Topic Covered :
‘Exaggerated’: India’s late night rebuttal on China’s new claim over Galwan Valley
China opens another front, steps up cyberattacks that target India: Intel
India elected unopposed to UNSC’s non-permanent member seat
Restricted access to market in plan to counter Beijing
‘EXAGGERATED’: INDIA’S LATE NIGHT REBUTTAL ON CHINA’S NEW CLAIM OVER GALWAN VALLEY
Why in news?
The Galwan Valley - the site of the bloody clash between soldiers from both sides - has been one of the few areas along the Line of Actual Control where the difference in perception of the boundary between the two sides was minimal.
India on Wednesday responded sharply to the Chinese foreign ministry claiming Galwan Valley, asserting that this was an “exaggerated and untenable” claim.
New Delhi also reminded Beijing about the phone conversation between the foreign ministers of the two countries who had agreed that the overall situation “should be handled in a responsible manner” and the understanding reached between military commanders of the two countries on 6 June “should be implemented sincerely”.
The Chinese statement is seen as an effort to create fresh areas of differences even as older differences turn into disputes.
The two countries have been trading charges of what triggered Monday night’s face-off in Galwan Valley that left 20 Indian soldiers dead and 76 more wounded including 18 with serious injuries.
Foreign Minister S Jaishankar told his counterpart in a phone conversation that the Chinese side’s “pre-meditated and planned action” was behind the violence and casualties.
Jaishankar also added that the “Chinese side sought to erect a structure in Galwan Valley on our side of the LAC” and set up the clash.
CHINA OPENS ANOTHER FRONT, STEPS UP CYBERATTACKS THAT TARGET INDIA: INTEL
Why in news?
China has opened another front against India with sustained DDOS (distributed denial of service) attacks on Indian information websites and the country’s financial payments system.
DDOS attacks are malicious attempts to overwhelm a network by flooding it with artificially created internet traffic.
A variety of targets were zeroed in on, including government websites and the banking system including ATMs.
Most of the attacks were traced back to the central Chinese city of Chengdu.
The capital of Sichuan province, Chengdu is known for being the headquarters of the People’s Liberation Army’s Unit 61398, the Chinese military’s primary covert cyberwarfare section.
Source : Hindustan Times (https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/china-steps-up-cyberattacks-intel/story-hQXYHWJTeRq1ut6P0g7yGL.html )
INDIA ELECTED UNOPPOSED TO UNSC’S NON-PERMANENT MEMBER SEAT
Why in news?
India on Thursday has been elected to the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member from the Asia-Pacific category.
India, with its unopposed victory, will hope to use its eighth term as a non-permanent member to further bolster its claim to a permanent seat with the avowed goal of forging a “new orientation for a reformed multilateral system”.
Among the seven nations vying for the seat, India was standing unopposed from the block for 2021-22 term.
This is for the eighth time that India has been elected to the expanded security council.
Earlier this month, external affairs minister S Jaishankar had laid out India’s priorities and approaches when the country had another term on the Security Council.
“Reformed Multilateralism to reflect contemporary realities” will be one of India’s priorities, Jaishankar said.
Each new Security Council member needs to win two-thirds of the votes cast -- meaning 128 votes if all 193 nations vote. Delegates could have to vote multiple times to certify a winner.
The Security Council has 10 non-permanent members in addition to the veto-wielding Big Five -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States.