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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 19-June-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. US Supreme Court blocks order to end DACA, many Indians among beneficiaries

  2. PM  launches Auction process of Coal blocks for Commercial mining

  3. Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

  4. Trump signs bill pressuring China over Uighur Muslim crackdown 

  5. Kodumanal dig throws light on megalithic burial rituals


US SUPREME COURT BLOCKS ORDER TO END DACA, MANY INDIANS AMONG BENEFICIARIES

Why in news?

  • The US Supreme Court on Thursday blocked a Trump administration order rescinding a popular Obama-era protection from deportation for hundreds of thousands of young undocumented immigrants, including many from India, who had been brought to this country as children.


Highlights:

  • Chief Justice John Roberts, who wrote the 5-4 majority opinion, called the decision of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which has overarching jurisdiction on immigration issues, to rescind the 2012 order as “arbitrary and capricious”.

  • The order does not prevent future attempts though.

  • The US citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has said there are an estimated 699,350 DACA recipients, also called Dreamers, protected by DACA.

  • The United States has told India at least 2,550 of them are from India.

What is DACA :

  • DACA is a federal government program created in 2012 under Barack Obama. It allowed people brought to the US unlawfully as children the temporary right legally to live, study and work in America, instead of living in the legal shadows, fearing deportation.

  •  Those applying were vetted, and then action to deport them would be deferred for two years, with a chance to renew on a rolling basis. They would become eligible for basics like a driving license, college enrolment or a work permit. The program is not designed as a path to permanent residency or citizenship.

  • Those protected under Daca are known as “Dreamers”


Source : Hindustan Times and Guardian (https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/us-supreme-court-blocks-order-to-end-daca-many-indians-among-beneficiaries/story-5QnRMIwg5IipL4jupJFV3K.html & https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jun/18/daca-dreamers-us-immigration-explainer )


PM  LAUNCHES AUCTION PROCESS OF COAL BLOCKS FOR COMMERCIAL MINING

Why in news?

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the auction process of 41 coal blocks for commercial.


Highlights:

  • It was part of the series of announcements made by the Government of India, under the AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

  • The Coal Ministry in association with FICCI launched the process for auction of these coal mines.

  • A two stage electronic auction process is being adopted for allocation of the coal mines.

  • Now the market has been opened for coal, so, any sector can buy coal as per their requirements. 

  • Reforms will not only benefit the coal sector but other sectors such as Steel, Aluminium, Fertilizers and Cement as well. It will also help in increasing the power generation.


Source : PIB ( https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1632370 )


GARIB KALYAN ROJGAR ABHIYAAN

Why in news?

  • PM Modi to launch Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20th June to boost livelihood opportunities in Rural India.