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Daily Current Affairs : 23-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. YEAR END REVIEW -2019 OF MINISTRY OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

  2. WINTER SOLSTICE

  3. MANUAL SCAVENGING

  4. EU GREEN DEAL

  5. NAGPUR RESOLUTION

  6. MANUEL MARRERO CRUZ APPOINTED AS CUBA'S FIRST PM IN MORE THAN 40 YEARS

  7. CAMBRIDGE FIVE

  8. PEREGRINE FALCON HAS FASTEST VISION SPEED

  9. ‘CORE CATCHER’ IN A NUCLEAR PLANT



YEAR END REVIEW -2019 OF MINISTRY OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news?


The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is responsible for co-ordination of all skill development efforts across the country, removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, building the vocational and technical training framework, skill up-gradation, building of new skills, and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created.


Highlights:


National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) 


Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) formed in 2014 to give a fillip and focus to the skill development and entrepreneurship efforts in the country.

Because of the efforts under NSDM, more than One Crore youth are being imparted skills training annually under various programs of the Central Government.


Skill India Portal


A strong IT Platform, namely Skill India portal launched to converge the skilling data of various Central Ministries, State Governments, Private Training Providers and Corporates on a single platform.


This will now enable data driven decision making by the policymakers and help remove information asymmetry in the skilling ecosystem.


This will also be single touch point for the citizens of India to access skilling opportunities and seeking related services.


Industrial Training Centres (ITIs)


Expanded and modernized the existing Long-Term Training eco-system in India.

The total number of Industrial Training Centres (ITIs) increased by 12% from 11964 in 2014 to 14939 in 2018-19.


The trainee enrolment has increased by 37% from 16.90 Lakh to 23.08 Lakh during the period.


Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)


Launched the Flagship Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (1.0 & 2.0) in 2015 to provide free skill training avenues to youths of India.


Under the program about 87 Lakhs youth have been trained till date. Under the placement linked program under PMKVY 2016-19, more than 54% have been linked to employment.


SANKALP


SANKALP intends to set up Trainers and Assessors academies with self-sustainable models.


Additional training academies will also be set up under the scheme.


The focus will be on greater level of decentralization in skill planning through institutional strengthening at state level, that includes setting up of State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) and allow the states to come up with State and District level Skill Development Plans.


It aims at improving the inclusion of marginalized communities including Persons with Disabilities (PwD), Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and also women for providing skill training opportunities.


A skilling ecosystem will be created, such that it will support the country climb up the ladder in the Ease of Doing Business Index.