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Daily Current Affairs : 2-Dec-2019

Major Topic Covered :

  1. JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE SURYA KIRAN

  2. NEW SNAKE SPECIES FOUND IN ARUNACHAL

  3. JNANPITH AWARD

  4. DEFENCE ACQUISITION COUNCIL

  5. WORLD AIDS DAY- 1ST OF DECEMBER

  6. FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

  7. 20TH EDITION OF HORNBILL FESTIVAL BEGINS IN NAGALAND

  8. NATIONAL AWARDS FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES FOR THE YEAR 2019

  9. GANGETIC DOLPHINS

  10. OPERATION ‘CLEAN ART’- THE MONGOOSE HAIR BRUSH TRADE CLOSED DOWN



JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE SURYA KIRAN

Part of GS- 3 Defence and Security


Why in news?

Joint military exercise ‘SURYA KIRAN – XIV’ between India and Nepal will be conducted at Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal from 03 to 16 December 2019.


Highlights:


The exercise will comprise of 300 soldiers from both Indian and Nepal Army who would be sharing their experience in conduct of various counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations as also various humanitarian assistance missions by both the Armies.


The joint military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation which will further foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.


Exercise SURYA KIRAN - XIV is an annual event which is conducted alternatively in Nepal and India. Notably, in the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries.


Exercise SURYA KIRAN with Nepal is an important exercise in terms of the security challenges faced by both the nations in the realm of changing facets of global terrorism.


The aim of this exercise is to conduct a Battalion level combined training between Indian Army and Nepal Army to increase interoperability in jungle warfare and counter terrorist operations in mountainous terrain, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, medical and environmental conservation including aviation aspects.


Source: PIB


NEW SNAKE SPECIES FOUND IN ARUNACHAL

Part of GS- 3 Ecology and Biodiversity


Why in news?

Researchers have discovered a new species of non-venomous burrowing snake in Arunachal Pradesh, named Trachischiumapteii.


Highlights:


It was found under fallen logs inside a thickly forested area of the Tally Valley Wildlife Sanctuary near the town of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh during a field expedition by researchers in July 2019.


“Three specimens of the new species were found in field that helped diagnose the new species,” states the paper published by three researchers - Harshal Bhonsle, GaurangGowande and Zeeshan Mirza - in the international science journal Comptes Rendus Biologies.


Trachischiumapteii was named so to honour the contribution of Deepak Apte, well-known marine biologist and Director of the BNHS.


Trachischium species are commonly called slender snakes, and are currently known by seven species that are distributed across the Himalayas, and the Indo-Burma and Indo-China regions.


Morphologically, the snake is distinguished by smooth and dorsal scales arranged in 15 rows throughout the body.


The dorsal colour of the holotype is dark brown to black with faint dorsal longitudinal lines.


Large-sized members of the genus measure about 293 mm to 299 mm (measuring less than a foot, that is 300 mm or 30 cm).


Source: The Hindu


JNANPITH AWARD

Part of GS- Award


Why in news?

Eminent Malayalam poet Akkitham has been chosen for the 55th Jnanpith Award, according to an announcement by the Jnanpith Selection Board on 29th November, 2019.


Highlights:

Akkitham has authored 55 books out of which 45 are collections of poems including Khanda Kavyas, Katha Kavyas, Charitha Kavyas and songs.


Some of his celebrated creations include Veeravadam, Balidarsanam, Nimisha Kshethram, Amrita Khatika, AkkithamKavithaka, Epic of Twentieth Century and Antimahakalam. His works have also been translated into many Indian and foreign languages.


A Padma Shri awardee, he has won several literary accolades including the Sahitya Akademi Award (1973), Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award (1972 and 1988), Mathrubhumi Award, Vayalar Award and Kabir Samman.


About Jnanpith Award:


It is given by BharatiyaJnanpith, a literary and research organization based in Delhi.


It is given annually to an author for their "outstanding contribution towards literature".


It is bestowed only on Indian writers writing in Indian languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India and English.


There is no posthumous conferral. Also only works published during the preceding twenty years is considered for the award.