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Daily Current Affairs : 1-Nov-2019

Major Topic Covered :

  1. EXCAVATION BY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA IN GOTTIPROLU

  2. FIRST LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF UNION TERRITORY OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR

  3. SPYWARE PEGASUS

  4. 15 POINT REFORM CHARTER FOR BETTER FUNCTIONING OF PARLIAMENT

  5. INDIA AMONG TOP NATIONS WITH MOST CONDUCIVE ENVIRONMENT FOR FINANCIAL INCLUSION

  6. AFRICAN SWINE FEVER


EXCAVATION BY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA IN GOTTIPROLU

It include in GS- 1(History, Art & Culture)


Why in news?

  • The 1st phase of excavation by a team of Archaeological Survey of India’s Excavation Branch – VI, Bangalore at Gottiprolu near Naidupeta in Nellore (now renamed as Sri Potti Sri Ramulu) district, Andhra Pradesh has discovered the remains of a huge settlement surrounded by a massive brick enclosure.


Highlights:

  • The site of Gottiprolu lies on the right bank of a distributary of river Swarnamukhi about seventeen kilometers east of Naidupet and eighty kilometers from Tirupati and Nellore.

  • An early historic settlement surrounded by a fortification and the possibility of a moat encircling it.


Fortification:

  • The fortification is very much clear on the eastern and southern sides of the mound while its other arm seems to have been levelled as a result of modern settlements.


Bricks structure:

  • The excavations carried out in the already levelledarea revealed elliptical, circular and rectangular brick structures.

  • Southern part of the mound,this structure is of baked bricks and exposed to a length of more than 75 meters with an average width of about 3.40 meters, which rise to a height of nearly 2 meters and runs in a curvilinear pattern towards the northern end of the mound.

  • The available brick sizes (43 - 48 cm) are comparable with the Satavahana / Ikshvaku period structures in Krishna valley i.e. Amaravati and Nagarjunakonda.

  • On the basis of the brick size and associated findings they can be placed anywhere between 2nd–1st century BCE or little later (nearly 2000 years old).


Vishnu Sculpture:

  • The discovery of a buried Vishnu sculpture from the western part of the village.It displays a four-armed Vishnu standing over a pedestal carrying chakra and conch in his upper right and left hands respectively.

  • The lower right is in bestowing boon and the left hand in katihastha (resting on the hip) posture.

  • The iconographical feature like the elaborate head gear, thick holy thread and decorative drapery dates it to Pallava period (circa 8th cent. CE).


Terracotta:

  • Other interesting antiquity retrieved is the molded female terracotta figurinewith two hands lifted upwards.

  • Interesting pottery finds are the base of conical jars placed at the eastern side of the structure. Such conical jars are widely distributed in Tamil Nadu and considered to be imitated variety of Roman Amphorae jars.


Pottery:

  • Other major retrieved antiquities unearthed are copper and lead coins, iron spear head, stone Celts, terracotta beads, ear stud in semi-precious stone and hopscotches.

  • The ceramic assemblage of the site consisted of fine quality black and red ware collected from the lower levels, conical jars, rouletted sherds, russet coated ware etc.

  • The extensively used goblet shaped ware indicates the typical table ware associated with the site.


Drainage pattern:

  • The drainage system pattern is understood by the exposed remains of the drainage at the site.


Period:

  • The findings of assorted stone tools of Palaeolithic and Neolithicperiods from secondary contexts suggest that prehistoric people also occupied this area. Further studies are being carried out through geological, chemical analysis of the site/samples.


Trade:

  • These settlements could have been an important trade centre as indicated by the presence of imitated amphorae wares that were mostly used to transport liquid commodities.

  • The proximity of the site to the seacoast suggests that the site could have served as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade. Further research will reveal interesting facts about the site as trade centre.

Temple Structure:

  • Explorations conducted in and around Gottiprolu within a radius of 15 kilometers revealed important vestigesviz., fortified early historic settlement at Puduru, Sunbrahmanya temple at Mallam, unique rock cut laterite stepped well at Yakasiri, Vishnu temple at Tirumuru.

  • Further the entire seacoast on the east is dotted with various forms of antiquarian remains extending from Tamil Nadu and culturally linked with each other.

Fortification of Town:

  • The two fortified townships within the gap of 15kms during early historic timesindicates the significant strategic location was preferred by the early historic people for trade in the region keeping in view of proximity of the sea, River and Lake (Pulicat).

Source: PIB




FIRST LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF UNION TERRITORY OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR

It include in GS- 2 (Polity and Constitution)


Why in news?

  • Shri Girish Chandra Murmu took oath as the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir on 31st October.


Highlights:

  • He was administered the Oath of Office and Secrecy by Justice Gita Mittal, Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High Court, at a function held at the Raj Bhavan.

  • Shri B.V.R. Subrahmanyam, Chief Secretary, read the Warrant of Appointment.


Other important information: