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Daily Current Affairs : 31-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. ANTICIPATORY BAIL- SUPREME COURT

  2. SCHEMES OF NORTH EASTERN COUNCIL

  3. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INDIAN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE BILL, 2019

  4. EXERCISE SAMPRITI-IX: INDO-BANGLADESH

  5. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR HOMOEOPATHY BILL, 2019

  6. GLOBAL VIRUS EMERGENCY- WHO

  7. NAGOBA JATARA- TELANGANA

  8. THE MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2020


ANTICIPATORY BAIL- SUPREME COURT

part of GS- 2 Polity and Govrnance


Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court ruled that no time limit could be fixed while granting anticipatory bail, and that it could continue till the end of trial.


Highlights:

  • A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra said the court could extend pre-arrest bail, with suitable conditions, under Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC).

  • According to court, section 438 (anticipatory bail) of the Code of Criminal Procedure protects people from the ignominy of detention in jail for days on end and disgrace to their reputation.

  • Under Section 438 of the Criminal Procedure Code there is a provision for a person to seek ‘Anticipatory Bail’.

  • This means that an individual can seek or request to get bail in anticipation or in expectation of being named or accused of having committed a non-bailable offence.

  • To get anticipatory bail the person seeking it, must approach the Court of Sessions or the High Court and citing section 438 of the Criminal Procedure Code apply for it.

  • The bench, which also comprised Justices Indira Banerjee, Vineet Saran, MR Shah, and Ravindra Bhat, was hearing a matter regarding whether anticipatory bail should be limited to a particular period.

  • “Parliament has not thought it appropriate to curtail the rights of citizens. It will be dangerous to restrict such a power of arrest,” it said, reported Bar and Bench.

  • The bench was hearing a matter regarding whether anticipatory bail should be limited to a particular period.

  • According to court, the protection of anticipatory or pre-arrest bail cannot be limited to any time frame or “fixed period” as denial of bail amounts to deprivation of the fundamental right to personal liberty.


Source : Indian Express



SCHEMES OF NORTH EASTERN COUNCIL

Part of GS- North East


Why in news?

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the following: - Allocation of 30 percent of North Eastern Council’s (NEC’s) allocation for new projects- for focussed development of deprived areas.


Highlights:

  • Allocation of 30 percent of North Eastern Council’s (NEC’s) allocation for new projects under the existing “Schemes of North Eastern Council” for focussed development of deprived areas; deprived/neglected sections of society and emerging priority sectors in the North eastern States. The balance allocation shall be bifurcated in the existing two components (State component-60% and Central component-40%)


About NEC:

  • In 2018, the Government approved schemes of North Eastern Council (NEC) for 3 years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.

  • The projects under the existing “Schemes of NEC” will accrue socio-economic benefits to the marginalized and vulnerable groups of people in backward and neglected areas of the North Eastern States. It will lead to faster decision making and quick implementation of the projects.

  • Revision of the NEC guidelines for simplification of appraisal and approval mechanism

  • Allowing projects under State component, upto 25% of each State’s normative allocation, for sectors not covered in the mandate of NEC, but which are considered important as per local felt needs as per the recommendations of the State Governments.


Source: PIB



NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INDIAN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE BILL, 2019

Part of GS- Health


Why in news?

  • Cabinet approves Proposal for Official Amendments in the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019


Highlights:

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for proposal of Official Amendments in the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM) which is pending in the Rajya Sabha.

  • The Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970.

  • The Bill provides for the establishment of the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (NCISM). The NCISM will consist of 29 members, appointed by the central government.


Functions of the NCISM include:

  • (i) framing policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals of Indian System of Medicine and

  • (ii) ensuring coordination among the autonomous boards set up under the Bill.

  • The Bill sets up following autonomous boards under the supervision of the NCISM:

  • the Board of Ayurveda and the Board of Unani, Siddha, and Sowa-Rigpa,

  • the Medical Assessment and Rating Board for Indian System of Medicine and

  • the Ethics and Medical Registration Board