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Daily Current Affairs : 27-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. NATIONAL CONSUMER DAY

  2. ANNULAR SOLAR ECLIPSE

  3. NPCI OFFERS RECHARGE OPTION FOR FASTAG THROUGH BHIM UPI

  4. HRD MINISTER LAUNCHES FIVE DOCUMENTS DEVELOPED BY UGC

  5. URSULA

  6. “IRRETRIEVABLE BREAKDOWN OF MARRIAGE”

  7. E V RAMASWAMY PERIYAR

  8. STAND-OFF RANGE MISSILES

  9. GANGA PRASAD VIMAL


NATIONAL CONSUMER DAY

Part of GS- 2 Polity and Governance


Why in news?

National Consumer Day was observed on December 24, 2019.


Highlights:

  • The objective is to highlight the importance of the consumer movement and the need to make every consumer more aware of their rights and responsibilities.

  • The theme of this year is “ alternate consumer grievance/dispute redressal”. On this day the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 was enacted.

  • The Act aims to provide consumers with effective safeguards against different types of exploitation, such as defective goods, deficiency in services and unfair trade practices.

  • Parliament gave its nod to the landmark Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 which aims to protect the rights of consumers by establishing authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumers dispute, this year.

  • Upon receiving the assent of President, it has become an act which entails setting up of a Central Consumer Protection Authority, CCPA to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers as a class.

  • The new Act has replaced the more than three decades old Consumer Protection Act, 1986. The CCPA would make interventions to prevent consumer detriment arising from unfair trade practices.

  • The agency can also initiate class action, including enforcing recall, refund and return of products.


Source: AIR


ANNULAR SOLAR ECLIPSE

Part of GS- 1 Geography


Why in news?

The last solar eclipse of this year will take place on December 26, which will fall over the eastern hemisphere of the Earth and be visible from India, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Malaysia, Oman, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Mariana Islands and Borneo among a few other places.


Highlights:


What is an annular solar eclipse?


An eclipse happens when the moon while orbiting the Earth, comes in between the sun and the Earth, due to which the moon blocks the sun’s light from reaching the Earth, causing an eclipse of the sun or a solar eclipse.


There are three types of eclipses:


one is a total solar eclipse, which is visible only from a small area on Earth. According to NASA, people who are able to view the total solar eclipse are in the centre of the moon’s shadow as and when it hits the Earth. A total solar eclipse happens when the sun, moon and Earth are in a direct line.


The second type of a solar eclipse is a partial solar, in which the shadow of the moon appears on a small part of the sun.


The third kind is an annular solar eclipse, which happens when the moon is farthest from the Earth, which is why it seems smaller. In this type of an eclipse, the moon does not block the sun completely, but looks like a “dark disk on top of a larger sun-colored disk” forming a “ring of fire”.


Furthermore, during a solar eclipse the moon casts two shadows on the Earth, the first one is called the umbra, which gets smaller as it reaches the Earth. The second one is called the penumbra, which gets larger as it reaches the Earth.


Where can the annular solar eclipse be viewed from?


Some of the areas in India from where the annular solar eclipse can be viewed include Kannur, Ooty, Palakkad, Kozhikode, Erode Trichy, Madurai and Karaikudi among a few others. The annular eclipse will begin roughly around 8 am on December 26.


Is it safe to view solar eclipses?


NASA maintains that the sun can be viewed safely using the naked eye only during a total eclipse, while during partial and annular solar eclipses, the sun should not be viewed without proper equipment and techniques.


Not using proper methods and equipment for viewing can cause permanent eye damage or severe visual loss, it says.