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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 26-May-2020

Topic Covered :

1. Ramkinkar Baij

2. Heatwave intensifies in northern India, Churu hottest at 47.5 deg C

3. Armies of India, China appear heading towards biggest face-off after Doklam

4. Maharashtra Governor vs CM standoff

5. Cicadas


Why in news?

  • Ministry of Culture’s National Gallery of Modern Art will organise virtual tour titled “Ramkinkar Baij | Journey through silent transformation and expressions” to commemorate the 115th Birth Anniversary of Ramkinkar Baij on 26th May 2020.


1. The iconic artist created 639 works of art.

2. The virtual tour is being launched to pay tribute to the one of the greatest sculptor, painter – an iconic artist of modern India, especially for the young artists to know the kind of restless experiment that the artist had one with forms – figurative and abstractive both.

3. About Ramkinkar Baij

a. Ramkinkar Baij, one of the most seminal artists of modern India, was an iconic sculptor, painter and graphic artist.

b. In 1925, he made his way to Kala Bhavana, the art school at Santiniketan and was under the guidance of Nandalal Bose. Encouraged by the liberating, intellectual environment of Santiniketan, his artistic skills and intellectual horizons blossomed, thus acquiring greater depth and complexity.

c. He assimilated the idioms of the European modern visual language and yet was rooted in his own Indian ethos.

d. His use of unconventional material, for the time, such as cement concrete for

his monumental public sculptures set a new precedent for art practices.

e. The use of cement, laterite and mortar to model the figures, and the use of a

personal style in which modern western and Indian pre-classical sculptural

values were brought together was equally radical.

f. In 1970, the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan for

his irrefutable contribution to Indian art. In 1976 he was made a Fellow of the

Lalit Kala Akademi. In 1976, he was conferred the honorary Doctoral Degree

of ‘Desikottama’ by Visva Bharati, and in 1979 an honorary D.Litt by Rabindra

Bharati University.

Source : PIB ( https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1626784 )


Why in news?

Heatwave conditions intensified in most of the northern states of India on Monday, with Churu in Rajasthan scorching at 47.5 degrees Celsius and the mercury breaching the 46- degree mark in parts of the national capital.


1. Definition : A heat wave, or heatwave, is a period of excessively hot weather, which

may be accompanied by high humidity, especially in oceanic climate countries. While

definitions vary, a heat wave is usually measured relative to the usual weather in the

area and relative to normal temperatures for the season.

2. IMD colour codes –

a. The IMD has four colour-coded messages -- green, yellow, amber and red.

Green indicates normal conditions while red denotes extreme weather


3. A heatwave is declared when the maximum temperature is at least 40 degrees

Celsius and the departure from normal temperature is 4.5 degrees Celsius to 6.4

degrees Celsius.

4. For the plains, a heatwave is declared when the actual maximum temperature is 45

degrees Celsius and severe heatwave when it is 47 degrees Celsius or above.

Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/heatwave-intensifies-innorthern- india-churu-hottest-at-47-5-deg-c/articleshow/75978879.cms )


Why in news?

Indian and Chinese troops remained engaged in an eyeball-to-eyeball situation in several disputed areas along the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh, signalling that the confrontation could become the biggest military face-off after the Doklam episode in 2017.


1. Top military sources said India has further increased its strength in Pangong Tso and Galwan Valley - the two contentious areas where Chinese army is learnt to have

been deploying around 2,000 to 2,500 troops besides gradually enhancing temporary infrastructure.

2. The biggest concern for Indian military has been the presence of Chinese troops

around several key points including Indian Post KM120 along the Darbuk-Shayok-

Daulat Beg Oldie road in Galwan Valley.

3. Chinese transgression into areas like Galwan was worrying as there was no dispute

between the two sides in the area.

4. The Chinese side has particularly strengthened its presence in the Galwan Valley,

erecting around 100 tents in the last two weeks and bringing in heavy equipment for

construction of bunkers.

5. India last week said the Chinese military was hindering normal patrolling by its

troops and asserted that India has always taken a very responsible approach towards

border management.

6. The troops of India and China were engaged in a 73-day stand-off in Doklam trijunction

in 2017 which even triggered fears of a war between the two nuclear-armed


7. China has been critical of India's reorganisation of Jammu and Kashmir, and has

particularly criticised New Delhi for making Ladakh a union territory. China lays claim over several parts of Ladakh.

Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/armies-of-india-china-appearheading-towards-biggest-face-off-after-doklam/articleshow/75981375.cms )