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Daily Current Affairs : 2-Mar-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. US – TALIBAN DEAL

  2. CHINTAN BAITHAK

  3. RaIDer-X

  4. PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PFMS)

  5. KALASA BANDURI NALA PROJECT

  6. EURASIAN OTTER, FISHING CAT AND SMOOTH COATED OTTER


US – TALIBAN DEAL

Why in news?

  • US-Taliban signed a deal to pave way for the withdrawal of the US forces from Afghanistan.


Highlights :

  • The U.S. signed a deal with the Taliban on Saturday that could pave the way for a full withdrawal of foreign soldiers from Afghanistan over the next 14 months and represents a step towards ending the 18-year-war in the nation.

  • The deal was signed in the Qatari capital Doha by U.S. Special Envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban political chief Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar.

  • The U.S. said it is committed to reducing the number of its troops to 8,600 from the current 13,000 within 135 days of signing the deal.

  • The deal also provides for a prisoner swap. Some 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 Afghan security force prisoners would be exchanged by 10 March, when talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government are due to start.

  • The US will also lift sanctions against the Taliban and work with the UN to lift its separate sanctions against the group.


Source : HINDU AND BBC



CHINTAN BAITHAK

Why in news?

  • “Chintan Baithak” is being held by the Ministry of Shipping in Mamallapuram where Vice President of India interacted with the chairpersons of major Port Trusts.


Highlights :

  • The Vice President of India called upon all the Chairpersons and administrators of Ports across the country to make ports more energy-efficient and environment-friendly. He stressed that such efforts were needed to counter climate change, one of the biggest challenges faced by the world.

  • He praised India’s 7516 km long coast, its 12 major ports and 200 non-major ports to the nation’s growth story, and opined that India has an excellent opportunity for port-led development as ports were inevitable for exports and imports.

  • He also appreciated the Sagarmala port-led development initiated by the Government of India and said that it was the best step towards creating greenfield ports, modernizing the existing ports, and also for empowering the coastal community by generating employment opportunities.

  • The Vice President advised the ports to adopt best practices to effectively utilize their financial resources to derive maximum benefits. For this to happen he suggested them to reduce logistics cost, dredging expenditure and also improve turnaround time.

  • The Vice President asked ports to take an active part in programs such as Swachh Bharat and extend support to local authorities in maintaining the cleanliness of the city or town.


Source : PIB



CHEETAH REINTRODUCTION

Why in news?

  • Days after the Supreme Court green-lighted the introduction of cheetahs in India, the top scientist at the laboratory for saving extinct species says it will be a challenge.


Highlights :

  • India has been planning to reintroduce Cheetah in wild since a decade. However, as per a report of centrally empowered committee, India doesn’t have the required habitat and prey density.

  • The court recently gave the nod to the National Tiger Conservation Authority to re-introduce African cheetahs, nearly 10 years after the plea was made.

  • Sites where they were planned to be reintroduced: Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Cheetahs are good antelope hunters. Antelopes are adapted to dry conditions. Historically, we have not cared for grasslands as we planted trees for our requirements. We had extensive flat areas, but these are gone.

  • IUCN Status: Critically endangered.



RaIDer-X

Why in news?

  • RaIDer-X, a new explosive detection device, was unveiled at the National Workshop on Explosive Detection (NWED-2020) in Pune


Highlights :