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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 14-April-2020

Major Topic Covered :

  1. False negative coronavirus tests as a concern.

  2. Impact of COVID – 19 on sex workers.

  3. SC rejects plea against PM CARES fund.

  4. SC on free COVID-19 testing.

  5. CollabCAD

  6. Floor test is governor’s discretion

  7. Deep Nude

  8. Child Pornography




FALSE NEGATIVE CORONAVIRUS TESTS AS A CONCERN

Why in news?

  • There has been concern about the manner in which some COVID-19 patients have apparently relapsed. Only days after testing negative, they have been confirmed positive a second time. In Pune, a woman in her sixties tested negative, then fell critically ill with the infection three or four days later, and subsequently died.


Highlights:

  • The tests based on detection of genetic material are very sensitive, but yes sometimes are negative. It can be because the swab was not taken right or the test was run badly, or sometimes simply because the virus may shed in different amounts, and was not there in the nose at that time. If the infection is in the lung, then a nose swab may not detect it. To be confirmed negative after being positive… you normally need two negative swabs 24 hours apart to be sure.

  • The test can be negative if the sample is not obtained or processed correctly or even obtained too early, said a scientist at the National Institute of Virology.

  • A negative test often does not mean the person does not have the disease, and test results need to be considered in the context of patient characteristics and exposure

  • Concerns about false negatives arise from a mix of factors:

  • Quickly created tests from dozens of labs and manufacturers that haven't been extensively vetted by federal health regulators;

  • A shortage of supplies and material for the tests that may impact results,

  • Long incubation times for the infection, and

  • The challenge of getting an adequate sample from a patient. 


Source : Indian Express and Bloomberg ( https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-false-negative-tests-are-a-concern-coronavirus-vaccine-tests-6359650/ & https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-11/false-negative-coronavirus-test-results-raise-doctors-doubts )


IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON SEX WORKERS

Why in news?

  • The Indian government's decision to impose a strict lockdown in an attempt to curb the spread of the new coronavirus last month has triggered a mass exodus of migrant workers from cities as economic activity came to a standstill. But for thousands of sex workers living in cities across India, there is nowhere to go.


Highlights:

  • The loss of income overnight has plunged one of the most vulnerable and marginalised groups into the depths of anxiety and deprivation.

  • On April 8, the Global Network of Sex Work Projects and UNAIDS released a statement highlighting the hardship and discrimination faced by sex workers in this time, urging countries to ensure that their human rights be respected and fulfilled.

  • The statement read: "... Whenever and wherever possible, sex workers are responsibly self-isolating in response to governments' calls. However, when they are excluded from COVID-19 social protection responses, sex workers are faced with putting their safety, their health and their lives at increased risk just to survive..."

  • The government announced a $22.5bn relief package for the poor but it is not clear if it will benefit sex workers.

  • Sex work in India is governed by the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956. It is currently illegal to solicit sex sale in public and to organise commercial sex. While there are no official figures, the number of sex workers could be anywhere between 1.25 million and 3 million. Activists believe this to be a conservative estimate.

  • The core clientele has traditionally been migrant workers, truck drivers and other men who are away from their families. Given that this group is also grappling with the horrific economic effect of the lockdown, sex workers - themselves daily wage earners - are staring at months without business.

  • The National Commission for Women, a statutory body concerned with advising the government on policy matters affecting women, has decided to look into the issue of sex workers.


Source : AL JAZEERA ( https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/trump-warned-early-coronavirus-threat-live-updates-200411231342507.html )



SC REJECTS PLEA AGAINST PM CARES FUND

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Monday refused to entertain a plea seeking quashing of the decision to set up the PM CARES Fund, where people can donate money, to deal with the situation arising out of the Covid-19 pandemic. 


Highlights: