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Daily Current Affairs : 25-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. JUSTICE DEEPAK GUPTA ON DISSENT

  2. KISAN SAMMAN NIDHI

  3. SCHOOLS IN KASHMIR

  4. HARVEY WEINSTEIN AND METOO MOVEMENT

  5. UK’s NEW VISA SYSTEM

  6. MICROSOFT – 100*100*100 PROGRAM

  7. FORCE MAJEURE CLAUSE

  8. LONG TERM REPO OPERATIONS (LTRO)


JUSTICE DEEPAK GUPTA ON DISSENT

Why in news?

  • Justice Deepak Gupta made important observations during a lecture on “Democracy and Dissent” organised by Supreme Court Bar Association. His speech received standing ovation.


Highlights :

  • A dissenter is not anti-national. Holding a contrary view to that of the government doesn’t make one an anti-national.

  • He red-flagged the hike in sedition cases against activists, lawyers and students and branding voices of dissent as “anti-national.”

  • Majoritarianism is an anti-thesis to democracy.

  • A political party getting 51% mandate in the polls did not mean that the other 49% of the country ought to remain silent for the next five years. A democracy is for 100% of the people. Government is for everyone. Everyone plays a role in democracy.

Source : Hindu



KISAN SAMMAN NIDHI

Why in news?

  • One year after the launch of the scheme, the centre has revised the farmer income support scheme beneficiary target down to 12 crore from 14 crore. So far, 8.5 crore people have benefitted from it.


Highlights :

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.

  • Under the Scheme an income support of Rs.6000/- per year is provided to all farmer families across the country in three equal instalments of Rs.2000/- each every four months.

  • Definition of family for the Scheme is husband, wife and minor children.

  • The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiary farmer families rests with the State / UT Governments.

  • The fund is directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.

  • For enrollment, the farmer is required to approach the local patwari / revenue officer / Nodal Officer (PM-Kisan) nominated by the State Government. The Common Service Centres (CSCs) have also been authorized to do registration of the farmers for the Scheme upon payment of fees.

  • Farmers can also do their self-registration through the Farmers Corner in the portal.


Exclusion criteria :

  • All Institutional Land holders.

  • Farmer families in which one or more of its members belong to following categories

  • Former and present holders of constitutional posts

  • Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils, former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.

  • All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies (Excluding Multi-Tasking Staff /Class IV/Group D employees)

  • All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/-or more (Excluding Multi-Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees) of above category

  • All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year

  • Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.


Challenges :

  • West Bengal refused to join the scheme due to political considerations.

  • Bihar’s approach to the scheme has been to wait for the applicant leading to more than 60% of potential beneficiaries being yet to register.

Source : Hindu and PMKISAN.GOV.IN



SCHOOLS IN KASHMIR

Why in news?

  • After over 200 days, schools reopened in the valley. Since the abrogation of Article 370, schools have remained shut.


Highlights :

  • Weeks after the centre’s decision to bifurcate J&K, the state administration had ordered the opening of schools in a gradual manner after restrictions across the valley were eased. However, students remained away fearing for their safety.

  • Nearly 60% of the students attended the school after opening. Since some areas are still snow-covered, it will take at least a week for all the students to come.

Source : Indian Express



HARVEY WEINSTEIN AND METOO MOVEMENT

Why in news?

  • Former movie producer Harvey Weinstein was convicted of sexual assault and rape by a New York jury. It is a milestone verdict for the #Metoo movement.


Highlights :


About Metoo movement:

  • The Me Too movement, with a large variety of local and international related names, is a movement against sexual harassment and sexual assault.

  • The phrase "Me Too" was initially used in this context on social media in 2006, on Myspace, by sexual harassment survivor and activist Tarana Burke.

  • It seeks to help survivors of sexual violence, particularly Black women and girls, and other young women of colour from low wealth communities, find pathways to healing.

  • Girls for Gender Equity (GGE) is the fiscal sponsor of the ‘me too’ movement.


Sexual Harassment :

  • As per 2013 Act, Sexual harassment includes any one or more of thefollowing unwelcome acts or behaviour (whether directly or by implication), namely:

  • Physical contact and advances, or

  • A demand or request for sexual favours, or

  • Making sexually coloured remarks, or

  • Showing pornography, or

  • Any other unwelcome physical, verbal, non verbal conduct of sexual nature


Issues highlighted by the movement :

  • Gender-Equal Workplace is still a Dream?#MeToo movement shows that women are highly vulnerable to sexual harassment at work placeEven after Vishakha Guidelines and Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act,2013 --> workplaces are still not gender-sensitive.Absence of Internal Complaints Committee in most of the organisationsSuperior-subordinate relations are being misused by the bossesPatriarchy and Sexism in widely prevalent in Indian SocietyIt shows the wide prevalence of patriarchy and sexism among all the sections of Indian society.Women are suffering the sexual harassment silentlySocial impunity of patriarchy that privileges class and social location to its perpetrators. The difficulty of fighting each case also depends upon the class, social and institutional location of survivors and complainants.Failure of Due Process of LawWomen who tried to get the redressal of their grievances had not get the justice from the system:Tarun Tejpal Case (even after fast-tracking the case, it is languishing from last 5 years)R. K.