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Daily Current Affairs : 4-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. QUDS FORCE

  2. RITUALISTIC FESTIVAL ‘LAI HARAOBA’ BEGINS IN TRIPURA

  3. WORLD BOOK FAIR-2020

  4. EXTRAOCULAR VISION

  5. ABETMENT OF SUICIDE

  6. CHILD MARRIAGE

  7. PATOLA SAREE- KVIC

  8. SENNA SPECTABILIS

  9. SAVITRIBAI PHULE

  10. AROGYA SANJEEVANI POLICY



QUDS FORCE

Part of GS- 2 IR


Why in news?

  • Iran’s top security and intelligence commander, Major General Qassem Soleimani, was killed in a US drone attack in Baghdad. Why is the killing causing concern in the Middle East and beyond?


Highlights:

  • What exactly happened in Baghdad on Friday morning?

  • Gen Soleimani was killed in an airstrike, for which the US later claimed responsibility. The strike was carried out by a drone on a road near Baghdad’s international airport. Soleimani had reportedly just disembarked from a plane. The blast also killed others including Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, deputy commander of the Iranian-backed militias in Iraq known as Popular Mobilisation Forces.

  • The strike capped a week of conflict between the United States and Iranian-backed militia in Iraq, starting with a rocket attack at a military base on December 27, which killed an American contractor (see graphic).


Why is his killing such a big deal?

  • Because of his influence, observers have equated his killing with the killing of a United States Vice President. While he commanded respect in Iran, he was by most accounts a quiet man who usually stayed inconspicuous in public.

  • An earlier display of his power came in 2008, in a text message to US General David Petraeus, then commanding the Multi-National Force in Iraq. According to The Guardian, Soleimani texted: “General Petraeus, you should know that I, Qassem Soleimani, control the policy for Iran with respect to Iraq, Lebanon, Gaza, and Afghanistan. And indeed, the ambassador in Baghdad is a Quds Force member. The individual who’s going to replace him is a Quds Force member.”


What did the Quds Force do?

  • Khomeini had created the prototype in 1979, with the goal of protecting Iran and exporting the Islamic Revolution, Filkins wrote. In 1982, Revolutionary Guard officers were sent to Lebanon to help organise Shia militias in the civil war, which eventually led to the creation of Hezbollah. According to the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, the IRGC including the Quds Force has contributed roughly 125,000 men to Iran’s forces and has the capability of undertaking asymmetric warfare and covert operations.

  • In recent years, Soleimani was believed to be the chief strategist behind Iran’s military ventures and influence in Syria, Iraq and throughout the Middle East.


How has the US justified his killing?

  • The Department of Defense issued a statement underlining Soleimani’s leadership role in conflict with the US: “General Soleimani and his Quds Force were responsible for the deaths of hundreds of American and coalition service members and the wounding of thousands more. He had orchestrated attacks on coalition bases in Iraq over the last several months — including the attack on December 27th — culminating in the death and wounding of additional American and Iraqi personnel.”


What could happen now?

  • The strike has left the Middle East on edge, with possible repercussions beyond the region. President Rouhani said the killing would make Iran more decisive in resisting the US, while the Revolutionary Guards said anti-US forces would exact revenge across the Muslim world.

  • News agencies reported that US officials were braced for Iranian retaliatory attacks, possibly including cyberattacks and terrorism, on American interests and allies. Israel, too, was preparing for Iranian strikes.

  • Oil prices have already jumped by $3 a barrel. In India, a high-level meeting involving senior officials of Finance Ministry and Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas was held to assess the impact of a price rise and to review contingency measures.

  • Iranian Foreign Affairs Minister Javad Zarif tweeted: “The US’ act of international terrorism, targeting & assassinating General Soleimani-THE most effective force fighting Daesh (ISIS), Al Nusrah, Al Qaeda et al-is extremely dangerous & a foolish escalation. The US bears responsibility for all consequences of its rogue adventurism.”


Source: Indian Express



RITUALISTIC FESTIVAL ‘LAI HARAOBA’ BEGINS IN TRIPURA

Part of GS- 1 A&C


Why in news?

  • In Tripura, Lai Haraoba, a ritualistic festival observed by Manipuri meitei communities since ancient times, began in Agartala last evening.


Highlights:

  • The five day long festival is jointly organised by Department of Information and Cultural Affairs, Government of Tripura, Puthiba Lai Haraoba Committee and Puthiba Welfare & Cultural Society, Agartala.

  • The five-day long festival was inaugurated by Speaker of state legislative Assembly, Rebati Mohan Das.

  • The festival aims to uphold tradition and cultural values of Meitei community.

  • Lai Haraoba is celebrated through oral literature, music, dance and rituals.

  • A cultural troupe from Manipur has also come to take part in festival.

  • They will be performing various cultural and traditional musical skits including Manipuri martial arts, folk music and folk dances during the festival.


Source: AIR


WORLD BOOK FAIR-2020

Part of GS- Education


Why in news?