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Daily Current Affairs : 5-Dec-2019

Major Topics Covered :

  1. PM MODI, MALDIVIAN PRESIDENT JOINTLY INAUGURATE FOUR KEY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

  2. ERADICATION OF CORRUPTION

  3. SUNDAR PICHAI

  4. INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION AND CONVENTION CENTRE (IECC)

  5. BLUE FLAG CERTIFICATION

  6. MADDEN–JULIAN OSCILLATION

  7. FIT INDIA SCHOOL GRADING SYSTEM

  8. BHARAT BOND EXCHANGE TRADED FUND (ETF)

  9. PARLIAMENT PASSES THE SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019

  10. WORLD MALARIA REPORT 2019- BY WHO

  11. GLOBAL CARBON PROJECT- GLOBAL CO2 EMISSIONS

  12. NEW COUNTRY FORMED

  13. JEWAR AIRPORT


PM MODI, MALDIVIAN PRESIDENT JOINTLY INAUGURATE FOUR KEY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

Part of GS-2 IR


Why in news?


Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Maldivian President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih jointly inaugurated four key development projects covering a wide range of sectors through video conferencing this evening.


Highlights:


  • One of the projects includes the lighting up of Male using LED lights.

  • Another project is the launch of the RuPay card in Maldives.

  • Three fish processing plants were inaugurated and a Fast Interceptor Craft was gifted to the Maldives.

  • The NDA government's 'Neighbourhood First' and the Maldives Government's "India First" policies have strengthened bilateral cooperation in all sectors.

  • The "Made in India" Fast Interceptor Craft that was officially handed over to Coast Guard of the Maldives has been constructed in his home state. He said, the Fast Interceptor Craft will help enhance Maldive's maritime security, and promote the blue economy and tourism.

  • Indian tourist figures in Maldives have more than doubled and India has moved from 5th to 2nd position.

  • The RuPay Payment mechanism will further ease the travel of Indian to the Maldives.

  • The both countries are also working on building a Cancer Hospital and a Cricket Stadium in Hulhulmalé.


Source: AIR


ERADICATION OF CORRUPTION

Part of GS- Education


Why in news?

The Government of India is committed to “Zero Tolerance against Corruption” and has taken several measures to combat corruption and improve probity and accountability of Government institutions.


Highlights:

The steps taken by the Central Government, inter alia, include: -

  • Systemic improvements and reforms to provide transparent citizen-friendly services and reduce corruption. These, inter alia, include:

  • Disbursement of welfare benefits directly to the citizens under various schemes of the Government in a transparent manner through the Direct Benefit Transfer initiative.

  • Implementation of E-tendering in public procurements.

  • Introduction of e-Governance and simplification of procedure and systems

  • Introduction of Government procurement through the Government e-Marketplace (GeM)

  • An online “Probity Portal” operationalised since 2017 under which various Ministries/Departments, autonomous organizations and public sector banks etc. enter information regarding review under FR 56(j), cases for sanction for prosecution, implementation of rotational transfer policy and disciplinary proceedings etc.

  • Discontinuation of interviews in recruitment of Group ‘B’ (Non-Gazetted) and Group ‘C’ posts in Government of India.

  • Invocation of FR-56(j) and AIS (DCRB) Rules, 1958 for prematurely retiring officials whose performance has been reviewed and found unsatisfactory.

  • The All India Services (Disciplinary and Appeal) Rules and Central Civil Services (Classification, Control and Appeal) Rules have been amended to provide strict timelines in the procedure related to disciplinary proceedings.

  • The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 has been amended on 26.07.2018 to bring a paradigm shift in tackling corruption in as much as clearly criminalizing the act of giving bribe, checking big ticket corruption by creating a vicarious liability in respect of senior management of commercial organizations where the act of giving of bribe is with their consent or connivance.

  • Issue of instructions by the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) asking the organizations to adopt Integrity Pact in major procurement activities and to ensure effective and expeditious investigation wherever any irregularity/misconduct is noticed.

  • The institution of Lokpal has been operationalised by appointment of a Chairperson and eight Members, including four judicial Members. Lokpal is statutorily mandated to directly receive and independently process complaints as regards alleged offences against public servants under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

  • In addition, the CVC, as an apex integrity institution, has adopted a multi-pronged strategy and approach to combat corruption, which encompasses punitive, preventive and participative vigilance.

  • This Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions has taken several measures to help people to ensure access to relevant information. These, inter alia, include:

  • Enactment of Right to Information (RTI) Act, 2005 to set out practical regime of right of information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of Public Authorities.

  • Launching of a web portal namely RTI online with URL www.rtionline.gov.in for all Central Ministries/ Departments/CPSUs for making it convenient for citizens to file RTI requests and first appeals online.

  • Guidelines Issued on Suo moto disclosure of information by Public Authorities.

  • Providing funds to various State Governments for establishing helpline in order to facilitate obtaining of the information by the RTI applicants. Funds are also provided each year to various State Administrative Training Institutes (ATIs) by the Government to generate awareness among the citizens through measures like Distance learning programmes and Online Certificate Course in regional languages, publishing of handbooks on RTI and distribution of the same among the public.


Source: PIB


SUNDAR PICHAI

Part of GS-2 IR


Why in news?

@sundarpichaiGoogle co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin have announced that they are stepping down from the leadership role of the parent company Alphabet.


Highlights:

  • Google CEO Indian-American Sundar Pichai will be assuming the role of Alphabet CEO, making him one of the most powerful corporate leaders of the world.

  • Considered as a significant shakeup in the Silicon Valley company, an announcement in this regard was made by Page and Brin in a letter to the company employees.

  • They said, Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President and Sundar Pichai will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet.

  • Endorsing the leadership role played by Pichai ever since he was made Google CEO, Page and Brin said the Indian-American brings humility and a deep passion for technology to their users, partners, and employees every day.


Source: AIR