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Daily Current Affairs : 27-Feb-2020

Major Topics Covered :


  1. SURROGACY(REGULATION) BILL, 2020

  2. ULSOOR LAKE POLLUTION

  3. SRI LANKA AND UN RESOLUTION ON POST WAR ACCOUNTABILITY AND RECONCILIATION

  4. TECHNICAL TEXTILES MISSION

  5. REVAMPING OF IT ACT

  6. CENTRAL CONSUMER PROTECTION AUTHORITY (CCPA)

  7. ONE YEAR OF InSight LANDER MISSION

  8. HENNEGUYA SALMINICOLA


SURROGACY(REGULATION) BILL, 2020

Why in news?

  • Union cabinet has approved the bill after incorporating the recommendations of a Rajya Sabha select committee.


Highlights :

  • It allows a “willing woman” and not just a “close relative” to become a surrogate mother.

  • It will benefit divorced women, widows and infertile couples.

  • The proposed insurance cover for a surrogate mother has also been increased to 36. Months from the present 16 months.

  • It prohibit commercial surrogacy and allows only altruistic surrogacy.

  • Only Indian couples with both parents being of Indian origin can opt for surrogacy in the country.

  • The bill proposed to set up National Surrogacy Board and State surrogacy board along with appropriate authorities in the state and Union territories.

  • It will be tabled in the second half of the budget session beginning next month.

Source : TOI


ULSOOR LAKE POLLUTION

Why in news?

  • The southern bench of the NGT has ordered the constitution of a joint committee to take water samples from Bengaluru’s Ulsoor lake and neighbouring areas to ascertain whether the lake is being polluted owing to illegal activities.


Highlights :

  • It is based on a suo motu direction based on a report published in The Hindu in 2016.

  • Illegal activities such as discharging untreated sewage, effluents and the dumping of garbage into waterbody affect the quality of the water and the ecology and aquatic life, much required for ecological sustenance.

  • It also affects groundwater as lakes act as aquifers.

  • Contaminated groundwater impacts the health of the people who consume this water.

Source : Hindu


SRI LANKA AND UN RESOLUTION ON POST WAR ACCOUNTABILITY AND RECONCILIATION

Why in news?

  • Sri Lanka has formally notified the UN Human Right Council that it was withdrawing from the UN resolution on post-war accountability and reconciliation.


Highlights:

  • Sri Lanka has decided to withdraw from co-sponsorship of Resolution 40/1 on Promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka

  • Sri Lanka still continues to be committed to achieving sustainable peace and reconciliation through a process designed and executed domestically.

  • However, Sri Lanka cannot pull out of the resolution until 2021, according to former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, whose unity government helmed by President Maithripala Sirisena co-sponsored the resolution.

  • The UNHRC is yet to comment on the development.

  • In 2015, six years after Sri Lanka’s bloody civil war ended, the UNHRC adopted a consensus resolution, asking Colombo to probe allegations of large-scale rights abuses. The resolution, which Sri Lanka co-sponsored, was at that time widely seen as a bold commitment to Sri Lankans and the international community.

  • Amid Tamil leaders’ growing concern over the pace at which Colombo implemented the resolution, Sri Lanka in 2017 sought an extension for two more years to fulfil its commitments.

  • Last year, the Council approved giving another two years for Sri Lanka to take forward a credible probe into the alleged rights violations.

Source : Hindu


TECHNICAL TEXTILES MISSION

Why in news?

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the setting up of a National Technical Textiles Mission at an total outlay of ₹1,480 Crore.


Highlights:


Aim : It seeks to position the country as a global leader in technical textiles and increase the use of technical textiles in the domestic market.

The Mission will be implemented for four years from 2020-2021 and will have four components.


Research and development :The first component will focus on research and development and innovation and will have an outlay of ₹1,000 crore. The research will be at both, fibre level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles and development of bio-degradable technical textiles.


Market : The second component will be for promotion and development of market for technical textiles.


Exports : The third component will focus on export promotion so that technical textile exports from the country reach from the ₹14,000 crore now to ₹20,000 crore by 2021-2022 and ensure 10% average growth every year till the Mission ends.


Education and Skilling : The last component will be on education, training and skill development.


State of Indian Textile sector :

  • Indian technical textiles segment is estimated at $16 billion which is approximately 6% of the $250 billion global technical textiles market.

  • The penetration level of technical textiles in India varies between 5% and 10% against the level of 30% to 70% in developed countries.

  • The Mission will aim at taking domestic market size to $40 billion to $50 billion by 2024.

Source : Hindu


REVAMPING OF IT ACT

Why in news?

  • Minister for Electronics and IT Ravi Shankar Prasad suggested that the government will soon kick-start the process of revamping the nearly 20-year old Information Technology Act, 2000, with an aim to bring it in tune with the technological advancements with a focus on stronger framework to deal with cybercrimes.


Highlights:

  • An expert committee will be set up with members from the government as well as the industry for discussion on the new IT Act.

  • In the last 20 years since the enactment of the Act, the IT ecosystem has developed beyond recognition. New technology has become very pronounced, the whole ecosystem of consumers has changed vastly and so have the challenges,

  • The biggest challenge is the number of consumers we have to handle. Plus, today, in India, technology has become the centre of digital payment and delivery of services such as GST and UPI. This also raises the question of misuse [of technology]. The vastness of these platforms was not even contemplated when the IT Act came into being

  • The new Act will also factor-in larger issues, including Supreme Court’s judgment on privacy.

  • Since cyber issues have not been adequately responded to in the present IT Act, the Minister said the government may even look at including a separate chapter on cyber issues in the revamped Act.

Source : Hindu


CENTRAL CONSUMER PROTECTION AUTHORITY (CCPA)

Why in news?