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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 04-April-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. HEALTH MINISTRY ADVISORY TO THE ELDERLY

  2. LINKAGE BETWEEN BCG VACCINE AND COVID-19

  3. DRDO DEVELOPS BIO-SUITS

  4. TALIBAN ON TERRORISM AND INDIA

  5. RANITIDINE

  6. WTO PEACE CLAUSE

  7. FISHERIES SUBSIDIES AT WTO

  8. GOVERNMENT RESERVES JOBS IN J&K FOR DOMICILES

  9. KERALA KARNATAKA BORDER ROW


HEALTH MINISTRY ADVISORY TO THE ELDERLY

Why in news?

  • The Union Health Ministry issued an advisory to the elderly in the wake of the novel coronavirus pandemic, warning that the disease tends to be more severe among the elderly, resulting in higher mortality.


Highlights:

  • Elderly people are at a higher risk of COVID-19 infection due to their decreased immunity and body reserves, as well as multiple associated co-morbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  •  It asked the elderly to stay at home, avoid meeting visitors at home and if a meeting is essential, maintain a distance of one metre.

  • The instructions include washing hands and face at regular intervals with soap and water, sneezing and coughing either into the elbow or into a tissue paper or handkerchief, disposing of the tissue paper after coughing or sneezing, washing the handkerchief after use and ensuring proper nutrition through home-cooked fresh hot meals, drinking water frequently and taking fresh juices to boost immunity.

  • The elderly population has also been advised to postpone elective surgeries (if any) such as cataract surgery or total knee replacement as far as possible, do tele-consultation with their healthcare provider and not to go to crowded places such as parks, markets and religious places.


Source : Hindu



LINKAGE BETWEEN BCG VACCINE AND COVID-19

Why in news?

  • Doctors and scientists in India have expressed caution on a study which argues that countries that have deployed the BCG-tuberculosis vaccine in their immunisation programmes have seen fewer deaths from COVID-19.


Highlights:

  • The study argues that 55 middle and high-income countries chosen for the analysis that have a current universal BCG policy had 0.78 deaths per million people, whereas middle and high income countries that never had a universal BCG policy (five countries) had a larger mortality rate, with 16.39 deaths per million people, a significant variation.

  • The BCG vaccine is known to confer a strong immune response that have protective effects beyond just staving off a tuberculosis infection and because COVID-19 was particularly lethal to the elderly, those countries where the elderly were likely to have had a BCG shot in their childhood were likely to be better protected against the coronavirus, the authors argue.

  • However it was premature for India — that has had a consistent TB vaccination policy since 1968 — to take comfort. 


Source : Hindu



DRDO DEVELOPS BIO-SUITS

Why in news?

  • In a major breakthrough, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a special sealant as an alternative to seam sealing tape which is critical in personal protective equipment (PPE).


Highlights:

  • A bio suit was developed to keep medical and other personnel engaged in combating COVID-19 safe from the deadly virus.

  • The DRDO has prepared a special sealant as an alternative to seam sealing tape based on the sealant used in submarine applications. Presently, bio suits prepared using this glue for seam sealing by an industry partner has cleared test at the Southern India Textile Research Association (SITRA), Coimbatore

  • Bio suit production in the country by DRDO industry partners and other industries was being hampered due to non-availability of seam sealing tapes. The DRDO can mass produce this glue through the industry to support the seam sealing activity by suit manufacturers.


Source : Hindu



TALIBAN ON TERRORISM AND INDIA

Why in news?

  • Externally supported terrorism does not exist in Afghanistan, the Taliban said and urged India to ensure welfare of its Muslim community. 


Highli