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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 01-July-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. India’s app ban threatens China’s rise as a global tech power

  2. Govt declared entire Nagaland 'disturbed area' for 6 more months

  3. China must reconsider Hong Kong security law, 27 countries tell UN

  4. China opens border dispute with India ally Bhutan

  5. G4, a virus with pandemic potential which has just been found in China 

  6. Ban on apps ‘ambiguous, against international trade practice’, says China

  7. CanSino’s Covid vaccine 

  8. Globbaandersonii


INDIA’S APP BAN THREATENS CHINA’S RISE AS A GLOBAL TECH POWER

Why in news?

  • China over the past decade built an alternate online reality where Google and Facebook barely exist. Now its own largest tech corporations from Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. to Tencent Holdings Ltd. are getting a taste of what a shutout feels like. 


Highlights:

  • India’s unprecedented decision to ban 59 of China’s largest apps is a warning to the country’s tech giants, who for years thrived behind a government-imposed Great Firewall that kept out many of America’s best-known internet names.

  • If India finds a way to carry out that threat, it may present a model for other countries from Europe to Southeast Asia that seek to curtail the pervasiveness of apps like ByteDance Ltd.’s TikTok while safeguarding their citizens’ enormously valuable data. 

  • With China’s tech companies poised to become some of the most dominant in emerging industries like artificial intelligence, India’s actions may spur countries around the world to weigh the extent to which they let China gain user data -- and potentially economic leverage in future disputes. 

  • Techno-nationalism will manifest itself increasingly across all aspects of geopolitics: national security, economic competitiveness, even social values.

  • The country’s government procurement website has barred purchases of Chinese-made goods.

  • Authorities have asked the largest e-commerce companies, including Amazon.com Inc. and Walmart Inc.’s Flipkart, to start showing “country of origin” on goods sold. And India is said to be dragging its heels on clearing goods imported from China, stranding electronics at ports. 


Source : TOI (https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/indias-app-ban-threatens-chinas-rise-as-a-global-tech-power/articleshow/76715699.cms )


GOVT DECLARED ENTIRE NAGALAND 'DISTURBED AREA' FOR 6 MORE MONTHS

Why in news?

  • The Centre on Tuesday declared the entire Nagaland as "disturbed area" for a further period of six months till December-end. 


Highlights:

  • The Home Ministry said the central government is of the opinion that the area comprising the whole Nagaland is in such a disturbed and dangerous condition that the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power is necessary. 

  • Nagaland has been under the coverage of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) for almost six decades and it was not withdrawn even after a framework agreement was signed on August 3, 2015.

  • The decision to maintain the status quo in Nagaland regarding coverage of AFSPA, a law slammed by many civil society groups as "draconian", came amidst reports of deteriorating law and order situation there. 

  • The AFSPA gives the armed forces sweeping powers to search and arrest, and to open fire if they deem it necessary for "the maintenance of public order".


Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/govt-declared-entire-nagaland-disturbed-area-for-6-more-months/articleshow/76718503.cms )


CHINA MUST RECONSIDER HONG KONG SECURITY LAW, 27 COUNTRIES TELL UN

Why in news?

  • China must reconsider its sweeping national security law imposed on Hong Kong which "undermines" the city's freedoms, 27 countries said in a joint statement Tuesday.