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Daily Current Affairs : 20-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. INDIA HAD MOST DEATHS CAUSED BY POLLUTION IN 2017

  2. HIGH COURT QUASHES CIC ORDER ON EVMS

  3. BALIMELA RESERVOIR

  4. EXERCISE 'APHARAN'

  5. ‘PINAKA’- GUIDED ROCKET SYSTEM

  6. INDIA AND USA 2+2 MINISTERIAL DIALOGUE

  7. FIRST BIOSIMILAR MEDICINE TO INCREASE WORLDWIDE ACCESS

  8. PORTUGAL SETS UP GANDHI PRIZE

  9. INTELLIGENT CONCRETE MATURITY METER

  10. CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE FOR NEXT GENERATION TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

  11. 'SHARJAH' & ‘BARJEEL’



INDIA HAD MOST DEATHS CAUSED BY POLLUTION IN 2017

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?


In 2017, pollution was responsible for 15% of all deaths globally, and 275 million Disability-Adjusted Life Years.


India saw the most pollution deaths - about 2.3 million - a new report has found.


Highlights:

  • The 2019 Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis report from the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) updates findings from The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health, and provides a ranking of pollution deaths on global, regional and country levels.

  • The report uses the most recent Global Burden of Disease data from the Institute of Health Metrics Evaluation.

  • The report includes three lists on pollution-induced deaths.

  • India is the only country that features in the top 10 in all three lists (right).

  • In the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths in proportion to their population, there are many smaller countries where the impact of pollution in relation population size is more intense.

  • Chad tops this list with 287 deaths for every 1,00,000 people, whereas India is at number 10 with 174 deaths for every 1,00,000 people.

  • Air pollution - both ambient and indoor - is one of the largest and most obvious types of pollution affecting global health.


Source: Indian Express


HIGH COURT QUASHES CIC ORDER ON EVMS

Part of GS- 2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?


The Delhi High Court on Tuesday quashed an order of the Central Information Commission (CIC) which had held that EVMs fall within the definition of ‘information’ under the RTI Act.


Highlights:

  • Justice Jayant Nath passed the order on a plea by the Election Commission (EC) challenging the order of the CIC dated February 12, 2019 that held that EVM is an information under the RTI Act.

  • With this judgement, EVMs are out of the purview of RTI ACT.

  • CIC had observed that EVMs available with the EC in a material form or as a sample is a piece of information under section 2(f) of the RTI Act.

  • Section- 2 (f) states that "Information" means any material in any form, including Records, Documents, Memos, e-mails, Opinions, Advice, Press releases, Circulars, Orders, Logbooks, Contracts, Reports, Papers, Samples, Models, Data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a Public Authority under any other law for the time being in force.


Source: Indian Express


BALIMELA RESERVOIR

Part of GS-1 Geography


Why in news?<