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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 15-July-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. Pragyata Guidelines

  2. Medical test not needed for trans ID certificate: draft rules

  3. U.S. rejects Beijing’s claims in S. China Sea

  4. NPAs may witness unprecedented increase in 6 months: Raghuram Rajan

  5. India, EU ink civil nuclear pact


Why in news?

  • Schools can hold live online classes for a maximum of 1.5 hours per day for Classes 1-8, and three hours per day for Classes 9-12, according to the Pragyata guidelines for digital education, released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on Tuesday. 


  • These guidelines, prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), are only advisory in nature, and State governments have been asked to build on them and formulate their own rules, based on local needs.

  • Over 25 crore students have been out of school since mid-March.

  1. The Pragyata guidelines acknowledge that these students live in households which fall into different categories:

  • those having computers or smartphones with 4G,

  • those with smartphones but limited or no internet access,

  • those with TV with cable or DTH,

  • those with a radio set or a basic phone with FM radio, and

  • those with no communication devices at all.

  1. Noting that members from different categories may be present in the same class, the guidelines advise schools to survey students before making decisions on the mode of teaching. 

  2. Children exposed to digital technologies or gadgets for a longer time are prone to severe health issues

Source : Hindu ( Page 1, 15 Jul. 20 )


Why in news?

  • After facing flak from the transgender community, the Union government has done away with the requirement of a medical examination for trans persons applying for a certificate of identity in its latest draft rules framed under the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.


  • The draft of the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020, published in the gazette on Monday, stated that a District Magistrate would issue a transgender identity certificate and card based on an affidavit by the applicant, “but without any medical examination”.

  • An earlier draft of the rules, for which the Ministry had invited public comments till May 18, mandated a report from a psychologist along with the affidavit for the application.

  • The trans rights movement had opposed this, as it was seen as going against a trans person’s right to self-identification.

  • An online application system was being prepared and may be ready by September.

  • Trans persons would be required to fill out a form and submit an affidavit saying they perceive themselves to be “a transgender person whose gender does not match with the gender assigned at birth”.

  • In case of change of gender, the application for new identification certificate would require a certificate from the medical superintendent or chief medical officer of the medical institution where the applicant underwent the intervention.

Source : Hindu (Page 11, 15 Jul. 20 )


Why in news?

  • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Monday the United States would treat Beijing’s pursuit of resources in the dispute-rife South China Sea as illegal, ramping up support for Southeast Asian nations and triggering a furious response from Beijing.