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Daily Current Affairs : 21-Mar-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. LEOPARD

  2. DEFENCE PROCUREMENT DRAFT

  3. WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT

  4. COVID – 19 TESTING KITS APPROVAL

  5. HERD IMMUNITY

  6. TECH FOR TRIBALS

  7. STEPS TAKEN UNDER NATIONAL POLICY ON SKILL DEVELOPMENT


LEOPARD

Why in news?

  • An eight year old female leopard has been rescued from Shirur, Maharashtra.


Highlights:

  • The Indian leopard is one of the big cats occurring on the Indian subcontinent, apart from the Asiatic lion, Bengal tiger, snow leopard and clouded leopard.

Features :

  • The leopard is the smallest of the big cats, and is known for its black-spotted coat.

  • A nocturnal animal, the leopard hunts by night.

  • An extremely agile creature, it spends most of its resting time on top of trees, using land only to move locations, but rarely to rest or nap.

  • It is known to carry its prey up on trees. This is especially common in leopards that share their habitat with tiger.

Habitat :

  • In India, the leopard is found in all forest types, from tropical rainforests to temperate deciduous and alpine coniferous forests. It is also found in dry scrubs and grasslands, the only exception being desert and the mangroves of Sundarbans.

IUCN Status : Vulnerable


Source : Hindu and IUCN



DEFENCE PROCUREMENT DRAFT

Why in news?

  • The draft was released by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Friday for further suggestions from industry before being finalised for promulgation. It will come into effect from April 01, 2020, and supersede DPP 2016. This DPP would remain in force till 31 March 2025.


Highlights:

  • The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has for the first time introduced leasing of defence equipment as a new category for acquisition in the draft Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2020.

  • Other proposed measures include making after-sales support part of the capital acquisition contract, higher indigenous content in acquisitions and incentives for local material and software and emphasis on product export under offsets. 

  • Leasing is permitted under two categories, Lease [Indian] where Lessor is an Indian entity and is the owner of the assets and Lease [Global) where Lessor is a Global entity. This will be useful for military equipment not used in actual warfare like transport fleets, trainers, simulators, among others.

  • The draft proposed increasing the indigenous content stipulated in various categories of procurement by about 10% 

  • New chapters have been introduced for procurement of software and systems related projects due to fast obsolescence, Post Contract Management to facilitate and provide clear guidelines, given long time of defence deals.

  • Another new category introduced is ‘Buy’ (Global – Manufacture in India) with minimum 50% indigenous content on cost basis of total contract value.

  • The scope and options for product support have been widened to include contemporary concepts like Performance Based Logistics (PBL), Life Cycle Support Contract (LCSC) and Comprehensive Maintenance Contract (CMC) to optimise life cycle support for equipment


Source : Hindu



WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT

Why in news?