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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 12-June-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. SC takes note of issues relating to treatment of Covid patients, dignified handling of bodies.

  2. Reservation not fundamental right

  3. State-run firms need not pay AGR dues: Supreme Court

  4. Germany eyes 'world number one' spot in green hydrogen

  5. Govt. considering universal basic income, says NHRC 

  6. Trump targets ICC with sanctions over Afghanistan war crimes case

  7. First estimation exercise of Indian gaur in Nilgiris in recent years 


SC TAKES NOTE OF ISSUES RELATING TO TREATMENT OF COVID PATIENTS, DIGNIFIED HANDLING OF BODIES

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Thursday took cognizance on its own of reports of improper handling of Covid-19 patients and undignified disposal of the victims' bodies in the country. 


Highlights:

  • The Supreme Court on Thursday registered a suo motu (on its own) case regarding the issues surrounding the treatment of Covid-19 patients and handling of dead bodies of Covid-19 victims in hospitals.

  • Former Union law minister Ashwini Kumar had written to the CJI on June 8 highlighting the undesirable manner in which patients and dead bodies were being handled.

  • Kumar pointed out a news report of a Covid-19 patient being chained to a bed in a hospital in Madhya Pradesh.

  • He also drew the attention of the CJI to an incident from Puducherry where a dead body was being thrown into a pit for burial.

  • Right to die with dignity is a fundamental right and it includes the right to a decent burial or cremation, Kumar had said in his letter.

  • This would be the third case which the top court would be hearing suo-motu in relation to issues stemming out of Covid-19.


Source : Hindustan Times ( https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/supreme-court-to-hear-plea-on-treatment-of-covid-19-patients/story-tcQsFCNq7kaReLNwOQ9XHI.html )


RESERVATION NOT FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Thursday once again said that right to reservation is not a fundamental right while rejecting pleas challenging the Centre’s decision to not grant 50% reservation to OBCs in Tamil Nadu medical colleges.


Highlights:

  • The Supreme Court bench said that “right to reservation is not a fundamental right”.

  • The Supreme Court has refused to entertain a bunch of pleas filed by various political parties against the Centre's decision not to grant 50% reservation to OBCs as per Tamil Nadu law in medical seats surrendered by the state in the All India Quota for under graduate, post graduate and dental courses in 2020-21.

  • Ruling AIADMK had alleged that there was no rational basis for not extending the benefit of 50 per cent reservation for OBCs, as envisaged under the State laws of Tamil Nadu, to the State-captured seats in the All India Quota.


Source : India Today (https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/reservation-not-fundamental-right-supreme-court-on-obc-quota-in-tamil-nadu-medical-colleges-1687903-2020-06-11 )


STATE-RUN FIRMS NEED NOT PAY AGR DUES: SUPREME COURT

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Thursday provided relief to public sector undertaking who had been given a demand notice for spectrum dues even as it dashed hopes of a breather for telecom companies by asking them to file affidavits on the roadmap and guarantee for payment of adjusted gross revenue (AGR) related dues to the government.


Highlights:

  • Hearing the case on AGR-related dues of telecom companies, including Vodafone Idea, Tata Teleservice, and Bharti Airtel, the court directed mobile operators to furnish details with respect to the revenue earned by them and their plan of action as to how they intend to clear the AGR dues.

  • The apex court had on 24 October upheld the Department of Telecommunication (DoT) definition of AGR and ordered telecom firms to pay levies based on that definition, along with interest on the principal amount and penalty.

  • The bench also held that the 2019 AGR judgment was wrongfully interpreted to raise demands from the PSUs. It also asked the DoT to consider its bills from public sector companies like Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCIL), GAIL India, GNFC and Oil India.

  • The bench comprising Justices MR Shah and S Abdul Nazeer observing the difference in the licenses of telcos and PSUs asked the government to explain the demands raised against state-owned companies based on the AGR judgement.

  • Justice Mishra slammed DoT for raising demand from various PSUs under the garb of its judgement on AGR and threatened to take action against the concerned officers. 


Source : Livemint (https://www.livemint.com/industry/telecom/agr-case-sc-gives-relief-to-psus-and-hope-to-telcos-11591884991223.html )


GERMANY EYES 'WORLD NUMBER ONE' SPOT IN GREEN HYDROGEN