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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 28-May-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. Trump offers to mediate between India and China

  2. Hong Kong 'no longer autonomous from China' – Pompeo

  3. Why can't private hospitals treat patients free, Supreme Court asks Centre

  4. External attacks on Cloud accounts up 630% amid Covid-19: McAfee 

  5. Explained: Why the present heatwave in North India is unusual


TRUMP OFFERS TO MEDIATE BETWEEN INDIA AND CHINA

Why in news?

  • US President Donald Trump on Wednesday offered to mediate between India and China over their “raging border dispute,” in another wild swing at diplomatic intervention in the region. 


Highlights:

  • The US President’s offer, dismissed or ignored in both China and India, surprised most observers given its timing – coming when Washington’s own ties with Beijing are fraught.

  • Both Indian and Chinese analysts took a dim view of Trump’s offer, some viewing it as ploy to sell more U.S arms to India.

  • Chinese analysts see it differently, accusing India of trying to change the status quo with border incursions, believing Beijing is in the international doghouse because of the coronavirus pandemic. 


Source : TOI ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/as-trump-offers-to-mediate-between-india-and-china-beijing-counsels-restraint/articleshow/76041022.cms )


HONG KONG 'NO LONGER AUTONOMOUS FROM CHINA' - POMPEO

Why in news?

  • US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has told Congress that Hong Kong no longer merits special treatment under US law.


Highlights:

  • The declaration could have major implications for Hong Kong's trade hub status and is likely to anger Beijing.

  • "No reasonable person can assert today that Hong Kong maintains a high degree of autonomy from China, given facts on the ground," he said in a statement.

  • It follows Beijing's plan to impose a controversial new security law on the territory.

  • The security law was "only the latest in a series of actions that fundamentally undermine Hong Kong's autonomy and freedoms

  • Until now the US has given Hong Kong - a global financial and trading hub - special status under US law. The provision dates from when the territory was a British colony and gives it favourable trading terms.

  • But since last year this status has been conditional on the US secretary of state regularly certifying that Hong Kong maintains sufficient autonomy from mainland China.

  • It could jeopardise billions of dollars worth of trade between Hong Kong and the US and could dissuade people from investing there in the future.

  • It would also hurt mainland China, which uses Hong Kong as a kind of middleman for transactions with the rest of the world. Mainland companies and multinational firms use the territory as an international or regional base.


Source : BBC ( https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-52824839 )


WHY CAN'T PRIVATE HOSPITALS TREAT PATIENTS FREE, SUPREME COURT ASKS CENTRE

Why in news?

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday asked why the private hospitals, given land free of cost by the government, cannot treat Covid-19 patients for free. It questioned the central government if there is any impediment in obligating such private hospitals with the treatment of coronavirus patients.


Highlights:

  • They have been given land either free of cost or at a very nominal cost. These private charitable hospitals should treat them for free.

  • The bench asked Mehta to identify such private hospitals, which have been allotted land on the ground of charity, and submit its views after a week. 

  • The petition by Sachin Jain had regretted that private hospitals are trying to make a fortune out of the national pandemic, and hence there must be a regulation. He claimed private hospitals were charging between Rs 10-12 lakh from Covid-19 patients even though the treatment did not even involve any surgery.


Source : Hans India (