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Daily Current Affairs : 23-Nov-19

Major Topics Covered :

  1. POTENTIAL DIARRHEA VACCINE DEVELOPED IN SWEDEN

  2. SECRETAGOGIN (SCGN)

  3. ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO ADVISE THE ADMINISTRATOR OF DHFL

  4. BUDAPEST CONVENTION

  5. NOMURA'S FOOD VULNERABILITY INDEX (NFVI)

  6. AALMI TABLIGHI IJTIMA

  7. MK 45 GUN SYSTEM

  8. WORLD FISHERIES DAY, 2019

  9. THE CITIZENSHIP ACT, 1955: SECTIONS 5(1)(F) AND 10(2)

  10. ‘LAST NAILS IN THE COFFIN OF BRITISH RULE’: REMEMBERING LALA LAJPAT RAI ON HIS DEATH ANNIVERSARY


POTENTIAL DIARRHEA VACCINE DEVELOPED IN SWEDEN

Why in news:

The researchers of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden have developed a potential Diarrhea vaccine.


Highlights:

  • Science journal, The Lancet, reports that it has been proved safe and effective in an early-stage clinical trial in Bangladesh.

  • The report said that 80 to 100 per cent of the children aged two to five years and 50 to 80 per cent of infants aged six to eleven months, selected for the study responded to all key immunity generating components of the vaccine.

  • The researchers said, there is no vaccine yet for use for children and vaccine development for Diarrhea is a World Health Organization priority.


About:


Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) bacteria are a primary cause of diarrhea, leading to substantial illness and death in children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Currently there is no ETEC vaccine available on the market for use in children in ETEC high-risk areas.


Now, an oral ETEC vaccine candidate, named ETVAX, was developed at University of Gothenburg in collaboration with Scandinavian Biopharma, Stockholm.


ETVAX consists of inactivated E. coli bacteria expressing high levels of protective antigens and the ETEC-based B subunit protein LCTBA.


Science journal, The Lancet, reports that it has been proved safe and effective in an early-stage clinical trial in Bangladesh against enterotoxigenic E. coli diarrhea in children from 6 months to 5 years of age.



Source : All India Radio

SECRETAGOGIN (SCGN)

Why in news:


Indian scientists identify a protein that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Scientists at the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad have demonstrated the role of a protein secretagogin (SCGN) in increasing insulin action in obesity-induced diabetes.


Highlights:

  • CCMB said that the findings established SCGN as a functional insulin-binding protein with therapeutic potential against diabetes.

  • They show that SCGN binds to insulin and protects it from various stresses, increases its stability and adds to its action.

  • It said various kinds of cellular stresses can result in loss of structure and function of insulin, ultimately leading to diabetes.

  • At present, the processes regulating insulin synthesis, maturation, secretion and signalling in diabetes were not completely understood.

  • The scientists have shown injection of SCGN (found at lower levels in diabetic patients) in obese diabetic mice clears excess insulin from circulation and reduces fat mass.

  • CCMB release said that SCGN treated animals also had lower levels of harmful LDL-cholesterol and lower lipid accumulation in liver cells.

  • Diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease are often linked with each other.

  • SCGN is found in lower quantities in the brains of Alzheimer's patients.



Source: AIR

ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO ADVISE THE ADMINISTRATOR OF DHFL

Why in news:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a three-member panel to advise the Administrator of Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Limited (DHFL) ahead of formally moving for resolution of the troubled mortgage lender under the insolvency law.


Highlights:

  • Recently, RBI superseded DHFL's board and placed the company under an administrator in the wake of governance issues and severe liquidity crisis which had led to a string of defaults.

  • Now, RBI, in exercise of powers conferred under section 45 IE 5(a) of the RBI Act 1934, constituted a three-member Advisory Committee to assist the Administrator of DHFL in discharge of his duties.

  • The members of the Advisory Committee are as follows: Rajiv Lall, Non-Executive Chairman, IDFC First Bank Ltd N S Kannan, Managing Director and CEO, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co. Ltd NS Venkatesh, Chief Executive, Association of Mutual Funds in India

  • The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Rules, 2019 have a provision for the financial sector regulator concerned to appoint a committee to advise the administrator in the operations of the financial service provider during the corporate insolvency resolution process.



Source : The Hindu

BUDAPEST CONVENTION

Why in news:


On global cybercrime, India votes in favour of Russia-led resolution. For years, the Russian-led campaign for a cybercrime convention in the UN has been framed in direct opposition to a separate treaty: the Council of Europe’s (CoE) Cybercrime Convention- also known as the Budapest Convention- which has eagerly called for Indian participation since its formation in 2001 to no avail.



Highlights:

  • India was represented by a senior official of the National Cyber Security Coordinator in the Prime Minister’s Office and an IT Ministry-nominated police officer.

  • As India’s domestic data laws continue to hang in the balance, the country has remained non-committal in the international arena, watching a clear cleavage with Russia and China on one side and the US and EU on the other.

  • This week, India maintained its status as a non-member of the Europe-led Budapest Convention, even as it voted in favour of a Russian-led UN resolution to set up a separate convention, sources told The Indian Express.

  • Russian-led UN resolution: The Russian proposal entitled “Countering the use of information and communications technologies for criminal purposes” passed in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Third Committee 88-58, with 34 absentations, on Monday.

  • The convention is the sole legally binding multilate