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Daily Current Affairs : 30-Nov-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. STEPS TAKEN TO POPULARIZE AYUSH

  2. MAURITIUS IS CALLING UK AN ‘ILLEGAL COLONIAL OCCUPIER’

  3. INDIA’S GDP GROWTH RATE SLIPPED

  4. THE GUJARAT CONTROL OF TERRORISM AND ORGANISED CRIME (GCTOC) ACT

  5. PROMOTION OF E-AGRICULTURE

  6. HALLMARKING OF GOLD JEWELRY & ARTIFACTS

  7. CLOWNFISH

  8. GLOBAL MIGRATION REPORT 2020

  9. ELECTORAL LITERACY CLUBS (ELCs)

STEPS TAKEN TO POPULARIZE AYUSH

Part of GS-Health


Why in news?

People across the country are following traditional Indian medical systems of AYUSH. According to the data available, 17,73,75,226 Patients visited Government Health Care Facilities under AYUSH in OPD and 19,57,921 were admitted as inpatients in 2017-18.


Highlights:

The measures taken by the Ministry of AYUSH for further propagating the natural medical systems are:

  • The Ministry of AYUSH regularly observes days dedicated to AYUSH Systems of Medicine Viz. International Day of Yoga, Ayurveda Day, Unani Day, Siddha Day, Naturopathy Day, Homoeopathy Day etc. to create awareness about the benefits of the respective AYUSH system of medicine including natural medical systems.

  • A Central Sector Scheme for Promotion of Information Education and Communication (IEC) in AYUSH has been devised by the Ministry of AYUSH for this purpose.

  • Under this Scheme, the Ministry of AYUSH takes up initiatives to create awareness about and to promote AYUSH systems of medicine including natural medical systems. These initiatives include organizing Arogya Fairs, Melas, Conferences, Exhibitions, Seminars, Workshops, Symposium, Yoga Fests and Ayurveda Parvs.

  • The IEC Scheme also supports undertaking publicity campaigns through electronic media, print media and social media amongst the citizens in the country.

  • Ministry of AYUSH has established five Research Councils namely CCRAS, CCRUM, CCRS, CCRH & CCRYN for Research in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy, Yoga & Naturopathy respectively. These research councils apart from engaging in clinical/ field research also undertake the following activities: -

  • Running Mobile health programme catering to backward regions and SC/ST communities

  • Undertaking health awareness campaigns.

  • Piloting Innovations like telemedicine with the help of common service centres.



Source: PIB


MAURITIUS IS CALLING UK AN ‘ILLEGAL COLONIAL OCCUPIER’

Part of GS-2 IR


Why in news?

Mauritius called the UK an “illegal colonial occupier”, after it ignored a UN mandated deadline to return the Chagos Islands, a small archipelago in the Indian Ocean, to Mauritius. The United Nations had given UK

six months to process the transfer, a move the UK and the US have bitterly resisted.


Highlights:

  • Timeline of Dispute:

  • Mauritius has argued that the Chagos Islands has been a part of its territory since at least the 18th century, till the United Kingdom broke the archipelago away from Mauritius in 1965 and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches from the Seychelles in the region to form the British Indian Ocean Territory.

  • In June 1976, after the Seychelles gained independence from the United Kingdom, the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches were returned by the UK.

  • The UK declared these islands as an overseas territory in November 1965. After Mauritius gained independence from the UK in 1968, the United Kingdom refused to return the Chagos Islands to Mauritius claiming in petitions submitted to the Permanent Court of Arbitration that the island was required to “accommodate the United States’ desire to use certain islands in the Indian Ocean for defence purposes”.

  • The largest island on the Chagos Islands archipelago, Diego Garcia, is where the US and the UK operate a large military base and was also used as a US military base for the US-led attacks against Afghanistan and Iraq in the 2000s. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, the military facility was also used as a CIA interrogation site.


CHAGOS ARCHIPELAGO:

  • The Chagos Archipelago is a group of seven atolls comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean.

  • It is officially part of the British Indian Ocean Territory.



Source: Indian Express


INDIA’S GDP GROWTH RATE SLIPPED

Part of GS-3 Economy


Why in news?

India’s GDP growth rate slipped to a 26-quarter low of 4.5 per cent in July-September, dragged lower by a contraction in manufacturing growth, data released by National Statistical Office showed.


Highlights:

  • Growth rate in terms of Gross Value Added (GVA), which is GDP minus net product taxes, has slowed to 4.3 per cent in July-September as against 6.9 per cent a year ago.

  • With this, GDP growth rate for April-September, the first half of this fiscal, is now at 4.8 per cent as against 7.5 per cent growth in the year-ago period.

  • The previous low for the country’s GDP growth was 4.3 per cent during January-March 2012-13.

  • In July-September, manufacturing growth slumped to (-)1.0 per cent as against 6.9 per cent growth last year, while the “agriculture, forestry and fishing” sector recorded a growth rate of 2.1 per cent as against 4.9 per cent last year. GVA growth for the construction sector also slowed to 3.3 per cent in July-September from 8.5 per cent year ago.

  • Most economists expected GDP growth rate for the second quarter to slow down to sub-5 per cent level, with most projections hovering in the 4.2-4.7 per cent range. GDP growth rate for April-June was recorded at 5.0 per cent.


Impact of Slow Growth Rate:

  • The slowdown in economy is also expected to adversely affect income growth which, in turn, would further dent consumption demand.

  • With declining household savings and lower buoyancy in government’s revenue collections, there will be limited fiscal space to spur economic growth and the monetary policy tool - through more rate cuts - could be relied on to boost growth going ahead.

  • In just about a year-and-a-half, India has hurtled down the economic growth path.

  • The GDP grew at a robust 8.1 per cent in January-March 2018. Since then, it has decelerated every consecutive quarter.



Source: Indian Express