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Daily Current Affairs : 21-Feb-2020

Major Topic Covered :

1. Govt to set up Central Consumer Protection Authority by first week of April

2 CMS COP 13

3. Worldwide Educating for the Future Index

4. India ranks 131 on flourishing index: Report

5. ICRG Recommends Continuation of Pakistan in Grey List

6. Private Member Bill for Two-Child Policy Norm

1. Govt to set up Central Consumer Protection Authority by first week of April

Why in news ?

• Food Minister Ram Vilas Paswan has said the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) will be set up by the first week of April this year.

Important facts

• The Consumer Protection De penalties Bill, Facto 2019 for selling was approved spurious IAS

the and Parliament adulterated in 2019 products.

replacing Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

• It aims to focus on rapid settlement of consumer disputes, strict penalties for wrong doings that include misleading ads by rms and adulteration.

• The authority is being constituted to makes sure of the act is implemented in the right way.

Consumer Protection Bill, 2019

• The Lok Sabha passed the Consumer Protection Bill, 2019, which seeks to strengthen the consumer rights and provides a mechanism for redressal of complaints regarding defects in goods and deficiency in services.

• Apart from setting up of authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumer disputes, the bill also seeks to bring in e-commerce under their jurisdiction and hold celebrities accountable for false and misleading advertisements of products that they endorse.

o Also consumer courts at the district, state and national level, the bill

proposes a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce consumer rights as a class and protect them from unfair trade practices. o CCPA, envisaged as a regulator, can file a class action suit if required and

would take immediate action on any consumer complaint.

• The bill proposes strict action against the advertiser in case of misleading advertisements but not against the media through which the advertisement is being publicised.

• Celebrities can be fined up to ₹10 lakh. For repeat offences, this may rise to ₹50 lakh, with a jail term of up to five years It also provides for product liability action consumer rights, unfair trade practices, misleading advertisements and on account of harm caused to consumers due to defective products or deficient services.

The Bill will replace the earlier Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

2. CMS COP 13

Why in news ?

• On February 20, 2020, Asian Elephant,Great Indian Bustard and Bengal Florican were declared as “Endangered Migratory Species” at the CMS COP 13.

• The proposal was accepted by 130 countries. Asian Elephant

• India declared Indian Elephant as “National Heritage Animal”. This provides highest degree of legal protection to the animal under Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

• The Asian elephants are called Indian Elephants in the country.

• The threats to the Indian Elephants include habitat loss, human elephant conict, habitat fragmentation, illegal trade and poaching. Bengal Florican

• The population of the species has declined greatly due to habitat loss. The Bengal

Great Indian Florican It topmost is listed Bustard

conservation does as the not critically breed De priority.

outside endangered Facto the protected species areas under IAS today.

the IUCN list and is of the

The Great Indian Bustard is one of the heaviest flying birds in the world.

Scientific Name: Ardeotis nigriceps

Habitat: Dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent; its largest populations are found in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Important Facts

Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List

In Appendix I of CITES,

In Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

3. Worldwide Educating for the Future Index

Why in news?

• India jumped five ranks in the Worldwide Educating for the Future Index (WEFFI) 2019, as per a report published by The Economist Intelligence Unit. Important points?

• The ranking is provided based on the ability of a country to equip their students in skill-based education.

In 2018, India ranked 40th with an overall score of 41.2.

• In Policy Environment, India scored 56.3, in teaching environment its score was 52.2 and in socioeconomic environment India’s score was 50.1. India has performed better in socio-economic environment.

o This is because in 2018, its score was 32.2. However, the performance

decreased in policy environment as the score in the area in 2018 was 61.

5 Reasons for the Growth

A embedded proposed degree level which degree full-fledged will or De begin diploma by online March Facto courses education 2021.

in 150 programme higher IAS educational along with institutions apprenticeship is also Reasons for the Growth

• The report attributes India’s growth to the new national education policy introduced and published in 2019 that mentions future-oriented skills such as critical thinking, communication and entrepreneurship.

• The education policy was highlighted in the Union Budget 2020 and it will

come under ‘Aspirational India’ which will focus on skill-based education, a greater inflow of finance to attract talented teachers and innovate and build better labs.

• A degree level full-fledged online education programme along with apprenticeship embedded degree or diploma courses in 150 higher educational institutions is also proposed which will begin by March 2021.

Worldwide Educating for the Future Index

• The index and report are commissioned by the Yidan Prize Foundation.