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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 25-July-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. China launches ambitious Mars mission 

  2. India, China agree to 'early and complete' disengagement, de-escalation at LAC

  3. Mike Pompeo sets agenda for a new Cold War with China.

  4. China tells US to close consulate in Chengdu in growing spat

  5. Government notifies new rules for e-commerce entities

  6. Parliamentary panel set to discuss data bill over citizen privacy fears


CHINA LAUNCHES AMBITIOUS MARS MISSION

Why in news?

  • China launched its most ambitious Mars mission yet in a bold attempt to join the U.S. in successfully landing a spacecraft on the red planet. 


Highlights:

  • A Long March-5 carrier rocket took off under clear skies around 12-40 p.m. from Hainan Island, south of China’s mainland.

  • China’s space agency said that the rocket carried the probe for 36 minutes before successfully placing it on the looping path that will take it beyond Earth’s orbit and eventually into Mars’ more distant orbit around the sun. 

  • China’s tandem spacecraft — with both an orbiter and a rover — will take seven months to reach Mars, like the others.

  • If all goes well, Tianwen-1, or “quest for heavenly truth,” will look for underground water, if it’s present, as well as evidence of possible ancient life. 

  • It marked the second flight to Mars this week, after a UAE orbiter blasted off on a rocket from Japan on Monday.

  • The U.S. is aiming to launch Perseverance, its most sophisticated Mars rover ever, from Cape Canaveral, Florida, next week. 

  • This isn’t China’s first attempt at Mars. In 2011, a Chinese orbiter accompanying a Russian mission was lost when the spacecraft failed to get out of Earth’s orbit after launching from Kazakhstan, eventually burning up in the atmosphere. 

  • This time, China is going at it alone. It also is fast-tracking, launching an orbiter and rover on the same mission instead of stringing them out. 

  • Landing on Mars is notoriously difficult. Only the U.S. has successfully landed a spacecraft on Martian soil, doing it eight times since 1976.


Source : Hindu ( https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/china-launches-first-mars-mission/article32171852.ece )


INDIA, CHINA AGREE TO 'EARLY AND COMPLETE' DISENGAGEMENT, DE-ESCALATION AT LAC

Why in news?

  • India and China on Friday agreed another meeting of the senior commanders may be held soon so as to work out further steps to ensure expeditiously complete disengagement and de-escalation and restoration of peace and tranquillity in the border areas.


Highlights:

  • The decision was arrived at the 17th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) held on Friday.