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Daily Current Affairs : 18-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :


1. Rare Earth metals and Lithium reserve Found

2. E-MASHIA

3. 3rd Global Conference on Road Safety

4. SUTRA-PIC?

5. India Portugal relations


1. Rare Earth Metals and Lithium Reserves Found

Why in news?

The researchers at the India’s Atomic Energy Commission have found Lithium Reserves of 14,100 tonnes in Mandya. Mandya is 100 km away from Bengaluru, Karnataka. Being a very rare metal Lithium is mainly used in manufacturing batteries for electric vehicles.


Important Facts

• The reserves found is very little as compared to the world’s leading producers of Lithium. Of the major The researchers at the India’s Atomic Energy Commission have found Lithium Reserves of 14,100 tonnes in Mandya. Mandya is 100 km away from Bengaluru, Karnataka. Being a very rare metal Lithium is mainly used in manufacturing batteries for electric vehicles.

• The reserves found is very little as compared to the world’s leading producers of Lithium. Of the major producers Chile produces 8.6 million tonnes, Australia produces 2.8 million tonnes and 1.7 million tonnes in Argentina. India’s Scenario Currently, India imports 1.2 billion USD worth lithium batteries (2019). This has increased significantly. In 2017, India imported 384 million USD worth lithium batteries.


Constraints

• Though India has very little reserves of Lithium and are spread in different places, they can be of significant use. But these reserves are not yet mapped. These reserves can be of good help to promote the clean-energy wave in India. GoI is on the path of implementing 1.4 billion USD plan to make India a manufacturing hub of electric vehicles.


Li-ion batteries

• A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery is a type of rechargeable battery.

• Li-ion batteries use an intercalated (Intercalation is the reversible inclusion or insertion of a molecule into materials with layered structures) lithium compound as one electrode material, compared to the metallic lithium used in a non-rechargeable lithium battery.

Lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.

• They are one of the most popular types of rechargeable batteries used for military, battery electric vehicle and aerospace applications.


National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage

• National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage aims to promote clean, connected, shared, sustainable and holistic mobility initiatives.

• A Phased Manufacturing Program (PMP) will be launched to localize production across the entire EV value chain which will be valid for 5 years until 2024.

• The multi-disciplinary programme with an Inter-Ministerial Steering Committee will be chaired by CEO NITI Aayog.

The battery consists of electrolyte, which allows for ionic movement, and the two electrodes are the constituent components of a lithium-ion battery cell.

• The details of the value addition that can be achieved with each phase of localization will be finalized by the Mission with a clear Make in India strategy for the electric vehicle components as well as battery.

• The Mission will coordinate with key stakeholders in Ministries/ Departments and the states to integrate various initiatives to transform mobility in India.


2. E-MASHIA

Why in News?

Recently, the Ministry of Minority Affairs has informed that India has made the Haj 2020 process completely digital.


Key Facts

• India has become the first country in the world which has made the entire Haj 2020 process 100% digital.

• The online facilities include application procedure, E-Visa, Haj mobile app, “E- MASIHA” health facility and “E-luggage pre-tagging” providing all information in India itself regarding accommodation/transportation in Makkah-Madinah, Saudi Arabia. o E-MASIHA (E-Medical Assistance System for Indian Pilgrims Abroad) is an

online system to create and maintain the complete health database of Indian pilgrims. o It also provides doctors’ prescriptions, medical treatment as well as

medicine disbursals, and has been developed to deal with any emergency in Makkah-Madinah.


3. 3rd global Conference on Road Safety

Why in news ?

In Stockholm, Sweden Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari represented India at the 3 rd global Conference on Road safety


Important facts

• The conference was held in collaboration with WHO and World Bank.

• The conference aims at renewing the commitment of the world community towards road safety.

• The participated leaders will prepare ways to achieve UN Decade of Action of reducing road crashes by 2030.


The Decade of Action

• The United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety was proclaimed in March 2010 for the decade 2011-20.

o The plan included 4 pillars as follows To strengthen institutional Capacity To

improve road safety for pedestrians, motorcyclists and bicyclists. o To widely use crash avoidance technologies such as anti-lock braking system

and electronic stability control. o To encourage and develop adoption of road safety such as seat-belt wearing,

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