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Daily Current Affairs : 22-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. INDIA OPENS ITS FIRST MAHATMA GANDHI CONVENTION CENTRE IN NIGER

  2. IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF US PRESIDENT TRUMP

  3. GUIDELINES FOR - ReIT, InvIT ON RIGHTS ISSUE

  4. GLOBAL INVESTMENT TREND MONITOR REPORT: UNCTAD

  5. PROCUREMENT OF DEFENCE EQUIPMENT WORTH OVER RS 5,000 CR APPROVED

  6. PRAGATI

  7. HAWAII TELESCOPE

  8. THREE CAPITALS - ANDHRA PRADESH


INDIA OPENS ITS FIRST MAHATMA GANDHI CONVENTION CENTRE IN NIGER

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and Nigerien President Mahamadou Issoufou on 21st January, 2020, jointly inaugurated the first convention centre established in Africa by India to honour the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.


Highlights:

• The Mahatma Gandhi International Convention Centre (MGICC) is a landmark for India- Niger friendship, as also a symbol of India's firm commitment towards Africa.

• It is the first centre to be established in Africa by India to honour the memory of Mahatma Gandhi whose 150th Birth Anniversary was observed last year.

• The convention centre has been designed as a spacious, modern and eco-friendly facility, including a 2,000 capacity Plenary Hall, to witness high-level and wide-ranging participation from African Union member states and other high-level conventions.


Source: AIR



IMPEACHMENT TRIAL OF US PRESIDENT TRUMP

Part of GS- 2IR


Why in news?

The historic impeachment trial of United States President Donald Trump opened last night as Democrats angrily accused Senate Republicans of seeking a cover-up without witnesses or new evidence.


Highlights:

• With the US leader facing potential removal from office for abuse of power, his close ally Mitch McConnell laid out ground rules that would block subpoenaing key witnesses or documents while each side makes its case - potentially crippling prosecutors' arguments. Flexing his solid 53-47 majority, the Republican Senate leader also made clear he would summarily block any Democratic attempts to change his rules.

• Adam Schiff, the Leader of the House Impeachment Managers prosecuting Trump, countered that the process makes no sense for a trial and was designed instead to ensure evidence is never heard and Trump is exculpated.

• President Trump was impeached on 18th of December by the House of Representatives and formally charged on the floor of the Senate last week with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.

• It is only the third time a US president has endured an impeachment trial, after Bill Clinton in 1999 and Andrew Johnson in 1868. Trump is accused of withholding nearly 400 million US Dollars in military aid for Ukraine's war against Russian-backed separatists, and refusing Zelensky a White House meeting, unless he opened a probe of Biden.


ARTICLE 61 : PROCEDURE FOR IMPEACHMENT OF THE PRESIDENT IN INDIA GROUND OF IMPEACHMENT:

(1) When a President is to be impeached for violation of the Constitution, the charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament.


(2) No such charge shall be preferred unless –

I. the proposal to prefer such charge is contained in a resolution which has been moved after at least fourteen days’ notice in writing signed by not less than one- fourth of the total number of members of the House has been given of their intention to move the resolution, and

II. such resolution has been passed by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the

total membership of the House.


(3) When a charge has been so preferred by either House of Parliament, the other House shall investigate the charge or cause the charge to be investigated and the President shall have the right to appear and to be represented at such investigation.


(4) If as a result of the investigation a resolution is passed by a majority of not less than two- thirds of the total membership of the House by which the charge was investigated or caused to be investigated, declaring that the charge preferred against the President has been sustained, such resolution shall have the effect of removing the President from his office as from the date on which the resolution is so passed.


PROCEDURE FOR IMPEACHMENT OF US PRESIDENT GROUND OF IMPEACHMENT:

• As per the US Constitution, the President can be removed from office by the Congress.

• It can be done for “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours.”

• But exactly what all these mean is unclear. As per various observations, the following were suggested at different periods -

• an impeachable offence was whatever a majority of the House of Representatives considers it to be at a particular moment Congress could look beyond criminal laws in defining “high crimes and misdemeanours”

• Historically, it can encompass corruption and other abuses, including trying to obstruct judicial proceedings.

Under the US Constitution:

The House of Representatives (Lower House) has the “the sole power of impeachment” while the Senate (Upper House) has “the sole power to try all impeachments”.