• Admin

UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 10-April-2020

Major Topics Covered :

  1. GOVERNMENT PACKAGE AGAINST COVID – 19

  2. WILDLIFE TRADE, HABITAT DEGRADATION DRIVING CORONAVIRUS SPILLOVER: STUDY

  3. ICMR REVISES STRATEGY FOR CORONAVIRUS

  4. PAK JOINS SAARC COVID FUND

  5. MORE THAN STIMULUS, VIRUS-AFFECTED COUNTRIES NEED PROACTIVE FISCAL POLICIES: IMF

  6. DELHI’s OPERATION SHIELD

  7. PRE-CONCEPTION AND PRE-NATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES ACT, 1994

  8. WHY DID BETELGEUSE DIM?



GOVERNMENT PACKAGE AGAINST COVID – 19

Why in news?

  • Government of India (GoI) has announced significant investments to the tune of Rs.15000 crores for 'India COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health System Preparedness Package'. 


Highlights:

  • The funds sanctioned will be utilized for immediate COVID-19 Emergency Response (amount of Rs.7774 crores) and rest for medium-term support (1-4 years) to be provided under mission mode approach.


Objectives of the Package :

  • Mounting emergency response to slow and limit COVID-19 in India through the development of diagnostics and COVID-19 dedicated treatment facilities,

  • Centralized procurement of essential medical equipment and drugs required for treatment of infected patients, 

  • Strengthen and build resilient National and State health systems to support prevention and preparedness for future disease outbreaks,

  • Setting up of laboratories and bolster surveillance activities,

  • Bio-security preparedness,

  • Pandemic research and

  • Proactively engage communities and

  • Conduct risk communication activities. 

  • These interventions and initiatives would be implemented under the overall umbrella of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.


Source : PIB ( https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx )



WILDLIFE TRADE, HABITAT DEGRADATION DRIVING CORONAVIRUS SPILLOVER: STUDY

Why in news?

  • Exploitation of wildlife by humans through hunting, trade, and habitat degradation leads to close contact between the animals and humans, increasing the risk of spillover of viruses like the novel coronavirus which causes COVID-19, according to a study. 


Highlights:

  • The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, provides new evidence for assessing spillover risk in animal species and highlights how the processes that create wildlife population declines also enable the transmission of animal viruses to humans. 

  • Domesticated animals, including livestock, have shared the highest number of viruses with humans, with eight times more zoonotic viruses compared to wild mammalian species. 

  • Wild animals that have increased in abundance and adapted well to human-dominated environments also share more viruses with people. 

  • These include some rodent, bat and primate species that live among people, near our homes, and around our farms and crops, making them high-risk for ongoing transmission of viruses to people

  • Bats repeatedly have been implicated as a source of "high consequence" pathogens, including SARS, Nipah virus, Marburg virus and ebolaviruses, the study noted.


Source : Times of India ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/wildlife-trade-habitat-degradation-driving-coronavirus-spillover-study/articleshow/75043290.cms )



ICMR REVISES STRATEGY FOR CORONAVIRUS

Why in news?

  • Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on Thursday revised the testing strategy for COVID-19 disease clusters where it had earlier recommended antibody (blood-based) tests for anyone reporting influenza like illness (ILI) symptoms.


Highlights:

  • Revising the old guidance today, ICMR mandated nose/throat swab based current Covid test for all symptomatic people in hotspots or migrant centres.

  • All symptomatic ILI (fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose) will be tested with RT-PCR (swab test) within seven days of illness. After seven days of illness, these same people will be administered the antibody test. If the test is negative, it must be confirmed by RT-PCR

  • Besides the above hotspot category that also covers large migration gathering centres, the following sets of people are to undergo Covid testing in India as per current ICMR guidance —

  • All symptomatic individuals who have undertaken international travel in the last 14 days;

  • All symptomatic contacts of laboratory confirmed cases;

  • all symptomatic healthcare workers;

  • all patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Illness (fever and cough and/or shortness of breath);