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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 27-April-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. Assam’s BTAD might see governor’s rule

  2. Pitch black 2020

  3. One Health initiative

  4. Yemen separatists declare self-rule in south

  5. Wheat Crop


ASSAM’S BTAD MIGHT SEE GOVERNOR’S RULE

Why in news?

  • The COVID-19 pandemic may earn Governor’s rule for the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD) in Assam.


Highlights:

  • The State’s Governor is the constitutional head of the BTAD that falls under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and is administered by the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).

  • The BTAD covers four districts of western and northern Assam.

  • Elections were scheduled to be held for the BTC on April 4 but was deferred indefinitely in view of the pandemic.  The council’s current term expires on April 27.

  • Most of the political parties have asked for not extending the tenure.

  • Features of Bodo Peace Accord, 2020 :

  • Bodoland territorial Area Districts (BTAD) spread over four districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri will be renamed as Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR).

  • 1500 armed cadres will abjure violence and join the mainstream.

  • A Special Development Package Rs. 1500 crores over three years

  • Promote and protect Bodo's social, cultural, linguistic and ethnic identities

  • Provide legislative protection for the land rights of tribals

  • Ensure quick development of tribal areas and rehabilitate members of NDFB factions.

  • A separate commission under section 14 of the sixth schedule will be created to recommend the inclusion or exclusion of tribal populations residing in villages adjoining BTAD area.

  • A Bodo Kachari welfare council be created.

  • Assam government will notify Bodo language as an associate official language in the state and will set up a separate directorate for Bodo medium schools.

  • More legislative, executive. Administrative and financial powers will be given to BTC.

  • Bodos living in the hills would be conferred a Scheduled Hill Tribe status.

  • The state government will give Rs 5 lakh each to the next of kin of those who lost their lives during the agitation for a separate state.


Source : Hindu ( https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/coronavirus-pandemic-may-earn-governors-rule-for-assams-btad/article31438544.ece )



PITCH BLACK 2020

Why in news?

  • Australia has informed India that its premier multilateral air combat training exercise — Pitch Black 2020— scheduled from July 27 to August 14 has been cancelled due to the COVID-19 situation


Highlights:

  • The exercise is an opportunity to interact with forces from across the globe. The next edition of Pitch Black is scheduled for 2022.

  • In the last edition of Pitch Black in 2018, the IAF for the first time deployed fighter aircraft which it had said would “provide a unique opportunity for exchange of knowledge and experience with these nations in a dynamic warfare environment”.

  • The defence and strategic engagement with Australia has steadily gone up in recent years especially on the bilateral front with naval cooperation at the forefront.

  • The bilateral naval exercise AUSINDEX early last year saw participation of the largest Australian contingent ever to India with over 1,000 personnel.


Source : Hindu ( https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/covid-19-australia-cancels-premier-multilateral-air-combat-training-exercise/article31437582.ece )



ONE HEALTH INITIATIVE

Why in news?

  • Recently, to deal with zoonotic diseases, a need to operationalize “OneHealth’ policy in India was highlighted. Presently, India is dealing with coronavirus (COVID-19). The virus appears to have its origin in bats.