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Daily Current Affairs : 9-Jan-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. MLAT - MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE

  2. NEW WETLAND CONSERVATION RULES

  3. SHAHEED ASHFAQULLAH KHAN

  4. NATURAL GAS SUPPLIES IN NORTHEAST

  5. TOI 700 D “GOLDILOCKS ZONE”

  6. NEELACHAL ISPAT NIGAM LIMITED (NINL)

  7. GUJARAT AYURVED UNIVERSITY CAMPUS IN JAMNAGAR.

  8. MIGRATION AND MOBILITY PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT

  9. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN HEALTH

  10. EPIPHANY FESTIVAL


MLAT - MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE TREATIES

Part of GS- 3 Defence & Security


Why in news? The Centre has issued revised guidelines for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters with other nations as part of the government's policy of zero tolerance for crime and its endeavour to fast track the dispensation of justice.


Highlights:


• India has Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties, MLAT with 42 countries and is signatory to various International Conventions for cooperation in criminal matters.


Home Ministry is the designated central authority for the country.


• Under the MLAT, a country can request for obtaining evidence for criminal investigations and prosecutions.


• The evidence includes witness statements or the service of documents among others.


• Home Ministry said, by incorporating various legal and technological developments in recent years, it aims to make the documentation more compliant with international requirements.


• The revised guidelines provide step-by-step guidance to the investigation agencies for drafting and processing letters rogatory or mutual legal assistance requests and service of summons, notices and other judicial documents.


• The guidelines have taken into account the concerns raised by various courts for prompt and timely responses in service of documents to person residing abroad.


• These revised guidelines have provision for service of documents to authorities of foreign country preferably within ten days of receipt of request in respect of offences committed against women and children.


Source : All India Radio


NEW WETLAND CONSERVATION RULES

Part of GS- 3 Environment


Why in news?

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the new Wetland Conservation Rules which prohibit setting up or expansion of industries and disposal of construction and demolition waste within the wetlands.


Highlights:


• A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, and it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.


• The Centre had in September 2019, identified 130 wetlands for priority restoration in the next five years.


• The highest number of such identified wetlands are in Uttar Pradesh (16) followed by Madhya Pradesh (13), Jammu & Kashmir (12), Gujarat (8), Karnataka (7) and West Bengal (6).


• The Ministry has said that each state and Union Territory will have to set up an authority that will define strategies for conservation and wise use of wetlands within their jurisdiction.


• The Authority will prepare a list of all wetlands of the State or UT within three months from the date of publication of these rules.


• It will develop a comprehensive list of activities to be regulated and permitted within the notified wetlands and their zone of influence.


• It will also recommend mechanisms for maintenance of ecological character through promotional activities for land within the boundary of notified wetlands.


• The Ministry has also created a web portal for sharing information regarding the implementation of Wetlands Rules where the central government, state governments are required to upload all relevant information and documents pertaining to wetlands in their jurisdiction.