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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 01-June-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. Trump wants to expand G7 to G10/11 to include India

  2. SpaceX rocket lifts off on historic private crewed flight

  3. State proposes submerged plateau off Malvan to be declared as protected area

  4. Telangana barred from taking up new projects on Godavari, Krishna rivers 

  5. Ahilyabai Holkar

  6. Nepal’s 2nd Constitutional Amendment Bill


TRUMP WANTS TO EXPAND G7 TO G10/11 TO INCLUDE INDIA

Why in news?

  • US President Donald Trump wants to reformat G7, the group of seven advanced economies in the world, to make it a G10 or G11 that would include India, Australia, South Korea, and Russia. 


Highlights:

  • Calling the existing formation “outdated,” Trump revealed the idea of an expanded group after announcing that he was scrubbing the G7 he had planned to host at Camp David in June. 

  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel bailed out of the meeting earlier this week after Trump revised his decision on a virtual summit because of the coronavirus and decided he would host it in person.

  • Other G7 countries - United Kingdom, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan - too appeared lukewarm about the summit given the pandemic situation worldwide. 

History of G7:

  • As the world reeled from the first oil shock and subsequent financial crisis, the heads of state and government of the six leading industrial countries met in 1975 for the first time to discuss the global economy.

  • They were joined in 1976 by Canada and in 1998 by Russia.

  • Following the Russian annexation of Crimea, the G7 nations decided in March 2014 to meet without Russia until further notice.

  • The G7 was born as a result of the huge economic problems facing the world in the 1970s. The first oil shock and the collapse of the Bretton Woods fixed exchange rate system had the world on tenterhooks. These were grounds enough for the heads of state and government to consult on international economic policy.


Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/g-haan-trump-wants-to-expand-g7-to-g10/11-to-include-india/articleshow/76116297.cms )


SPACEX ROCKET LIFTS OFF ON HISTORIC PRIVATE CREWED FLIGHT

Why in news?

  • A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying two veteran NASA astronauts lifted off on Saturday on an historic first private crewed flight into space. 


Highlights:

  • The two-stage Falcon 9 rocket with astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley aboard blasted off smoothly in a cloud of orange flames and smoke from Launch Pad 39A at Florida's Kennedy Space Center for the 19-hour voyage to the International Space Station. 

  • The first booster stage of the rocket separated cleanly and landed upright on a barge off the Atlantic coast. 

  • The second stage also separated smoothly, sending the astronauts in the Crew Dragon capsule on their way to the space station orbiting some 250 miles (450 kilometers) above the Earth. 

  • The first crewed flight from US soil since the space shuttle program ended in 2011 had originally been scheduled for Wednesday but was delayed because of weather conditions, which also remained uncertain on Saturday right up until liftoff at 3:22 pm (1922 GMT). 

  • President Donald Trump flew to Florida aboard Air Force One to watch the launch and described it as "really something special." 

  • It finally docked to the ISS.


Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/spacex-rocket-lifts-off-on-historic-private-crewed-flight/articleshow/76114247.cms )


STATE PROPOSES SUBMERGED PLATEAU OFF MALVAN TO BE DECLARED AS PROTECTED AREA

Why in news?