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Daily Current Affairs : 24-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. DEMOCRACY INDEX- ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT

  2. AMNESTY INDIA WOMEN POLITICIANS- TROLLING

  3. CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX- TI

  4. ‘ABIDE WITH ME’

  5. SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE

  6. OPHICHTHUS KAILASHCHANDRAI- ODISHA

  7. NATIONAL DATA AND ANALYTICS PLATFORM

  8. SSRC

  9. ‘GATI’-NHAI


DEMOCRACY INDEX- ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT

Part of GS- 2 Polity and governance


Why in news?

  • India slipped 10 places to 51st position in the 2019 Democracy Index's global ranking, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit, which cited "erosion of civil liberties" in the country as the primary cause for the downtrend. India’s overall score fell from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90.


Highlights:

  • The report, “A year of democratic setbacks and popular protest”, was done by The Economist Intelligence Unit — the research and analysis division of The Economist Group, which is the sister company to The Economist newspaper.

  • India was graded in electoral process and pluralism (8.67), government functioning (6.79), political participation (6.67), political culture (5.63) and civil liberties (6.76).

  • In the Asia and Australasia region, India ranks eighth, behind Taiwan and Timor-Leste.

  • The Index categorises India under “flawed democracies”, countries that hold free and fair elections, but have significant weaknesses in aspects of democracy, such as problems in governance, an underdeveloped political culture and low levels of political participation.

  • The report records how global democracy fared, analysing 165 independent states and two territories.

  • India slipped 10 places in the 2019 global ranking to 51st place. India’s overall score fell from 7.23 to 6.9, on a scale of 0-10, within a year (2018-2019) — the country’s lowest since 2006.

  • There are only 22 “full democracies” as compared to 54 “authoritarian regimes” and as many “flawed democracies,” that include the U.S.

  • The average global score recorded its worst value ever, down from 5.48 in 2018 to 5.44.


Source : Indian Express



AMNESTY INDIA WOMEN POLITICIANS- TROLLING

Part of GS- 2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?

  • Twitter is a toxic space for Indian women politicians, who face substantially higher abuse on the social media platform than their counterparts in the U.S. and the U.K., according to a recent study given by Amnesty India.


Highlights:

  • In fact, one out of every seven tweets mentioning them is problematic or abusive, with many women targeted by a relentless flow of threats and sexist, religious, racist and casteist slurs.

  • While all women are targeted, Muslim women politicians faced 55% more abuse than others, according to the study of 95 politicians carried out by Amnesty India during the 2019 Lok Sabha election.

  • The Troll Patrol India study trained volunteers to sift through the tweets mentioning these 95 women between March and May 2019. Of the seven million tweets which mentioned them, a sample of 1.14 lakh was analysed.

  • They found that 13.8% of the tweets had problematic or abusive content.


Source: The Hindu



CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX- TI

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news?

  • India’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI-2019) has slipped from 78 to 80 compared to the previous year, said Transparency International on 23rd January, 2020, while questioning the “unfair and opaque political financing” in the country.


Highlights:

  • Its score of 41 out of 100 remains the same.

  • The index ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people.

  • It uses a scale of zero to 100, where zero is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean.

  • In democracies like India and Australia, unfair and opaque political financing, undue influence in decision-making and lobbying by powerful corporate interest groups, has resulted in stagnation or decline in the control of corruption, observed the report.

  • The latest CPI report has revealed that a majority of countries are showing little to no improvement in tackling corruption.

  • The 2019 CPI draws on 13 surveys and expert assessments to measure public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories, giving each a score from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

  • In the Asia Pacific region, the average score is 45, after many consecutive years of an average score of 44, which “illustrates general stagnation” across the region.


  • China has improved its position from 87 to 80 with a score of 41 out of 100, a two-point jump.