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UPSC Daily Current Affairs : 30-April-2020

Topic Covered :

  1. HCARD, a robot, to assist frontline COVID-19 healthcare warriors

  2. Govt allows inter-state movement of stranded people with conditions

  3. Governor nomination and maharashtra cm post

  4. Neuroendocrine Tumour

  5. NEET mandatory for minority institutions


Why in news?

  • Healthcare workers at hospitals are risking COVID-19 infection while taking care of those infected by it 24/7. Perhaps the level of risk may get reduced hereafter with the help of a new friend, HCARD. 


  • The robotic device HCARD, in short for Hospital Care Assistive Robotic Device, can help frontline healthcare workers in maintaining physical distance from those infected by coronavirus.

  • HCARD is developed by Durgapur-based CSIR lab, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute. 

  • The device is equipped with various state-of-the-art technologies and works both in automatic as well as manual modes of navigation.

  • This robot can be controlled and monitored by a nursing booth with a control station having such features as navigation, drawer activation for providing medicines and food to patients, sample collection and audio-visual communication. 

  • The cost of this device is less than Rs 5 lakh and the weight is less than 80 kilograms

Source : PIB ( https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1619425 )


Why in news?

  • Migrant workers, tourists, students and other people stranded in different parts of the country were on Wednesday allowed to move to their respective destinations with certain conditions, giving a big relief to the distressed people. 


  • Buses shall be used for transport of such groups of stranded people and these vehicles will be sanitised and will have to follow safe social distancing norms in seating. 

  • The Home Ministry order, however, did not specify whether a person or a family can travel in a private vehicle, and if allowed, under what conditions. 

  • Listing the conditions, the ministry said all states and union territories should designate nodal authorities and develop standard protocols for receiving and sending such stranded persons. 

  • In case a group of stranded persons wish to move between one state and union territory and another state and union territory, the sending and receiving states may consult each other and mutually agree to the movement by road. 

  • The moving persons would be screened and those found asymptomatic would be allowed to proceed, according to the Home Ministry. 

  • All those people who avail the opportunity will be encouraged to use 'Aarogya Setu' app through which their health status can be monitored and tracked. 

Source : Times of India ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/govt-allows-movement-of-stranded-people-with-conditions/articleshow/75453755.cms )


Why in news?

  • As the decision about his appointment to the legislature as governor's nominee hangs fire, Maharashtra chief minister Uddhav Thackeray on Wednesday requested Prime Minister Narendra Modi to intervene, sources claimed.


  • Uddhav Thackeray, who is not a member of either house of the state legislature, was sworn in as chief minister on November 28, 2019. 

  • He has to become a member by May 28 when he completes six months in office, otherwise he will cease to be the chief minister. 

  • A delegation of MVA leaders led by deputy chief minister Ajit Pawar met the governor on Tuesday and handed over the cabinet decision's copy to him. 

  • Thackeray could not get elected to the legislative council through biennial polls as the elections were postponed due to coronavirus outbreak.

  • Article 171(3) (e) provides for nomination to legislative council in accordance with Article 171 (5) which states that the person should be the one having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters such as Literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social services.

Source : Times of India ( https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/uddhav-speaks-to-pm-modi-as-he-awaits-governors-decision/articleshow/75454257.cms )


Why in news?