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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 04-June-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. Several strategic objectives at play in India-China border stand-off

  2. SC refuses to entertain PIL that wanted ‘India’ replaced with ‘Bharat’

  3. FRBM framework will need to be updated, says former CEA Arvind Subramanian

  4. Govt. to boost infrastructure in areas along China border 

  5. Cabinet nod for agri marketing reforms

  6. Need new stimulus of ₹10 lakh cr. - Economists



SEVERAL STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AT PLAY IN INDIA-CHINA BORDER STAND-OFF

Why in news?

  • There is a larger dynamic at work in the India-China confrontation in Ladakh, one where India faces a pushback for trying to use the communist giant’s new post-Covid vulnerabilities to reduce its ability to flex muscle on the regional and global stage. 


Highlights:

  • The Chinese intrusions across the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in east Ladakh reflect “salami tactics” it has used to expand territorial and strategic space, not the least looking to wear down an opponent psychologically. 

  • It may also be a recognition that India is seeking to rework an equation that has allowed China to use the unsettled border and Pakistan to keep India off balance. 

  • It is a repercussion of India pitching itself as a welcoming destination to investors looking to leave China and being a part of a global effort to seek an investigation into the origin of coronavirus.

  • The Indian resolve to stand its ground in east Ladakh clearly indicates that China will need to ultimately pull back. This may need some trade-offs, but India's position is clear enough — China can use the element of surprise to get into Indian territory, but there will be no give or acceptance of a unilateral reordering of the LAC. 


Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/several-strategic-objectives-at-play-in-india-china-border-stand-off/articleshow/76165955.cms )


SC REFUSES TO ENTERTAIN PIL THAT WANTED ‘INDIA’ REPLACED WITH ‘BHARAT’

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday refused to entertain a Public Interest Litigations that wanted ‘India’ to be replaced with ‘Bharat’ as the name of the country, saying it was already there in the Constitution.


Highlights:

  • “We can’t do that. India is already called Bharat in the Constitution,” a Bench led by Chief Justice of India SA Bobde told petitioner’s counsel Ashwin Vaish.

  • Vaish argued that ‘India’ was derived from Greek word ‘Indica’ and it the name didn’t originate in the country. Renaming it to Bharat will help the country get over its colonial past, he said on behalf of petitioner Namaha.

  • At present, Article 1 of the Constitution states, “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.”


Source : Tribune India ( https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/sc-refuses-to-entertain-pil-that-wanted-india-replaced-with-bharat-93985 )


FRBM FRAMEWORK WILL NEED TO BE UPDATED, SAYS FORMER CEA ARVIND SUBRAMANIAN