaging Satellite, GISAT-1.

Geo Imaging Satellite

GISAT 1 (GEO Imaging Satellite) is an Indian earth observing satellite operating from geostationary orbit to facilitate continuous observation of Indian sub-continent, quick monitoring of natural hazards and disaster.

• GISAT carries an imaging payload consisting of of multi-spectral (visible, near infra-red and thermal), multi-resolution from 50 m to 1.5 km. It will provide pictures of the area of interest on near real time basis including border areas.

• GISAT will provide near real time pictures of large areas of the country, under cloud free conditions, at frequent intervals. That is, selected Sector-wise image every 5 minutes and entire Indian landmass image every 30 minutes at 50 m spatial resolution.

• GISAT-1 that is apparently fixed over the subcontinent at an orbit 36,000 km high, the space agency plans to launch a new series of high resolution HRSATs as a threesome on a single PSLV launcher.

• The EO sats are ostensibly for benign uses such as land and agriculture watch. But their images also have a very important use for the military, for keeping an eye on the borders. o The satellites such as RISATs, which carry a synthetic aperture radar on them,

provide all-weather, 24-hour information to security agencies.

2. Bio-Asia Summit Hyderabad

Why in news?

The Government of Telangana is hosting Bio-Asia Summit 2020 in Hyderabad between February 17, 2020 and February 19, 2020. The main objective of the summit is to explore the capabilities of Life Science Companies and their investments.

Biotechnology In India

• India is the third largest biotechnology destination in Asia Pacic. There are more than 523 USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) approved Indian owned plants spread all over the world. This is the second highest in the world.

• Also, India is the largest supplier of BCG, DPT and measles vaccines. In 2018, the value of biotechnology industry was 51 billion USD. It is currently growing at the rate of 14.7% every year.

The importance of summit for India

• India is to become the most populous country in the world by 2030. The growing burden of diseases in the country is increasing rapidly. GoI is planning on 200 billion USD infrastructure in the next decade. The National Biopharma Mission will require strong workforce.

National Biopharma Mission

• The National Biopharma mission was launched in 2017 by the Ministry of Science and Technology with the assistance of World Bank. The mission estimated 250 million USD of investment in the field.

3. United Nations Bio Diversity Summit to discuss threats to Migratory Species from Infrastructural Development(CMS-COP 13)

Why in News

India is hosting the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) from 17th to 22nd February, 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.

• The theme of CMS COP-13 is ‘Migratory species connect the planet and we welcome them home’.

• The mascot for CMS COP-13 is ‘Gibi The Great Indian Bustard’. It is a critically endangered species (according to the IUCN) and has been accorded the highest protection status (listed in Schedule I) under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Key facts

• The Conference will consider the need for implementation of guidance tools that will mitigate the impacts of infrastructure on migratory species. So far, the infrastructural threats to large mammals was governed by the Central Asian Mammals Initiat