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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 18-June-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. ‘Exaggerated’: India’s late night rebuttal on China’s new claim over Galwan Valley

  2. China opens another front, steps up cyberattacks that target India: Intel

  3. India elected unopposed to UNSC’s non-permanent member seat

  4. Restricted access to market in plan to counter Beijing



‘EXAGGERATED’: INDIA’S LATE NIGHT REBUTTAL ON CHINA’S NEW CLAIM OVER GALWAN VALLEY

Why in news?

  • The Galwan Valley - the site of the bloody clash between soldiers from both sides - has been one of the few areas along the Line of Actual Control where the difference in perception of the boundary between the two sides was minimal. 


Highlights:

  • India on Wednesday responded sharply to the Chinese foreign ministry claiming Galwan Valley, asserting that this was an “exaggerated and untenable” claim.

  • New Delhi also reminded Beijing about the phone conversation between the foreign ministers of the two countries who had agreed that the overall situation “should be handled in a responsible manner” and the understanding reached between military commanders of the two countries on 6 June “should be implemented sincerely”.

  • The Chinese statement is seen as an effort to create fresh areas of differences even as older differences turn into disputes.

  • The two countries have been trading charges of what triggered Monday night’s face-off in Galwan Valley that left 20 Indian soldiers dead and 76 more wounded including 18 with serious injuries. 

  • Foreign Minister S Jaishankar told his counterpart in a phone conversation that the Chinese side’s “pre-meditated and planned action” was behind the violence and casualties.

  • Jaishankar also added that the “Chinese side sought to erect a structure in Galwan Valley on our side of the LAC” and set up the clash.


Source : Hindustan Times (https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-rebuttal-at-midnight-india-calls-china-claim-over-galwan-untenable/story-vHFNgMujti6TNezyjFNSkN.html )


CHINA OPENS ANOTHER FRONT, STEPS UP CYBERATTACKS THAT TARGET INDIA: INTEL

Why in news?

  • China has opened another front against India with sustained DDOS (distributed denial of service) attacks on Indian information websites and the country’s financial payments system. 


Highlights:

  • DDOS attacks are malicious attempts to overwhelm a network by flooding it with artificially created internet traffic.

  • A variety of targets were zeroed in on, including government websites and the banking system including ATMs.

  • Most of the attacks were traced back to the central Chinese city of Chengdu.

  • The capital of Sichuan province, Chengdu is known for being the headquarters of the People’s Liberation Army’s Unit 61398, the Chinese military’s primary covert cyberwarfare section.


Source : Hindustan Times (https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/china-steps-up-cyberattacks-intel/story-hQXYHWJTeRq1ut6P0g7yGL.html )


INDIA ELECTED UNOPPOSED TO UNSC’S NON-PERMANENT MEMBER SEAT

Why in news?

  • India on Thursday has been elected to the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member from the Asia-Pacific category.


Highlights:

  • India, with its unopposed victory, will hope to use its eighth term as a non-permanent member to further bolster its claim to a permanent seat with the avowed goal of forging a “new orientation for a reformed multilateral system”.

  • Among the seven nations vying for the seat, India was standing unopposed from the block for 2021-22 term.

  • This is for the eighth time that India has been elected to the expanded security council.

  • Earlier this month, external affairs minister S Jaishankar had laid out India’s priorities and approaches when the country had another term on the Security Council.

  • “Reformed Multilateralism to reflect contemporary realities” will be one of India’s priorities, Jaishankar said.

  • Each new Security Council member needs to win two-thirds of the votes cast -- meaning 128 votes if all 193 nations vote. Delegates could have to vote multiple times to certify a winner.

  • The Security Council has 10 non-permanent members in addition to the veto-wielding Big Five -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.


Source : Hindustan Times (