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Daily Current Affairs : 6-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. WORLD BRAILLE DAY

  2. DORNIER 228 AIRCRAFT

  3. YEAR END REVIEW: MINISTRY OF TOURISM

  4. FOREST FIRES

  5. BLCS (TYPE A & B)

  6. ‘ANTARRASHTRIYA YOGA DIWAS MEDIA SAMMAN’

  7. 'SUKANYA'

  8. UJALA & SLNP

  9. NEUTRAL PRONOUN 'THEY'

  10. SMOG TOWER

  11. ETHICAL VEGANISM

  12. SARAS Mk 2

  13. SCIENTIFIC SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

  14. ITR FORMS


WORLD BRAILLE DAY

Part of GS- 1 Social Issues


Why in news?

  • The world Braille Day is being celebratedon 4 JAN 2020. The day is marked remembering the birth anniversary of Louis Braille, the inventor of Braille - for people with visual disabilities.


Highlights:

  • Louis Braille was born on 4th January 1809 in the town of Coupvray in northern France.

  • At the age of just 3, he lost both his eyes in an accident. This resulted in the invention of the language of 6 dots- which is popularly known as braille.

  • World Braille Day, celebrated since 2019, is observed to raise awareness of the importance of Braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and partially sighted people.

  • The Braille Script consists of raised dots arranged in "cells."

  • A cell is made up of six dots that fit under the fingertips, arranged in two columns of three dots each.

  • Each cell represents a letter, a word, a combination of letters, a numeral or a punctuation mark.

  • Braille is essential in the context of education, freedom of expression and opinion, as well as social inclusion, as reflected in article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

  • The aim of this initiative is to spread awareness among society about the plight and cause of people with visual disabilities.


Source: AIR



DORNIER 228 AIRCRAFT

Part of GS- 3 Defence & Security


Why in news?

  • The Chief of the Air Staff formally inducted the Flight Inspection system (FIS) Dornier 228 aircraft into No 41 Squadron, the ‘Otters.’


Highlights:

  • The Dornier-228 aircraft is a multi-purpose, fuel efficient, rugged, light weight twin turboprop aircraft with a retractable tricycle landing gear.

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) in 2015 had signed a contract to purchase 14 Dornier aircraft, which are flight inspection system planes, from state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

  • While the first aircraft was delivered in November 2019, the second is expected to be delivered in early 2020.

  • This aircraft has been exported to Seychelles and Mauritius.

  • The aircraft's cockpit is designed to accommodate two crew members and is fitted with duplicate controls.

  • The modified Dornier 228 aircraft have been acquired to undertake in-house calibration of Navigational aids available after implementation of Modernised Airfield Infrastructure (MAFI) at IAF bases.


Source : Economic Times


YEAR END REVIEW: MINISTRY OF TOURISM

Part of GS- 3 Economy


Why in news?

  • India ranks 34th in Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index

  • Government is committed to make policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism and the year 2019 witnessed several steps in this direction.


Highlights:

  • As the sector has the capacity to boost the economy, foreign exchange earnings and provide a large number of jobs at every level, tourism Ministry is continuously consulting and collaborating with other different stakeholders to boost the sector.

  • Reducing E-visa fees, decreasing GST rates on hotel room booking and opening 120 new peaks for mountaineering are among the major highlights of Tourism Ministry in 2019. Along with these several steps taken under Swadesh Darshan, PRASHAD Scheme and various other events of Ek Bharat, Shresth Bharat were also undertaken during the year.

  • AIR Correspondent reports that in the year 2019, India’s rank in Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index of World Economic Forum has moved to 34th position from 65th rank in 2013.

  • Foreign Tourist Arrivals also registered a growth of 3.2 percent last year.

  • The government is working to develop thematic circuits under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme and 77 projects amounting over Rs 6035 crore have been sanctioned till date under this scheme.

  • An initiative called - 'Adopt a Heritage: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan' has been launched for developing tourist amenities at heritage and tourist sites and making them tourist-friendly.

  • E-visa has been further liberalized and visa fee on e - visa has been substantially reduced to increase tourism competitiveness of the country.

  • The Government has also opened more than 120 mountain peaks for mountaineering and trekking for promoting adventure tourism in the country.


Source: AIR


FOREST FIRES

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?

  • The Forest Survey of India (FSI) released the 2019 report on Forest Fires. It is based on a study carried out by the FSI along forest fire points identified across the country from 2004 to 2017.


Highlights: